USGS - science for a changing world

Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

  Home About NPWRC Our Science Staff Employment Contacts Common Questions About the Site

Integrated Management of the Greater Prairie Chicken and Livestock on the Sheyenne National Grassland

Literature Cited

Aldrich, J.W.  1963.  Geographic orientation of American Tetraonidae.  J. Wildl.
    Manage. 27:529-545. 
Alt, Bernard W.  1988.  A letter to Henry C. Dethloff, March 21, 1988;
    Unpublished memorandum, "Evolution of the National Grasslands,"
    Historical Files, Region 1, Missoula, MT.
Ammann, G.A.  1957.  The prairie grouse of Michigan.  Fed. Aid in Wildl. Res.
    Proj., Mich. 5-R, 37R, and 70-R.  Game Div. Mich. Dep. Conserv.,
    Lansing.  200 pp.
Bailey, A.W.  1976.  Alberta's range land resources.  Rangeman's J. 3:44-46.
Bailey, T., P. Avers, T. King and W. McNab.  1994.  Ecoregions and subregions
    of the United States (Map).  USDA, Forest Service, Washington, D.C.
Baker, C.H., Jr. and Q.F. Paulson.  1967.  Geology and ground water resources
    of Richland County, part III - ground water resources.  North Dakota Geol.
    Sur. Bull. 46 and North Dakota State Water Commission Ground Water
    Studies 7.  48 pp.
Ball, I.J., R.L. Eng, and S.K. Ball.  1995.  Population density and productivity of
    ducks on large grassland tracts in North Central Montana.  Wildl. Soc.
    Bull. 23:767-773.
Barker, W.T.  1974.  Native vegetation of the lower Sheyenne River Basin. 
    Pages 18-19 in Lower Sheyenne River Basin:  Water-Land-People. 
    North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND.
Barker, W.T., L.L. Manske and K. Higgins.  1988.  Manipulation of habitat by fire
    and mowing.  (Abstract).  Page 73 in A. Bjugstad, Tech Coor. Prairie
    Chickens on the Sheyenne National Grasslands. USDA, Forest Service,
    Rocky Mtn. Forest and Range Exp. Sta., Fort Collins, CO. Gen Tech.
    Rep. RM-159.  73 pp.
Bent, A.C.  1932.  Life histories of North American gallinaceous birds.  U.S. Nat.
    Mus. Bull. No. 162.  490 pp.
Bjugstad-Porter, R.  1993.  The western prairie fringed orchid (Platanthera
    praeclara): its response to burning and associated mycorrhizal fungi. 
    M.S. Thesis, Univ. Wyoming, Laramie.  116 pp.

Bluemle, J.P.  1975.  Guide to the geology of southeast North Dakota.  North
    Dakota Geol. Sur., Educational Ser. 3.  33 pp.
Bluemle, J.P.  1979.  Geology of Ransom and Sargent Counties, North Dakota. 
    North Dakota Geol. Sur. Bull. 69 - part I.  Jet Printing Inc.  Grand Forks,
    North Dakota.  84 pp.
Bowles, M.L.  1983.  The tallgrass prairie orchids Platanthera leucophaea (Nutt.)
    Lindl. and Cypripedium candidum Muhl. ex Willd.:  some aspects of their
    status, biology, and ecology, and implications toward management.  Nat.
    Areas J. 3:14-37.
Bragg, T.B. and L.C. Hulbert.  1976.  Woody plant invasion of unburned Kansas
    bluestem prairie.  J. Range Manage. 29:19-24.
Braun, B.  1996.  1995 Prairie chicken monitoring report on the Sheyenne
    National Grasslands.  U.S. Forest Service, Lisbon, ND.
Brophy, J.A.  1967.  Some aspects of the glacial deposits of the south end of the
    Lake Agassiz Basin.  Pages 97-105 in W.J. Mayer-Oakes, ed.  Life, land
    and water:  proceedings of the 1966 conference on environmental studies
    of the glacial Lake Agassiz region.  University of Manitoba Press,
    Winnipeg, Canada.
Brown, R.L.  1966.  Response of sharptail breeding populations to annual
    changes in residual grassland cover.  Pages 219-222 in Proc. 46th
    Annu. Conf. Western Assoc. of State Game and Fish Commissioners.  Butte,
Brussard, P.F.  1985.  Minimum viable population: How many are too few? 
    Restor. and Manage. Notes 3:21-25.
Buhnerkempe, J.E., W.R. Edwards, D.R. Vance, and R.L. Westemeier.  1984. 
    Effects of residual vegetation on prairie-chicken nest placement and
    success.  Wildl. Soc. Bull. 12:382-386.
Burger, L.W.  1988.  Movements, home range, and survival of female prairie
    chickens in relation to habitat pattern.  M.S. Thesis.  U. of Missouri,
    Columbia.  108 pp.
Cancelado, R. and T.R. Yonke.  1970.  Effect of prairie burning on insect
    populations.  J. Kans. Ent. Soc. 43:274-281.
Capel, S.W.  1965.  The relationship between grazing and predator activity in
    four types of waterfowl nesting cover.  M.A. Thesis.  U. of Missouri,
    Columbia.  78 pp.
Carroll, J.P., R.D. Crawford, and J.W. Schulz.  1990.  Nesting and brood-rearing
    ecology of gray partridge in North Dakota.  Pages 272-294, in K.E.
