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Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

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Presettlement Wildlife and Habitat of Montana:
An Overview

Annotation Of Expeditions And Individuals Recording Natural History Notes

William Henry Ashley and Andrew Henry, 1806-1825:

These fur traders along with John Colter, Manuel Lisa, Thomas James, Jedediah Smith and others, explored the Yellowstone and upper Missouri Rivers for its fur potential. They constructed some of the first trading posts in Montana along the Yellowstone and Missouri Rivers. In addition to a journal kept by Ashley, Thomas James recorded the history of their activities. Ashley's journal includes a trip down the Bighorn and Yellowstone Rivers but contains very little natural history information of this region.

Dale, H.C.  1941.  The Ashley-Smith explorations.  Glendale, CA.

Douglas, W.B.  1916.  Three years among the Indians and Mexicans - Thomas 
     James.  St. Louis, MO.  

Frost, Donald McKay.  Notes on General Ashley. (letters from Daniel T. 

Morgan, D.L.  1954-1955.  Journal of William H. Ashley.  Missouri 
     Historical Society Bulletin, Vol. 11 #1-3

Morgan, D.L.  1964.  The west of William H. Ashley.  Denver, CO.

Sullivan, M.S.  1934.  The travels of Jedediah Smith.  The Fine Arts 
     Press.  Santa Anna, CA.

Vinton, S.  1926.  John Colter, discoverer of Yellowstone Park.  New York.

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