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Presettlement Wildlife and Habitat of Montana:
An Overview

Annotation Of Expeditions And Individuals Recording Natural History Notes

John J. Audubon 1843:

Audubon, the famed artist and naturalist, visited Fort Union during the summer of 1843. Accompanying Audubon on this trip were John Bell (taxidermist), Isaac Sprague (artist), and Edward Harris (geologist), who assisted in collecting and preparing specimens. During his two month stay at Fort Union, Audubon entered Montana on at least two occasions - one was a two day trip up the Yellowstone and another was an extended trip into the badlands either near Fort Peck or Glendive. The purpose of Audubon's trip to Fort Union was to produce paintings of mammalsfor his planned publication of The Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America. In addition to this pictorial species documentation, Audubon recorded extensive notes on the wildlife of this region.

Adams, A.B.  1966.  John James Audubon: A biography.  G.P. Putnam's Sons 
     New York.

Audubon, J.J.  1831-1839.  Ornithological biography.  5 vols. A. Black, 

Audubon, J.J.  1826-1838.  Birds of America.  7 vols.  Lizars, and London: 
     Havell, Edinburgh. 

Audubon, J.J.  and J. Bachman.  1845-1854.  The viviparous quadrupeds of 
     North America.  3 vols.  New York: V.G. Audubon. 

Audubon, M., ed.  1897.  Audubon and his journals, with zoological and 
     other notes by Elliott Coues.  2 vols.  Charles Schribner's Sons, New 

Durant, M. and M. Harwood.  1980.  On the road with John James Audubon.  
     Dodd, Mead & Co., New York.

Ford, A. ed.  1951.  Audubon's animals: The quadrupeds of North America.  
     Thomas Y. Crowell, New York.

Ford, A. ed.  1969.  Audubon by himself: A profile of John James Audubon 
     from writings selected, arranged and edited by Alice Ford.  The 
     Natural History Press, Garden City, N.Y.

Herrick, F.H.  1917.  Audubon the Naturalist: A history of his life and 
     times.  2 vols.  D. Appleton & Co.  New York.

McDermott, J.F., ed.  1951.  Up the Missouri with Audubon, by Edward 
     Harris.  Univ. of Oklahoma Press, Norman.

McDermott. J.F., ed.  1965.  Audubon in the west.  Univ. of Oklahoma 
     Press, Norman.

Thompson, L.S.  1985.  Montana's Explorers: The pioneer naturalists.  The 
     Montana Magazine, Helena.

Walcheck, K.C.  1980.  Audubon bighorn sheep.  Montana Outdoors. 

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