    Church, R.E. Warner, and S.J. Brady, eds.  Perdix V: gray partridge and
    ring-necked pheasant workshop.  Kans. Dep. Wildl. and Parks, Emporia.
Church, K.E., M. Heffron, and J.W. Parrish.  1989.  Assimilated energy of winter
    foods by greater prairie-chickens.  (Abstract).  Pages 10-11 in W.D.
    Svedarsky, ed.  Proc. 18th Prairie Grouse Tech. Coun. Conf. University of
    Minn., Crookston.
Cooke, W.W.  1888.  Report on bird migration in the Mississippi Valley.  Bull.
    No. 2. Div. of Econ. Ornith. U.S.D.A.  Washington, D.C.  313 pp.
Coues, E.  1874.  Birds of the Northwest:  A handbook of the ornithology of the
    region drained by the Missouri River and its tributaries.  Misc. Pub. No. 3. 
    Gov. Printing Office, Washington, D.C.  791 pp.
Cross, D.J.  1966.  Approaches toward an assessment of the role of insect food
    in the ecology of game birds, especially the partridge (Perdix perdix). 
    Ph.D. Thesis.  U. of London.
Dersheid, L.A., L.J. Wrage and W.E. Arnold.  1985.  Cultural control of leafy
    spurge.  Pages 57-64 in A.K. Watson ed.  Leafy Spurge. Monogr. Series. 
    Weed Sci. Soc. Amer.  Champaign, IL.
Drobney, R.D. and R.D. Sparrowe.  1977.  Land use relationships and
    movements of greater prairie chickens in Missouri.  Trans. Missouri Acad.
    Scien.  10-11:146-160.
Duebbert, H.F.  1969.  High nest density and hatching success of ducks on
    South Dakota CAP land.  Trans. N. Am. Wildl. Nat. Res. Conf.  34:218-
Dunn, P.H.  1979.  The distribution of leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula) and other
    weed Euphorbia species in the United States.  Weed Sci. 27:509-516.
Ehrenreich, J.H. and J.M. Aikman.  1963.  Ecological study of the effect of
    certain management practices on native prairie in Iowa.  Ecol. Monogr.
Enck, J.W.  1987.  The effect of insect abundance on gray partridge chick
    survivorship in New York.  Pages 3-15, in R.O. Kimmel, J.W. Schulz, and
    G.J. Mitchell, eds.  Perdix IV:  Gray partridge workshop.  MN Dep. Nat.
    Res., Madelia.
Eng. R.L., J.E. Toepfer and J.A. Newell.  1988.  Management of livestock to
    improve and maintain prairie habitat on the Sheyenne National Grasslands. 
    Pages 55-57 in A. Bjugstad, Tech. Coor. Prairie Chickens on the Sheyenne
    National Grasslands. USDA, Forest Service, Rocky Mtn. Forest and Range
    Exp. Sta., Fort Collins, CO. Gen Tech. Rep. RM-159.  73 pp.
Erickson, D.O., W.T. Barker and C.N. Haugse.  1978.  The feeding value of
    native grasses in the Sheyenne National Grasslands.  North Dakota Farm
    Research Bimonthly Bulletin, 36:8-12.
Fox, D.A., D.R. Kirby, R.G. Lym, J.S. Caton, and K.D. Krabbenhoft.  1991. 
    Chemical composition of leafy spurge and alfalfa.  North Dakota Farm Res.
Fredrickson, L.  1987.  Translocation, movements and habitat use of South
    Dakota prairie chickens.  (Abstract).  Page 12 in W.D. Svedarsky, ed.
    17th Prairie Grouse Tech. Council Conf., University of Minnesota-
Fritz, M.  1993.  Western prairie fringed orchid - a threatened species.  
    Nebraskaland Magazine and Nebraska Game and Parks Commission, 
    Lincoln, Nebraska. 
Grange, W.B.  1948.  Wisconsin grouse problems.  Wisc. Conserv. Dep. Pub.
    No. 328-A.  318 pp.
Gratson, M.W.  1988.  Spatial patterns, movements, and cover selection by
    sharp-tailed grouse.  Pages 158-192 in A.T. Bergerud and M.W. Gratson,
    eds.  Adaptive strategies and population ecology of northern grouse.  U.
    of Minn. Press, Minneapolis.
Griffin, C. and N.J. Silvy.  1995.  Insects may be key to prairie chicken
    abundance.  (Abstract).  Page 8 in J. Kobriger, ed.  Proc. 21st Prairie
    Grouse Tech. Coun. Conf. N.D.  North Dakota Game and Fish Dep.,
Gross, A.O.  1930.  Progress report of the Wisconsin prairie chicken
    investigation, Wisc. Cons. Comm., Madison.  112 pp.
Grosz, K.L.  1982.  Sharp-tailed grouse nesting and brood rearing habitat in
    grazed and nongrazed treatments in south central North Dakota.  M.S. Thesis. 
    North Dakota State University, Fargo.  72 pp.

Grosz, K.L. and D.R. Kirby.  1986.  The nesting and brood-rearing ecology of
    sharp-tailed grouse in relation to specialized grazing systems.  North
    Dakota Farm Research. 44:22-24.
