Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Ecological Effects of Fire Retardant
Chemicals and Fire Suppressant Foams
Application of fire suppressant foam from ground tanker
The research described here was the result of a joint effort by scientists at
the Columbia Environmental Research Center (formerly Columbia National Fisheries
Research Center [Columbia, MO, and Field Research Station, Yankton, SD]), Northern
Prairie Wildlife Research Center [Jamestown, ND], and the Patuxent Wildlife
Research Center (Laurel, MD). The research was initiated in 1993 when the three
Centers were part of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and was carried on when
they were moved to the National Biological Survey (later renamed the National
Biological Service), and finally combined with the U.S. Geological Survey as
the Biological Resources Division in October 1996. The Project Coordinator for
the research effort was Susan Finger (Environmental and Contaminants Research
Center [formerly Columbia Environmental Research Center], 4200 New Haven Road,
Columbia, Missouri 65201-9634; comm. 573-876-1850; fax 573-876-1896; Susan_Finger@usgs.gov).
The Environmental and Contaminants Research Center (4200 New Haven Road,
Columbia, Missouri 65201-9634) was responsible for research on the effects
of fire retardants on aquatic ecosystems in field studies. The principal investigator
was Barry Poulton, PhD (comm. 573-876-1873; fax 573- 876-1896; Barry_Poulton@usgs.gov).
This resource should be cited as:
Hamilton, Steve, Diane Larson, Susan Finger, Barry Poulton, Nimish Vyas,
and Elwood Hill. Ecological effects of fire retardant chemicals
and fire suppressant foams. Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie
Wildlife Research Center Online.
Application of fire retardant chemical from fixed-wing aircraft
The Yankton Field Research Station (Environmental and Contaminants Research
Center, Field Research Station, RR 1 Box 295, Yankton, South Dakota 57078-
9214) was responsible for conducting laboratory studies with five fire-fighting
chemicals tested in two water qualities to determine effects on three fish
species, two aquatic invertebrates, and a green algae. The principal investigator
was Steve Hamilton, PhD (comm. 605-665- 9217; fax 605-665-9335; Steve_Hamilton@usgs.gov).
The Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center (8711 37th St. SE, Jamestown,
North Dakota 58401-9736) was responsible for conducting field studies to determine
effects of two fire-fighting chemicals on vegetation. The principal investigator
was Diane Larson, PhD (comm. 612-625-9271; fax 612-624-6777; firstname.lastname@example.org).
The Patuxent Wildlife Research Center (Wildlife Toxicology Group, 1510 American
Holly Drive, Laurel, Maryland 20807-4017) was responsible for determining
the effects of five chemicals on a mammalian species, three bird species,
and a terrestrial invertebrate in both laboratory and field studies. The principal
investigator was Nimish Vyas, PhD (comm. 301-497-5721; fax 301-497-5744; Nimish_Vyas@usgs.gov).
Elwood Hill, PhD was a co-investigator who is now retired.
Table of Contents
- Manager's Summary
- Description of Chemicals
- Phos Chek G75F
- Fire-Trol GTS-R
- Fire-Trol LCG-R
- Phos-Chek D75-F
- Phos-Chek WD-881
- Fire-Trol LCA-F
- Fire-Trol LCM-R
- Phos-Chek 259F
- Fire-Trol FireFoam 103B
- Fire-Trol FireFoam 104
- Fire Quench
- ForExpan S
- Pyrocap B-136
- Details of the Research
- Research Objectives
- Terrestrial Vegetation Study Locations
- Detailed Results
- Terrestrial Ecosystem
- Aquatic - Laboratory
- Aquatic Ecosystem - Field
- Table 1 -- Plant Species and the Number of Plot-Sample
- Table 2 -- Summary of Treatment Effects in Riparian
and Upland Habitat
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