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Wood Duck (Aix sponsa)

Management Prescriptions


Management treatments should address the habitat components that are determined to be limiting wood duck habitat potential. For planning purposes, select among the possible action items listed below to raise the quality or availability of each habitat component determined to be limiting. A list of programs that may provide financial or technical assistance to carry out specific management practices is provided.

Habitat Component Management options for increasing habitat quality or availability Assistance Programs
Food Plant, preserve and encourage trees shrubs and herbaceous food plants (see plant species list Insert). WHIP, EQIP, WRP, PFW, CRP
  Restore hydrology on previously drained forested wetland. WRP, PFW, EWP
  Restore hydrology and vegetation on previously drained and cropped wetland. WRP, CRP, PFW
  Establish shallow water areas and artificial wetlands WRP, CRP, PFW
  Provide winter water on cropland and woodland. WHIP
Nesting Cover Install artificial nesting boxes over and near wetland areas. WHIP, WRP, PFW
  Preserve old growth timber, especially large, live hardwood trees in and adjacent to wetlands conducive to natural cavities. WRP
Brood-rearing cover Restore hydrology on previously drained forested wetland. WRP, PFW, EWP
  Restore hydrology and vegetation on previously drained and cropped wetland. WRP, CRP, PFW, EWP
  Establish woody riparian vegetation along streams. CRP, WRP, EQIP, PFW, WHIP
Winter cover Restore hydrology to previously drained forested wetland. WRP, PFW, EWP
  Restore hydrology and vegetation to previously drained and cropped or grazed wetland. WRP, CRP, PFW
  Provide winter water on cropland and woodland. WHIP
Water Restore or establish bottomland hardwood or emergent herbaceous wetland. WRP, CRP, PFW
Interspersion and minimum habitat size Combine above prescriptions to increase interspersion of habitat components or size of habitat blocks available. WRP, CRP, PFW, EQIP, EWP

For landowners interested in making their individual efforts more valuable to the community, they can work with WHC and NRCS to involve school and scout groups and their families in habitat projects. A wood duck management project is an easy way to provide fun hands on learning opportunities, especially for children. If the land is corporate owned, encourage interested employees to become involved. Involve students or scouts in building and monitoring nest boxes. The educational benefits can greatly increase the value of your individual wood duck management project.


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