Hadley, E.B. and B.J. Kieckhefer.  1963.  Productivity of two prairie grasses in
    relation to fire frequency.  Ecology 44:389-395.
Halvorsen, H.H. and R.K. Anderson.  1979.  An evaluation of grassland
    management techniques in central Wisconsin.  Pages 10-12 in R.K.
    Anderson, ed.  Proc. 13th Prairie Grouse Tech. Coun. Conf.  University of
    Wisc., Stevens Point.
Hamerstrom, F.  1982.  Death of a firebird.  Defenders 50:37-39.
Hamerstrom, F.N.  1963.  Sharptail brood habitat in Wisconsin's northern pine
    barrens.  J. Wildl. Manage. 27:793-802.
Hamerstrom F.N. and F. Hamerstrom.  1949.  Daily and seasonal movements of
    Wisconsin prairie chickens.  Auk. 16:312-337.
Hamerstrom, F.N., Jr., and F. Hamerstrom.  1973.  The prairie chicken in
    Wisconsin - highlights of a 22-year study of counts, behavior, movements,
    turnover and habitat.  Wis. Dep. Nat. Resour. Tech. Bull. 64.  52 pp.
Hamerstrom, F.N., Jr., F. Hopkins and A.J. Rinzel.  1941.  An experimental study
    of browse as winter diet for prairie chickens.  Wilson Bull. 53:185-195.
Hamerstrom, F.N., Jr., O.E. Mattson, and F. Hamerstrom.  1957.  A guide to
    prairie chicken management.  Tech. Wildl. Bull. No. 15.  Wis. Conserv.
    Dept., Madison.  128 pp.
Hanson, T.P.  1994.  Leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L.) control, using angora
    goats.  M.S. Thesis, North Dakota State Univ., Fargo.  111 p.
Hanson, T.P., D. Kirby, C. Sieg Hull and L. Potts.  1992.  Biological control of
    leafy spurge using Angora goats.  Pp. 2-53-2-54 in Proc. Leafy Spurge Task
    Force Symposium.  Great Plains Agric. Council Pub. No. 144.
Harris, P., P.H. Dunn, D. Schroeder and R. Vonmoos.  1985.  Biological control
    of leafy spurge in North America.  Pp. 79-92 in A.K. Watson, ed., Leafy
    Spurge.  Monogr. Series Weed Sci. Soc. Amer., Champaign, IL.
Hatch, P.L.  1892.  First report of the state zoologist, accompanied with notes on
    the birds of Minnesota.  Harrison and Smith Printers, Minneapolis.   

Heady, H.F.  1974.  Theory of seasonal grazing.  Rangeman's J. 1:37-38.
Helgeson, E.A. and E.J. Thompson.  1939.  Control of leafy spurge by sheep. 
    North Dakota Agric. Exp. Sta. Bimonth Bull. 2(1):10-11.
Herman, C.M.  1963.  Disease and infection in the tetraonidae.  J. Wildl.
Hickey, V.G. and R.D. Ensign.  1983.  Kentucky bluegrass seed production
    characteristics as affected by residue management.  Agron. J. 75:107-110.
Higgins, K.F.  1984.  Lightning fires in grasslands in North Dakota and in pine-
    savanna lands in nearby South Dakota and Montana.  J. Range Manage.
Higgins, K.F., A.D. Kruse and J.L. Piehl.  1989a.  Prescribed burning guidelines
    in the Northern Great Plains. Pub. EC 760.  South Dakota State University,
    Brookings.  36 pp.
Higgins, K.F., A.D. Kruse and J.L. Piehl.  1989b.  Effects of fire in the Northern
    Great Plains. Pub. EC 761.  South Dakota State University, Brookings.  47 pp.
Hollifield, B.K. and R.W. Dimmick.  1995.  Arthropod abundance relative to forest
    management practices benefiting ruffed grouse in the southern
    Appalachians.  Wildl. Soc. Bull. 23:756-764.
Horkel, J.D., R.S. Lutz, and N.J. Silvy.  1977.  The influence of environmental
    parameters on nesting success of upland game birds.  Proc. Annu. Conf.
    SE Assoc. Fish and Wildl. Agencies.  31:41-50.
Hurst, G.A.  1970.  The effects of controlled burning on arthropod density and
    biomass in relation to bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) brood habitat. 
    Ph.D. Thesis.  Miss. State Univ., Mississippi State.  61 pp.
Jensen, W.F.  1992.  Historical review of prairie chicken management on the
    Sheyenne National Grasslands.  North Dakota Game and Fish Dept.,
    Bismarck, ND.  155 pp. + Appendix.
Johnson, M.D. and J. Knue.  1989.  Feathers from the prairie.  N. Dak. Game
    and Fish Dep., Bismarck.  292 pp.
Johnston, A. and R.W. Peake.  1969.  Effect of selective grazing by sheep on
    the control of leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L.).  J. Range Manage. 13:192-
Jones, D.P.  1988.  Breeding ecology and habitat use of greater prairie-chickens
    in relation to habitat pattern.  M.S. Thesis.  U. of Missouri, Columbia.  90
Jones, R.E.  1963.  Identification and analysis of lesser and greater prairie
    chicken habitat.  J. Wildl. Manage. 27:757-778.
Kalmbach, E.R.  1939.  Nesting success: its significance in waterfowl
    reproduction.  Trans. N. Am. Wildl. Conf. 4:591-604.
