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Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

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Waterfowl Communities in the Northern Plains


Gadwall. -- The breeding distribution of the Gadwall is centered in the Dakotas and the southern Prairie Provinces, and the Prairie Pothole Region of North Dakota consists of strata in the highest quartile of average densities. Populations declined somewhat during 1965-1989 at the continental scale, nd the decline at Woodworth was more pronounced (Fig. 5).

GIF - Species Counts

Numbers of gadwalls in the Woodworth Study Area did not vary closely in response to numbers of wetland sites, although Johnson and Grier (1988) calculated r values of nearly 0.50 for that area in general. Gadwalls were more common in years with cool April temperatures; the negative coefficient of May precipitation in the best regression equation is difficult to explain.

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