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Managing Habitat for Grassland Birds
A Guide for Wisconsin



Table 2.  Breeding season abundance of Wisconsin's grassland birds.
Bird Species b Abundancea  by Natural Division
Southwestern
Upland
Southeastern
Ridges and
Lowlands
Central
Plains
Lake Michigan
Shoreland
Northern Highland/
Lake Superior Lowland

Cattle egret rare uncommon n.p. uncommon n.p.
Green-winged teal rare uncommon uncommon uncommon rare
Mallard common abundant abundant common common
Northern pintail rare rare rare rare rare
Blue-winged teal fairly common common common common fairly common
Northern shoveler rare rare rare rare rare
Gadwall rare rare rare rare rare
American wigeon rare rare rare rare rare
Northern harrier uncommon uncommon fairly common uncommon fairly common
Red-tailed hawk common common common common fairly common
American kestrel common common common common common
Gray partridge uncommon fairly common uncommon fairly common n.p.
Ring-necked pheasant fairly common common fairly common fairly common uncommon
Greater prairie-chicken n.p. n.p. uncommon n.p. uncommon
Sharp-tailed grouse n.p. n.p. uncommon n.p. uncommon
Northern bobwhite fairly common uncommon uncommon uncommon n.p.
Yellow rail n.p. rare rare rare rare
Killdeer common common common common fairly common
Upland sandpiper fairly common uncommon uncommon fairly common uncommon
Wilson's phalarope rare rare uncommon uncommon uncommon
Mourning dove common common common common uncommon
Barn owl rare rare rare rare casual
Short-eared owl rare casual rare casual rare
Common nighthawk fairly common fairly common fairly common fairly common fairly common
Red-headed woodpecker common fairly common common fairly common rare
Alder flycatcher uncommon uncommon fairly common uncommon fairly common
Willow flycatcher fairly common fairly common fairly common uncommon uncommon
Eastern kingbird common common common common common
Horned lark common common common common fairly common
Barn swallow common common common common common
Sedge wren fairly common common common common common
Eastern bluebird fairly common uncommon fairly common uncommon fairly common
Loggerhead shrike uncommon uncommon uncommon uncommon rare
Bell's vireo uncommon rare rare rare n.p.
Common yellowthroat common common common common common
Dickcissel fairly common fairly common uncommon uncommon rare
Clay-colored sparrow uncommon rare fairly common uncommon fairly common
Field sparrow common fairly common common fairly common uncommon
Vesper sparrow common common common common fairly common
Lark sparrow uncommon rare uncommon rare n.p.
Savannah sparrow common abundant common abundant common
Grasshopper sparrow fairly common uncommon fairly common uncommon uncommon
Henslow's sparrow uncommon uncommon uncommon uncommon rare
Le Conte's sparrow n.p. rare uncommon rare uncommon
Nelson's sharp-tailed sparrow n.p. casual casual n.p. rare
Song sparrow abundant abundant abundant abundant abundant
Swamp sparrow fairly common common common common fairly common
Bobolink common common common common common
Red-winged blackbird abundant abundant abundant abundant abundant
Eastern meadowlark common common common common fairly common
Western meadowlark fairly common uncommon fairly common uncommon uncommon
Brewer's blackbird uncommon rare fairly common uncommon fairly common
Common grackle abundant abundant abundant abundant common
Brown-headed cowbird common common common common common
Orchard oriole uncommon uncommon rare uncommon rare
American goldfinch common common common common common

a  Abundance categories can be arranged in order of decreasing abundance: abundant, common, fairly common, uncommon, rare, casual, or typically not present (n.p.). These categories are not meant to be exact, but are designed to give an indication of the "average" abundance of species within natural divisions. There is usually variation in abundance within a natural division.

b  The species list is the same as in Table 1. Bolded names are species of management concern, which are the main focus of this report. Discussion of our selection of these species begins in Identifying Bird Species of Management Concern and priority Habitats for Wisconsin.


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