Kimmel, R.O., A.H. Berner, K.J. Harolson and R.J. Welsh.  1994.  Cover quality
    of CRP grasslands.  Wildl. Pops. and Res. Unit Rep.  Minn. Dep. Nat.
    Res., St. Paul.
Kirby, D.R., T.P. Hanson and C.H. Sieg.  1996.  Diets of Angora goats grazing
    leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula) - infested rangeland.  Submitted for publication
    to Weed Tech.
Kirsch, L.M.  1969.  Waterfowl production in relation to grazing.  J. Wildl.
    Manage. 33:821-828.
Kirsch, L.M.  1974.  Habitat management considerations for prairie chickens. 
    Wildl. Soc. Bull. 2:124-129.
Kirsch, L.M. and A.D. Kruse.  1973.  Prairie fires and wildlife.  Proc. Tall Timbers
    Fire Ecol. Conf. 12:289-303.
Kirsch, L.M., A.T. Klett, and H.W. Miller.  1973.  Land use and prairie grouse
    population relationships in North Dakota.  J. Wildl. Manage. 37:449-453.
Kobriger, G.D.  1965.  Status, movements, habitats, and foods of prairie grouse
    on a sandhills refuge.  J. Wildl. Manage. 29:788-800.
Kobriger, J.D. D.P. Vollink, M.E. McNeill and K.F. Higgins.  1988.  Prairie
    chicken populations of the Sheyenne Delta in North Dakota.  Pages 1-7 in A.
    Bjugstad, Tech. Coor. Prairie Chickens on the Sheyenne National
    Grasslands. USDA, Forest Service, Rocky Mtn. Forest and Range Exp. Sta.,
    Fort Collins, CO. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-159.  73 pp.
Kohn, S.C.  1979.  Sharp-tailed grouse nesting and brooding habitat in
    southwestern North Dakota.  Rep. No. 242-A.  N. Dakota Game and Fish
    Dept., Bismarck.  67 pp.
Kohn, S.C.  1976.  Sharp-tailed grouse nesting and brooding habitat in
    southwestern North Dakota.  M.S. Thesis.  South Dakota State University,
    Brookings.  123 pp.
Korschgen, L.J.  1962.  Food habits of greater prairie chickens in Missouri.  Am.
    Midl. Nat. 68:307-318.
Krapu, G.L.  1974.  Feeding ecology of pintail hens during reproduction.  Auk.
Labuda, S.E. and M.E. Morrow.  1993.  Attwater's prairie-chickens - a status and
    recovery update. (Abstract).  Page 27 in Clair E. Baun, ed.  Proc. 20th
    Prairie Grouse Tech. Coun. Conf., Colo. Div. of Wildl., Ft. Collins.
Lacey, C.A., P.K. Fay, R.G. Lym, C.G. Messersmith, B. Maxwell and H. Alley. 
    1985.  Leafy spurge - distribution, biology and control.  Circ. 309, Cooperative
    Extension Service, Montana State University, Bozeman.
Landgraf, B., P.K. Fay and K.M. Havstad.  1984.  Utilization of leafy spurge
    (Euphorbia esula) by sheep.  Weed Sci. 32:348-352.
Leigh, J.H.  1961.  Relative palatability of various varieties of weeping lovegrass
    (Eragrostis curvula (Schrad) Nees).  J. Brit. Grassland Soc. 16:135-140.
Leistritz, F.L., F. Thompson and J.A. Leitch.  1992.  Economic impact of leafy
    spurge (Euphorbia esula) in North Dakota.  Weed Sci. 40:275-280.
Leitch, J.A., F.L. Leistritz and D.A. Bangsund.  1994.  Economic effect of leafy
    spurge in the upper great plains:  Methods, models and results.  Agric. Econ.
    Rep. No. 316, North Dakota State University, Fargo.
Leopold, A.  1931.  Report on a game survey of the north central states.  Am.
    Game Assoc., Washington, D.C.  299 pp.
Lindsay, G.  1967.  Prairie chickens die under crusted snow.  Passenger Pigeon
Lym, R.G. and C.G. Messersmith.  1983.  Control of leafy spurge with
    herbicides.  North Dakota Farm Res. 40:16-19.
Lym, R.G. and D.E. Peterson.  1989.  Leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L.).  Bull.
    W-866.  North Dakota State University Extension Service, Fargo.
Lym, R.G. and D.R. Kirby.  1987.  Cattle foraging behavior in leafy spurge
    (Euphorbia esula) infested rangeland.  Weed Technology 1:314-318.
Lym, R.G., C.G. Messersmith and D.E. Peterson.  1988.  Leafy spurge
    identification and control.  Bull. W-765.  North Dakota State University
    Extension Service, Fargo.
Lym, R.G., C.G. Messersmith and R. Zollinger.  1993.  Leafy spurge
    identification and control.  Bull. W-765 (Revised).  North Dakota State
    University Extension Service, Fargo.
Manske, L.L.  1980.  Habitat, phenology and growth of selected sandhill range
    plants.  Ph.D. Thesis.  North Dakota State University, Fargo.  154 pp.
Manske, L.L.  1987.  Winter activity of prairie grouse on the Sheyenne National
    Grasslands, North Dakota.  Newsletter of Minnesota Prairie Chicken
    Society 13:1-3.
