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Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

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Management of Northern Prairies and Wetlands for the Conservation of Neotropical Migratory Birds


The northern prairies constitute a major breeding area for many wetland- and grassland-dependent species of birds. I review the status of bird populations in the northern prairies, key upland and wetland habitats, effects of common management practices, and issues that specifically arise from a landscape perspective. I focus on the United States portion of the northern tallgrass and mixed-grass prairies, including northern Iowa, western Minnesota, portions of North Dakota and South Dakota east of the Missouri River, and northeastern Montana. Certain conclusions will be more widely applicable, especially to the southern prairie provinces of Canada.

I am grateful to J. R. Sauer for Breeding Bird Survey results; B. R. Euliss for much bibliographic assistance; and J. R. Herkert, L. D. Igl, H. A. Kantrud, F. L. Knopf, and R. R. Koford for comments on the manuscript.

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