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Managing Habitat for Grassland Birds
A Guide for Wisconsin


APPENDIX A.  Grassland birds and other birds that use grassland habitats in Wisconsin.a

I.  Birds (105 species) that regularly or semi-regularly use grasslands and related open country habitats for some part of their breeding cycle.

Common Name Scientific Name
American bittern Botaurus lentiginosus
Cattle egret Bubulcus ibis
Canada goose Branta canadensis
Green-winged teal Anas crecca
American black duck Anas rubripes
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Northern pintail Anas acuta
Blue-winged teal Anas discor
Northern shoveler Anas clypeata
Gadwall Anas streper
American wigeon Anas americana
Ring-necked duck Aythya collaris
Lesser scaup Aythya affinis
Turkey vulture Cathartes aura
Northern harrier Circus cyaneus
Red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis
American kestrel Falco sparverius
Merlin Falco columbarius
Gray partridge Perdix perdix
Ring-necked pheasant Phasianus colchicus
Greater prairie-chicken Tympanuchus cupido
Sharp-tailed grouse Tympanuchus phasianellus
Wild turkey Meleagris gallopavo
Northern bobwhite Colinus virginianus
Yellow rail Coturnicops novaboracensis
King rail Rallus elegans
Virginia rail Rallus limicola
Sora Porzana Carolina
Sandhill crane Grus canadensis
Killdeer Charadrius vociferous
Spotted sandpiper Actitis macularia
Upland sandpiper Bartramia longicauda
Common snipe Gallinago gallinago
American woodcock Scolopax minor
Wilson's phalarope Phalaropus tricolor
Ring-billed gull Larus delawarensis
Herring gull Larus argentatus
Rock dove Columba livia
Mourning dove Zenaida macroura
Barn owl Tyto alba
Great horned owl Bubo virginianus
Short-eared owl Asio flammeus
Common nighthawk Chordeiles minor
Ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris
Red-headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus
Downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens
Northern flicker Colaptes auratus
Alder flycatcher Empidonax alnorum
Willow flycatcher Empidonax traillii
Eastern phoebe Sayornis phoebe
Western kingbird Tyrannus verticalis
Eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus
Horned lark Eremophila alpestris
Purple martin Progne subis
Tree swallow Tachycineta bicolor
Northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis
Bank swallow Riparia riparia
Cliff swallow Hirundo pyrrhonota
Barn swallow Hirundo rustica
Blue jay Cyanocitta cristata
American crow Corvus brachyrhynchos
Common raven Corvus corax
Black-capped chickadee Parus atricapillus
House wren Troglodytes aedon
Sedge wren Cistothorus platensis
Eastern bluebird Sialia sialis
American robin Turdus migratorius
Gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis
Brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum
Cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum
Loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus
European starling Sturnus vulgaris
Bell's vireo Vireo bellii
Yellow warbler Dendroica petechia
Common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas
Yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens
Northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis
Indigo bunting Passerina cyanea
Dickcissel Spiza americana
Eastern towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus
Chipping sparrow Spizella passerina
Clay-colored sparrow Spizella pallida
Field sparrow Spizella pusilla
Vesper sparrow Pooecetes gramineus
Lark sparrow Chondestes grammacus
Savannah sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis
Grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum
Henslow's sparrow Ammodramus henslowii
Le Conte's sparrow Ammodramus leconteii
Nelson's sharp-tailed sparrow Ammodramus nelsoni
Song sparrow Melospiza melodia
Lincoln's sparrow Melospiza lincolnii
Swamp sparrow Melospiza georgiana
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus
Red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus
Eastern meadowlark Sturnella magna
Western meadowlark Sturnella neglecta
Yellow-headed blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus
Brewer's blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus
Common grackle Quiscalus quiscula
Brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater
Orchard oriole Icterus spurius
Baltimore oriole Icterus galbula
American goldfinch Carduelis tristis
House sparrow Passer domesticus

II.  Non-grassland species that are occasionally associated with grassland habitats.

Common Name Scientific Name
Least bittern Ixobrychus exilis
Great blue heron Ardea herodias
Green heron Butorides virescens
Black tern Chlidonias niger
Black-billed cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus
Eastern wood-pewee Contopus virens
Least flycatcher Empidonax minimus
Great-crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus
White-breasted nuthatch Sitfa carolinensis
Marsh wren Cistothorus palustris
Veery Catharus fuscescens
Warbling vireo Vireo gilvus
Blue-winged warbler Certhia pinus
Nashville warbler Vermivora ruficapilla
Chestnut-sided warbler Dendroica pensylvanica
Rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus

a Species are listed in taxonomic order, following the 6th edition of the American Ornithologists' (AOU) Union check-list of North American birds (AOU 1983) and the 40th supplement to the AOU check-list (AOU 1995).

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