Manske, L.L.  1995a.  Habitat management for the prairie grouse on the
    Sheyenne National Grasslands.  Range Management Report, North Dakota
    State University, Dickinson Research Extension Center, Dickinson.
Manske, L.L.  1995b.  Management considerations for the western prairie fringed
    orchid.  Range Management Report, North Dakota State University, Dickinson
    Research Extension Center, Dickinson.
Manske, L.L.  1995c.  Adaptive tolerance mechanisms in grass plants.  Range
    Management Report, North Dakota State University, Dickinson Research
    Extension Center, Dickinson, ND.
Manske, L.L. and J.A. Onsager.  1996.  Grasshopper populations can be
    reduced by grazing management.  DREC 96-1014.  N. Dakota State
    Univ., Dickinson Research Extension Center, Dickinson.   3 pp.
Manske, L.L. and W.T. Barker.  1981.  The prairie grouse on the Sheyenne
    National Grasslands.  Res. Rep. North Dakota State University, Fargo.  238
Manske, L.L., and W.T. Barker.  1988.  Habitat usage by prairie grouse on the
    Sheyenne National Grasslands.  Pages 8-20 in A.J. Bjugstad Tech.
    Coord. Symp. Proc., Prairie Chickens on the Sheyenne National
    Grasslands.  Gen. Tech. Rep. Rm-159.  USDA, Forest Service, Rocky
    Mtn. Forest and Range Exp. Sta., Fort Collins, CO.  73 pp.
Manske, L.L., W.T. Barker and M.E. Biondini.  1988.  Effects of grazing
    management treatment on grassland plant communities and prairie grouse
    habitat.  Pages 58-72 in A. Bjugstad, Tech. Coor. Prairie Chickens on the
    Sheyenne National Grasslands. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-159.  USDA, Forest
    Service, Rocky Mtn. Forest and Range Exp. Sta., Fort Collins, CO.  73 pp.
Marshall, W.H.  1963.  Radio tracking of porcupines and ruffed grouse.  Pages
    173-178 in L.E. Slater ed.  Bio-Telemetry - the use of telemetry in animal
    behavior and physiology in relation to ecological problems.  Pergamon
    Press, New York.  372 pp.
Mattise. S.N.  1978.  Effects of grazing systems on sharp-tailed grouse habitat. 
    M.S. Thesis.  South Dakota State University, Brookings.  46 pp.
McCarthy, C., L. Potts, and B. Braun.  1995a.  1994 Prairie chicken habitat
    monitoring report on the Sheyenne National Grasslands.  U.S. Forest
    Service, Lisbon, ND.
McCarthy, C., G. Link, and T. Pella.  1995b.  Status of greater prairie chicken
    habitats on the Sheyenne National Grasslands in North Dakota.  Pages 9-
    11 in J. Kobriger ed.  Proc. 21st Prairie Grouse Tech. Coun. Conf. North
    Dakota Game and Fish Dep., Dickinson.
McKee, G.  1995.  Ecology of greater prairie-chickens in relation to habitat
    characteristics in southwestern Missouri.  M.S. Thesis.  University of
    Missouri, Columbia.  112 pp.
Mechlin, L.  1991.  Species management plan for the greater prairie chicken in
    Missouri.  Missouri Dep. of Cons., Jefferson City.  68 pp.
Messersmith, C.G. and R.G. Lym.  1983.  Distribution and economic impacts of
    leafy spurge in North Dakota.  North Dakota Farm Res. 40:8-13.
Messersmith, C.G., R.G. Lym, D.S. Galitz  1985.  Biology of leafy spurge.  Pp.
    42-56 in A.K.Watson, ed. Leafy Spurge.  Weed Science Society of America,
    Champaign, IL.
Minnesota Natural Heritage Program.  1995.  Status of Platanthera praeclara in
    Minnesota with results of 1994 surveys and monitoring.  Report to USFWS,
    Div. of Endangered Species, Fort Snelling, Minnesota.
Nelson, W.T.  1986.  Grassland habitat type classification of the Sheyenne
    National Grasslands of southeastern North Dakota.  M.S. Thesis.  North
    Dakota State University, Fargo.  138 pp.
Newell, J.A.  1987.  Nesting and brood-rearing ecology of the greater prairie
    chicken in the Sheyenne National Grasslands, North Dakota.  M.S.
    Thesis.  Montana State University, Bozeman.  111 pp.
Newell, J.A., J.E. Toepfer and R.L. Eng.  1988a.  Nesting and brood rearing
    ecology of the greater prairie chicken in the Sheyenne National Grasslands,
    North Dakota.  Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Exper. Sta., U.S. Forest
    Service and Fish and Wildlife Program, Montana State University Agreement
    No. 28-C2-204.  
Newell, J.A., J.E. Toepfer, and M.A. Rumble.  1988b.  Summer brood-rearing
    ecology of the greater prairie chicken on the Sheyenne National
    Grasslands.  Pages 24-31 in A. Bjugstad, Tech. Coor. Prairie chickens on
    the Sheyenne National Grasslands.  U.S. Dep. Agric., For. Serv. Gen.
    Tech. Rep. RM.-159.
Noble, E.R. and G.A. Noble.  1971.  Parasitology - the biology of animal
    parasites.  Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia.  617 pp.
