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Predictable Interregional Movements by Female Northern Pintails During Winter

Tables


Table 1.  Synoptic weather types used by Louisiana Office of State Climatology.
Weather type Characteristics1
Pacific High Fair, mild, and dry; winds west to northwest
Continental High Fair, cold, and dry; winds north to northwest
Coastal Return Fair and mild; winds northeast, east, or southeast
Gulf High High barometric pressure; maritime tropical air; winds southwest
Gulf Return Cold front approaching, but too far away to affect weather yet; variable cloudiness and becoming warm; winds east, southeast, or south
Frontal Gulf Return2 Turbulent and stormy as cold front approaches; winds typically southwest
Frontal Overrunning2 Cloudy and rainy conditions associated with a cold front that has become stationary; winds northeast
Gulf Tropical Disturbance2 Stormy, turbulent weather associated with approaching tropical depressions or hurricanes
1 See Muller and Willis (1983) for complete descriptions.
2 Classified as stormy for analysis; remainder classified as fair.

 

Table 2.  Daily emigration probabilities and 95% confidence intervals for female Northern Pintails captured and radiotagged in southwestern Louisiana in relation to weather for each winter.
Winter Weather Probability 95% confidence interval
1990-1991 Stormy 0.0035 0.0014-0.0086
Fair 0.0005 0.0001-0.0037
1991-1992 Stormy 0.0049 0.0022-0.0108
Fair 0.0033 0.0020-0.0054
1992-1993 Stormy 0.0024 0.0011-0.0055
Fair 0.0086 0.0060-0.0122

 

Table 3.  Daily emigration probabilities and 95% confidence intervals in relation to time period and weather for female Northern Pintails captured and radiotagged in southwestern Louisiana during winters 1990-1991 through 1992-1993.
Time period1 Weather Probability 95% confidence interval
PRE Stormy 0.0003 0.0001-0.0022
Fair 0.0019 0.0010-0.0035
FHUNT Stormy 0.0282 0.0217-0.0367
Fair 0.0118 0.0076-0.0183
SPLIT Stormy 0.0078 0.0050-0.0121
Fair 0.0046 0.0020-0.0107
SHUNT Stormy 0.0227 0.0153-0.0335
Fair 0.0204 0.0109-0.0379
POST Stormy 0.0147 0.0105-0.0207
Fair 0.0039 0.0019-0.0081
1 PRE = pre-hunting season; FHUNT = first hunting season; SPLIT = time between hunting seasons; SHUNT = second hunting season; POST = post-hunting season.

 

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