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Piping Plovers and Least Terns of
the Great Plains and Nearby

A draft protocol for assessing piping plover reproductive success
on Great Plains alkali lakes

Literature cited


Alberico, J.A.R.  1995.  Floating eggs to estimate incubation stage does not
     affect hatchability.  Wildl Soc Bull 23:212-216

Bart, J.  1977.  Impact of human visitations on avian nesting success.  Living 
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Cairns, W.E.  1982.  Biology and behavior of breeding piping plovers.  Wilson 
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Cowardin, L.M., V. Carter, F.C. Golet, E.T. LaRoe.  1979.  Classification of 
     wetland and deepwater habitats of the United States.  Fish & Wildlife 
     Service FWS/OBS 79/31.  103pp.

Flint, P.L., K.H. Pollock, D. Thomas, J.S. Sedinger.  1995.  Estimating 
     prefledging survival: allowing for brood-mixing and dependence among brood 
     mates. J Wildl Manage 59:448-455.

Goldin, M.R.  1994.  Recommended monitoring and management methodology and 
     techniques for piping plovers (Charadrius melodus). Unpubl rpt. 
     Hadley, Ma: Fish & Wildlife Service. 15pp.

Haig, S.M.  1985.  Status of the piping plover in Canada.  Comm. Status Endangered 
     Wildl Canada, Natl Mus Canada, Ottawa.

Haig, S.M.  1992. Piping plover Charadrius melodus.  Pp 1-18 in (F.B. Gill 
     and A. Poole, eds) Birds of North America no 2.  Philadelphia: Acad Nat Sci.

Haig, S.M., L.W. Oring. 1988. Mate, site, and territory fidelity in the piping 
     plover.  Auk 105:268-277.

Haig, S.M., J.H. Plissner.  1993.  Distribution and abundance of piping plovers: 
     results and implications of the 1991 international census.  Condor 95:145-156.

Hays, H., M. Lecroy.  1971.  Field criteria for determining incubation stage in 
     eggs of the common tern. Wilson Bull 83:425-429.

Johnson, D.H.  1979.  Estimating nest success: the Mayfield method and an 
     alternative.  Auk 96:651-661.

Johnson, D.H., T.L. Shaffer.  1990.  Estimating nest success: when Mayfield wins.
     Auk 107:595-600.

Klett, A.T., H.F. Duebbert, C.A. Faanes, K.F. Higgins.  1986.  Techniques for 
     studying nest success of ducks in upland habitats in the Prairie Pothole 
     Region.  Fish & Wildlife Service resource pub 158. 24pp.

Mabee, T.J.  1997.  Using eggshell evidence to determine nest fate of shorebirds.  
     Wilson Bull 109:307-313.

MacIvor, L.H.  1990.  Population dynamics, breeding ecology, and management of 
     piping plovers on Outer Cape Cod, Massachusetts. M.S. thesis, Amherst: Uni. 
     Massachusetts. 100pp.

MacIvor, L.H., S.M. Melvin, C.R. Griffin.  1990.  Effects of research activity on 
     piping plover nest predation. J Wildl Manage 54:443-447.

Mayer, P.M., M.R. Ryan.  1991.  Electric fences reduce mammalian predation on 
     piping plover nests and chicks. Wildl Soc Bull 19:59-63
Mayfield, H. 1975. Suggestions for calculating nest success. Wilson Bull 87:456-466. Melvin, S.M., L.H. MacIvor, C.R. Griffin. 1992. Predator exclosures: a technique to reduce predation at piping plover nests. Wildl Soc Bull 20:143-148. Nordstrom, L.H., M.R. Ryan. 1996. Invertebrate abundance at occupied and potential piping plover nesting beaches: Great Plains alkali wetlands vs. the Great Lakes. Wetlands 16:429-435. Picozzi, N. 1975. Crow Predation on marked nests. J Wildl Manage 39:151-155. Plissner, J.H., S.M. Haig. 1997. 1996 international piping plover census. Corvallis: U.S. Geol Surv, Bio. Resour. Div. Prindiville Gaines, E.M., M.R. Ryan. 1988. Piping plover habitat use and reproductive success in North Dakota. J Wildl Manage 52:266-273. Ryan, M.R., B.G. Root, P.M. Mayer. 1993. Status of piping plovers in the Great Plains of North America: a demographic simulation model. Conserv Biol 7:581-585. Sargeant, A.B., R.J. Greenwood, M.A. Sovada, T.L. Shaffer. 1993. Distribution and abundance of predators that affect duck production - Prairie Pothole Region. Fish & Wildlife Service resource pub 194. 96pp. Sidle, J. 1985. Piping plover proposed as an endangered and threatened species. Federal Register 49:44712-44715. Smith, K.A., R.K. Murphy, D.L. Michaelson, W.C. Viehl. 1993 Habitat and predation management of nesting piping plovers at Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge, North Dakota. Prairie Nat 25:139-147. Smith, W.L. 1991. Piping plover nesting and habitat studies in northeast Montana. M.S. thesis. Morgantown: West Virginia Univ. 75pp. Steenhof, K, M.N. Kochert. 1982. Evaluation of methods used to estimate raptor nesting success. J Wildl Manage 46:885-893. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 1988. Great Lakes and northern Great Plains piping plover recovery plan. USF&WS 160 pp. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 1994. Draft revised recovery plan for piping plovers, Charadrius melodus, breeding on the Great Lakes and northern Great Plains of the United States. Twin Cities: USF&WS. 120pp. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 1996. Piping plover (Charadrius melodus), Atlantic Coast population: revised recovery plan. Hadley, Mass: UOSF&WS. 245pp. Vaske, J.J., D.W. Rimmer, R.D. Deblinger. 1994. Impact of different predator exclosures on piping plover nest abandonment. J Field Ornithol 65:201-209. Westerkov, K. 1950. Methods for determining the age of game bird eggs. J Wildl Manage 14:56-67. Whyte, A.J. 1985. Breeding ecology of the piping plover (Caradrius melodus) in central Saskatchewan. M.S. thesis. Saskatoon: Univ Saskatchewan. 126pp. Wilcox, L. 1959. Twenty year banding study of the piping plover. Auk 76:129-152. Winterstein, S.R. 1992. Chi-square tests for intrabrood independence when using the Mayfield method. J Wildl Manage 56:398-402.

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