Noetzel, D.M.  1990.  Grasshopper management.  Ext. Bull. No. AG-FO-3936. 
    U. of Minnesota, St. Paul.  10 pp.
North Dakota Department of Agriculture.  1995.  Biological control of leafy
    spurge.  North Dakota Department of Agriculture, Bismarck, ND.
Olsen, F.W. and R.M. Hansen.  1977.  Food relations of wild free-roaming
    horses to livestock and big game on Red Desert of Wyoming.  J. Range
    Manage. 30:17-20.
Ordal, N.  1962.  A study of land-use practices in Otter Tail County, Minnesota. 
    Pages 97-151 in Land-use as it affects waterfowl nesting success in
    Minnesota.  Minnesota P-R Rep. Vol. 22:97-151.
Osterndorff, E.A., R.L. Honeycutt, and N.J. Silvy.  1995.  Conservation genetics
    of Attwater's prairie chicken.  (Abstract).  Pages 13-14 in J. Kobriger, ed. 
    Proc. 21st Prairie Grouse Tech. Coun. Conf.  N. Dakota Game and Fish
    Conf., Dickinson.
Pemble, R.H., G.L. Van Amburg, and L. Mattson.  1981.  Intraspectific variation
    in flowering activity following a spring burn.  Pages 235-240 in R.L. Stuckey
    and K.J. Reese, eds.  The prairie peninusla - in the "shadow" of Transeau: 
    Proc. 6th N. Am. Prairie Conf. Columbus, Ohio.
Potts, L.R.  1995.  Environmental assessment - vegetation manipulation in 1995
    for the Sheyenne National Grassland.  USDA, Forest Service, Custer National
    Forest, Sheyenne National Grasslands, Lisbon, ND.  
Prose, B.L.  1985.  Habitat suitability index models: greater prairie-chicken
    (multiple levels of resolution).  Biol. Rep. No. 82 (10.102).  U.S. Fish and
    Wildlife Service, Fort Collins, CO.  33 pp.
Prosser, C.W.  1995.  Multi-species grazing of leafy spurge-infested rangeland
    in North Dakota.  M.S. Thesis.  North Dakota State University, Fargo.
Purvis, J.R. and N.J. Silvy.  1995.  Implications of disease as possible reason for
    decline of Attwater's prairie chicken.  (Abstract).  Page 14 in J. Kobriger
    Proc. 21st Prairie Grouse Coun. Conf., North Dakota Game and Fish
    Dep., Dickinson.
Rice, L.A. and A.V. Carter.  1982.  Evaluation of South Dakota grassland
    management practices as they affect prairie chicken populations, 1974 -
    1978.  Completion Report No 84-11, South Dakota Department of Game, Fish
    and Parks, Pierre.  25 pp.
Robel, R.J., J.N. Briggs, A.D. Dayton, and L.C. Hulbert.  1970a.  Relationship
    between visual obstruction measurements and weight of grassland
    vegetation.  J. Range Manage. 23:295-297.
Robel, R.J., J.N. Briggs, J.J. Cebula, N.J. Silvy, C.E. Viers, and P.G. Watt. 
    1970b.  Greater prairie chicken ranges, movements, and habitat usage in
    Kansas.  J. Wildl. Manage. 34:286-306.
Rosenquist, E.L.  1996.  Winter survival, habitat use, and movements of greater
    prairie chickens in western Minnesota.  Draft M.S. Thesis.  St. Cloud
    State University.
Rosenquist, E.L. and J.E. Toepfer.  1995.  A preliminary report on the winter
    ecology of the greater prairie chicken in northwest Minnesota.  (Abstract). 
    Pages 15-16, in J. Kobriger, ed.  Proc. 21st Prairie Grouse Tech. Coun.
    Conf.  North Dakota Game and Fish Dept., Dickinson.
Rumble, M.A., J.A. Newell, and J.E. Toepfer.  1988.  Diets of greater prairie
    chickens on the Sheyenne National Grasslands.  Pages 49-54 in A.J.
    Bjugstad, Tech. Coor. Symp. Proc., Prairie chickens on the Sheyenne
    National Grasslands.  Gen. Tech. Rep. Rm-159.  Rocky Mtn. For. Range
    Exp. Stat., U.S. Forest Service, Fort Collins.  73 pp.
Schmidt, F.J.W.  1936.  Winter food of the sharp-tailed grouse and pinnated
    grouse in Wisconsin.  Wilson Bull. 48:186-203.
Schroeder, M.A. and C.E. Braun.  1992.  Seasonal movement and habitat use by
    greater prairie-chickens in northeastern Colorado.  Special Rep. No. 68. 
    Colo. Div. of Wildl., Fort Collins.  44 pp.
Schwartz, C.W.  1945.  The ecology of the prairie chicken in Missouri. 
    University of Missouri Studies. 20:1-99.
Scott, M.L., E.R. Holm and R.E. Reynolds.  1955.  Effect of diet on the ability of
    young pheasant chicks to withstand the stress of cold, drenching rain. 
    Poultry Scien. 34:949-956.
Sedivec, K.K.  1995.  Rangeland, livestock and noxious weeds.  Western Weed
    Team, Bureau of Land Management, Billings, MT.
Sedivec, K.K. and R.P. Maine.  1993.  Angora goat grazing as a biological
    control for leafy spurge:  A three-year summary.  in Proc. 1993 Leafy Spurge
    Symposium, July 26-28, Cranby, CO.
