USGS - science for a changing world

Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

  Home About NPWRC Our Science Staff Employment Contacts Common Questions About the Site

A Comprehensive Review of Observational and Site Evaluation Data of Migrant Whooping Cranes in the United States, 1943-99



Variables listed in alphabetical order; see above variables for listing of categories

ADJ_HAB Primary descriptors of habitats within 1.6 km (1 mi) radius of site
AREANAME Description of location
CDEPTH Water depth (recorded in inches) at specific site within wetland where crane(s) observed
CLASS Wetland class, following Cowardin et al. (1979)
COLOR_BD Description of color markers observed at site during site evaluation
COUNTYE County-Site Evaluation record
COUNTYO County-Observation record
DATA_E Indicates Site Evaluation record
DATA_O Indicates Observation record
DENSITY Plant Distribution/density
DEPUTIZE Time of day of departure - Site Evaluation record
DESTINE Distance to nearest utility (power or phone) lines
DIST_DEV Distance to human development
DIST_FED Distance to feeding site (recorded in miles)
EMERGE Emergent vegetation
EVAL Y = Site Evaluation completed
FEED Feeding site descriptors
FROMO First date crane(s) observed - Observation record
FRSTDATE First date - Site Evaluation record
FWSBAND Numeric code of U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service band [note: no proofing or corrections have been make to this variable]
IN_TIME Initial time observed - Site Evaluation record
JFROMO First Julian date crane(s) observed - Observation record
JFRSTDAT First Julian date crane(s) observed - Site Evaluation record
JLASTDAT Last Julian date crane(s) observed - Site Evaluation record
JTO Last Julian date crane(s) observed - Observation record
LASTDATE Last Date crane(s) observed - Site Evaluation record
LEGALOBS Legal description of location - Observation record
LEG_DESC Legal description of location - Site Evaluation record
LOCAT_ID Unique numeric identifying code (year-season-mainobs-subobs-location)
MAIN_OBS Main observation and sub-observation code
MAP If map of location exists (M = map)
NADULT Number of adults
NJUV Number of juveniles
NO_BIRDS Total number of cranes - Site Evaluation record
NO_DAYS Number of days crane(s) were present at that site - Observation record
OBS Main observation code only
OBSDATES Range of dates for crane observations
OBS_FOOD Foods observed eaten by crane(s)
OBS_TYPE Report, Radio or Mortality
ORIG_E Original Site Evaluation identification number
ORIG_O Original Observation identification number
PHOTO Photograph taken at site (Yes / No)
POT_FOOD Primary potential food source on site
QUALITY Water quality
QUARTER Location: quarter-section
RANGE Range location
RDEPTH Water depth (recorded in inches) of wetland
REGIME Water Regime, following Cowardin et al. (1979)
ROOST Roost site descriptors
RWIDTH Width of riverine wetlands, derived from SIZE_WET, recorded in yards
SEC Location: section
SIM_HAB Extent of similar habitat within 16 km (10-mi) radius of site
SITE If crane(s) observed in air, on land, water, or some combination
SITE_OWN Site ownership
SITE_SEC Security of site
SITE_USE Site use
SLOPE Shoreline slope of wetland
SOURCE Source of record; to distinguish among incidental and study-related observations
SPPWITH Other species occurring with whooping cranes
SUBSTRAT Wetland substrate
SUBSYSTM Wetland subsystem, following Cowardin et al. (1979)
SUB_OBS Sub-observation Code
TIME Time of Site Evaluation
TO Date Last observed at location
TOTAL Total Number of cranes - Site Evaluation record
TOWNSHIP Location: township
VISIBL Shortest straight-line distance to the nearest obstruction . 1.4 m in height
WETCLASS Wetland classification - original code
WETSYSTM Wetland system, following Cowardin et al. (1979) (P = Palustrine, R = Riverine L = Lacustrine)
WSIZE_CL Size class of palustrine and lacustrine wetlands, derived from SIZE_WET, recorded in acres

Previous Section -- Appendix I. Excel Databases
Return to Contents
Next Section -- Appendix III. Metadata

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
Page Contact Information: Webmaster
Page Last Modified: Friday, 01-Feb-2013 20:04:20 EST
Sioux Falls, SD [sdww54]