Sedivec, K.K. and W.T. Barker.  1989.  Effects of grazing systems on upland
    nesting birds in south central North Dakota.  Phase III.  North Dakota State
    University, Fargo.  125 pp.
Sedivec, K.K., W.T. Barker and T.A. Messmer.  1994.  Biological control of leafy
    spurge using Angora goats.  Department of Animal and Range Sciences
    Annual Report, North Dakota State University, Fargo.
Selleck, G.W.  1972.  The antibiotic effect of plants in laboratory and field. 
    Weed Sci. 20:189-194.
Sharp, W.M.  1957.  Social and range dominance in Gallinaceous birds,
    pheasants and prairie grouse.  J. Wildl. Manage. 21:242-244.
Shelford, V.E. and R.E. Yeatter.  1955.  Some suggested relations of prairie
    chicken abundance to physical factors, especially rainfall and solar
    radiation.  J. Wildl. Manage. 19:234-242.
Sieg, C.H. and A.J.Bjugstad.  1994.  Five years of following the western prairie
    fringed orchid (Platanthera praeclara) on the Sheyenne National Grasslands. 
    Pages 141-146 in Proc. 13th North American Prairie Conference, 6-9 August,
    1992, Windsor, Ontario, Canada.
Sieg, C.H. and R.M. King.  1995.  Influence of environmental factors and
    preliminary demographic analyses of a threatened orchid, Platanthera
    praeclara.  Am. Midl. Nat. 134:307-323.
Silvy, N.J.  1969.  Movements, monthly ranges, reproductive behavior, and
    mortality of radio-tagged greater prairie chickens.  M.S. Thesis.  Kansas
    State University, Manhattan.  135 pp.
Sisson, L.  1976.  The sharp-tailed grouse in Nebraska.  Neb. Game and Parks
    Comm., Lincoln.  88 pp.
Skinner, R.M.  1977.  A comparison of grassland structure and prairie chicken
    use in Missouri. (Abstract).  Page 12 in L.A. Rice, ed.  Proc. 12th Prairie
    Grouse Tech. Coun. Conf.  South Dakota Dep. Game, Fish, and Parks,
Smith, B.  1995.  Attwater's prairie chicken captive population update:
    Yesterday, today, and tomorrow.  Page 16 in J. Kobriger, ed.  Proc. 21st
    Prairie Grouse Tech. Coun. Conf.  North Dakota Game and Fish Dept.,
Southwood, T.R.E. and D.J. Cross.  1969.  The ecology of the partridge.  III. 
    Breeding success and the abundance of insects in natural habitats.  J.
    Animal Ecol. 38:497-509.  
Sovada, M.A., A.B. Sargeant, and J.W. Grier.  Differential effects of coyotes and
    red foxes on duck nest success.  J. Wildl. Manage. 59:1-9.
Sparling, D.W.  1979.  Reproductive isolating mechanisms and communication
    of greater prairie chickens (Tympanuchus cupido) and sharp-tailed
    grouse (Pedioecetes phasinellus).  Ph.D. Diss.  U of North Dakota, Grand
    Forks.  238 pp.
Sparling, D.W.  1981.  Communication in prairie grouse: ethological isolating
    mechanisms.  Behav. and Neur. Biol. 32:487-503.
Steenhagen, D.A. and R.L. Zimdahl.  1979.  Allelopathy of leafy spurge
    (Euphorbia esula).  Weed Sci. 27(1):1-3.
Svedarsky, W.D.  1979.  Spring and summer ecology of female greater prairie
    chickens in northwestern Minnesota.  Ph.D. Diss.  U of North Dakota, Grand
    Forks.  166 pp.
Svedarsky, W.D.  1988.  Reproductive ecology of female greater prairie
    chickens in Minnesota.  Pages 193-267 in A.T. Bergerud and M.W.
    Gratson, eds.  Adaptive strategies and population ecology of northern
    grouse.  U. of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.  419 pp. 
Svedarsky, W.D. and T.J. Kalahar.  1980.  Female sharp-tailed grouse copulates
    with greater prairie chicken in Minnesota.  Wilson Bull. 92:260-261.
Svedarsky, W.D., P.E. Buckley and T.A. Feiro.  1986.  Effects of 13 years of
    annual burning on an aspen-prairie ecotone in northwestern Minnesota. 
    Pages 118-122 in G.K. Clambey, W.C. Whitman and R.H. Pemble, eds.  Proc.
    9th North American Prairie Conf., Moorhead, MN.

Swanson, G.A., M.I. Meyer and J.R. Serie.  1974.  Feeding ecology of breeding
    blue-winged teals.  J. Wildl. Manage. 38:396-407.
Toepfer, J.E.  1988.  The ecology of the greater prairie chicken as related to
    reintroductions.  Ph.D. Thesis.  Montana State University, Bozeman.  533
Toepfer, J.E. and R.E. Eng.  1988.  Winter ecology of the greater prairie chicken
    on the Sheyenne National Grasslands, North Dakota.  Pages 32-48 in
    A.J. Bjugstad, Tech. Coor. Symp. Proc., Prairie Chickens on the
    Sheyenne National Grasslands.  Gen. Tech. Rep. Rm-159.  R.M. For.
    Range Exp. Sta., U.S. Forest Service, Fort Collins, CO.  73 pp.
Toepfer, J.E., R.E. Eng, and R.K. Anderson.  1990.  Translocating prairie
    grouse: What have we learned?  Trans. 55 N.A. Wildl. and Nat. Res.
    Conf. 55:569-579.
Toney, T.E.  1980.  Foods of prairie chickens on managed prairie.  Pages 81-84
    in P.A. Vohs, ed.  Proc. Prairie Grouse Symp.  Oklahoma State University,
Valentine, J.E.  1990.  Grazing management.  Academic Press, Inc., San Diego,
    CA.  533 pp.
Van Amburg, G.L., J.A. Swaby and R.H. Pemble.  1981.  Response of
    arthropods to a spring burn of tall grass prairie in northwestern
    Minnesota.  Pages 240-244 in R.L. Stuckey and K.J. Reese, eds.  The
    prairie peninsula - in the "shadow" of Transeau:  Proc. 6th N. Am. Prairie
    Conf. Columbus, Ohio.
Van Ningen, P.C.  1995.  Comments on the environmental assessment -
    vegetation manipulation in 1995 for the Sheyenne National Grasslands.
    USDA, Forest Service, Custer National Forest, Sheyenne National
    Grasslands, Lisbon, ND.
Van Poollen, H.W. and J.R. Lacey.  1979.  Herbage response to grazing
    systems and stocking intensities.  J. Range Manage. 32:250-253.
Viers, C.E.  1967.  Home range and movements of the greater prairie chicken
    with notes on activities.  M.S. Thesis.  Kansas State University,
    Manhattan.  78 pp.
Wanek, W.J.  1965.  The grassland vegetation of the sandhills region of
    southeastern North Dakota.  M.S. Thesis.  North Dakota State University,
    Fargo, ND.  145 p.
Weaver, J.E. and F.E. Clements.  1938.  Plant ecology.  2nd ed.  McGraw Hill,
    New York, NY.  601 pp.
Webb, W.E.  1872.  Buffalo land.  Hubbard Bros., Philadelphia, PA.  503 pp.
Westemeier, R.L.  1971.  The history and ecology of prairie chickens in central
    Wisconsin.  Coll. Agric. and Life Sciences, Res. Bull. No. 281.  U. of
    Wisconsin, Madison.  63 pp.
Westemeier, R.L.  1973.  Prescribed burning in grassland management for
    prairie chickens in Illinois.  Pages 317-338 in Proc. Tall Timbers Fire
    Ecology Conf.  Tall Timbers Res. Sta., Tallahassee, FL.
Westemeier, R.L.  1980.  Greater prairie chickens status and management -
    1968-1979.  Pages 8-17 in P.A. Vohs, ed.  Proc. Prairie Grouse Symp.
    Oklahoma State University, Stillwater.
Westemeier, R.L.  1985.  Management plan for native prairie-chickens in Illinois. 
    W-66-R.  IL Nat. Hist. Surv., Effingham.
Westemeier, R.L.  1988.  Development of prairie pasture demonstration areas,
    phase II.  ENR Contract No. Elt 17.  Final report.  IL Nat. Hist. Surv.,
Westemeier, R.L.  1990.  Prairie-chicken research report to cooperators.  IL Nat.
    Hist. Surv., Effingham.
Westemeier, R.L. and W.R. Edwards.  1987.  Prairie-Chickens:  Survival in the
    Midwest.  Pages 119-131 in H. Kallman, ed.  Restoring America's wildlife
    1937-1987.  U.S.D.I., FWS.  Sup. Documents, Gov. Print. Office,
    Washington, D.C.  394 pp.
Westemeier, R.L., R.W. Jansen, and S.A. Simpson.  1995.  Nest and brood
    habitat used by translocated greater prairie chickens in Illinois. 
    (Abstract).  Page 17 in J. Kobriger, ed.  Proc. 21st Prairie Grouse
    Technical Council Conf.  ND Game and Fish Dept., Dickinson.
Wilson, A.D.  1986.  Principles of grazing management systems.  Proc. Int.
    Rangeland Cong. 2:221-225.
Wolters, G.L., C.H. Sieg, A.J. Bjugstad and F.R. Gartner.  1994.  Herbicide and
    fire effects on leafy spurge density and seed germination.  Rocky Mountain
    Forest and Range Exp. Sta. Research Note RM-526, Fort Collins, CO.
Wright, H.A. and A.W. Bailey.  1982.  Fire ecology; United States and southern
    Canada.  John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York.  501 pp.
Yeatter, R.E.  1943.  The prairie chicken in Illinois.  Illinois. Natur. Hist. Surv.
    Bull. 22:377-416.
Zedler, J. and O.L. Loucks.  1969.  Differential burning response of Poa
    pratensis fields and Andropogon scoparius  prairies in central Wisconsin.  Am.
    Midl. Nat. 81:341-352.
Zwickel, F.C. and J.F. Bendell.  1966.  Early mortality and the regulation of
    numbers in blue grouse.  Can. J. Zool. 45:817-851.

Previous Section -- Recommendations
Return to Contents

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
Page Contact Information: Webmaster
Page Last Modified: Friday, 01-Feb-2013 19:55:56 EST
Sioux Falls, SD [sdww54]