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Habitat Establishment, Enhancement and Management for Forest and Grassland Birds in Illinois


  1. Terborgh, J. 1992. Why american songbirds are vanishing. Scientific American 266:98-104.

  2. Carson, R. Silent Spring. Houghton Mifflin, Boston, MA.

  3. Illinois Wildlife Habitat Commission. 1985. The Crisis of Wildlife Habitat in Illinois Today. Illinois Department of Conservation, Springfield, 26pp.

  4. Iverson, L.R., R.L. Oliver, D.P. Tucker, P.G. Risser, C.D. Burnett, and R.G. Rayburn. 1989. The forest resources of Illinois: an analysis of spatial and temporal trends. Illinois Natural History Survey. Special Publication No. 11. 181pp.

  5. Szafoni, R.E. 1992. Forest fragmentation - the breaking up of wildlife's home. Illinois Steward 1:6-8.

  6. Droege, S. 1991. Breeding bird survey trends: 1965-1989 & 1980-1989. Illinois Birds and Birding 7:5-9.

  7. Leopold, A. 1933. Game management. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, NY. 481pp.

  8. Giles, R.H. ed. 1969. Wildlife management techniques. 3rd edition. The Wildlife Society, Washington D.C. 623pp.

  9. Faaborg, J. 1980. Potential uses and abuses of diversity concepts in wildlife management. Transactions of the Missouri Academy of Sciences 14:41-49.

  10. Reese, K.P. and J.T. Ratti. 1988. Edge effect: a concept under scrutiny. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 53:127-136.

  11. Robinson, S.K. 1988. Reappraisal of costs and benefits of habitat heterogeneity for nongame wildlife. Transactions of the North American Natural Resources Conference 53:145-155.

  12. Martin, T.E. 1992. Breeding productivity considerations: what are the appropriate habitat features for management? pp 455-473 in J.M. Hagan and D.W. Johnson, editors, Ecology and Conservation of Neotropical Migrant Landbirds. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. 609pp.

  13. Warner, R.E. 1985. Demography and movements of free ranging domestic cats in rural Illinois. Journal of Wildlife Management 49:340-346.

  14. Wilcove, D.S. 1985. Nest predation in forest tracts and the decline of migratory songbirds. Ecology 66:1211-1214.

  15. Yahner, R.H. 1988. Changes in wildlife communities near edges. Conservation Biology 2:333-339.

  16. Johnson, R.G. and S.A. Temple. 1990. Nest predation and brood parasitism of tallgrass prairie birds. Journal of Wildlife Management 54:106-111

  17. Jackson, N.H. and D.D. Roby. 1992. Fecundity and egg-laying patterns of captive yearling brown-headed cowbirds. Condor 94:585-589.

  18. Roby, D.D., unpublished data.

  19. Brittingham, M.C. and S.A. Temple. 1983. Have cowbirds caused forest songbirds to decline? Bioscience 33:31-35.

  20. Robinson, S.K., J.A. Grzybowski, S.I. Rothstein, M.C. Brittingham, L.J. Petit, and F.R. Thompson. (In Press). Management implications of cowbird parasitism for neotropical migrant songbirds. Status and Management of Neotropical Migrant Birds. U.S. Forest Service.

  21. Ehrlich, P.R., D.S. Dobkin, and D. Wheye. 1988. The birder's handbook. Simon and Schuster Inc. New York. 785 p.

  22. May, R.M. and S.K. Robinson. 1985. Population dynamics of avian brood parasitism. American Naturalist 126:475-494.

  23. Robinson, S.K. 1992. Population dynamics of breeding Neotropical migrants in a fragmented Illinois landscape. pp 408-418 in J.M. Hagan and D.W. Johnson, editors, Ecology and Conservation of Neotropical Migrant Landbirds. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. 609pp.

  24. Johnson, D.W. and J.M. Hagan III. 1992. An analysis of long-term breeding bird censuses from eastern deciduous forests. pp. 75-84 in J.M. Hagen III and D.W. Johnson eds. Ecology and Conservation of Neotropical Landbirds. Smithsonian Institute Press. 609pp.

  25. Samson, F.B. 1980. Island biogeography and the conservation of prairie birds. Proceeding of the 7th North American Prairie Conference:293-299.

  26. Herkert, J.R. 1991. An ecological study of the breeding birds of grassland habitats within Illinois. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Illinois, Urbana. 115pp.

  27. Askins, R.A., M.J. Philbrick, and D.S. Sugeno. 1987. Relationship between the regional abundance of forest and the composition of forest bird communities. Biological Conservation 39:129-52.

  28. Freemark, K. and B. Collins. 1992. Landscape ecology of birds breeding in temperate forest fragments. pp. 443-454 in J.M. Hagan and D.W. Johnson, editors, Ecology and Conservation of Neotropical Migrant Landbirds. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. 609pp.

  29. Bohlen, H. D. 1989. The birds of Illinois. Indiana University Press. Bloomington. 221pp.

  30. Hagen, J.M. III and D.W. Johnson eds. Ecology and Conservation of Neotropical Landbirds. Smithsonian Institute Press. 609pp.

  31. Robbins, C.S. 1988. Forest fragmentation and its effects on birds. pp. 61-65 in Managing North Central forests for non-timber values. J.E. Johnson (ed). SAF publication 88-04. Society of American Foresters.

  32. Bushman, E.S. and G.D. Therres. 1988. Habitat management guidelines for forest interior breeding birds of costal Maryland. Maryland Department of Natural Resources; Forest, Park, and Wildlife Service, Wildlife Technical Publications 88-1. Annapolis.

  33. Stoddart, L.A., A.D. Smith, and T.W. Box. 1975. Range management. McGraw-Hill Book Co. New York, NY. 532pp.

  34. Robinson, S.K., unpublished data.

  35. Medin, D.E. and G.D. Booth. 1989. Responses of birds and small mammals to single-tree selection logging in Idaho. U.S. Forest Service Research Paper INT-408. 11pp.

  36. Robinson, S.K., personal communication.

  37. Blake, J.G. 1986. Species-area relationship of migrants in isolated woodlots in east-central Illinois. Wilson Bulletin 98:291-296.

  38. Moore, F.R. and T.R. Simons. 1992. Habitat suitability and stopover ecology of Neotropical landbird migrants. pp. 345-355 in J.M. Hagan and D.W. Johnson, editors, Ecology and Conservation of Neotropical Migrant Landbirds. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. 609pp.

  39. Ridgway, R. 1889. The ornithology of Illinois. Vol. I. Illinois State Laboratory of Natural History. 520pp.

  40. Schwegman, J. 1983. Illinois prairie, then and now. Illinois Audubon Bulletin 205:2-14.

  41. Graber, R.R. and J.W. Graber. 1963. A comparative study of bird populations in Illinois, 1906-1909, and 1956-58. Illinois Natural History Bulletin 28:383-519.

  42. Herkert, J.R. 1991. Prairie birds of Illinois: population response to two centuries of habitat change. Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin 34:393-399.

  43. Nelson, E.W. 1876. Birds of northeastern Illinois. Bulletin of the Essex Institute 8:89-155.

  44. Westemeier, R.L., and W.R. Edwards. 1987. Prairie-chickens: survival in the Midwest. pages 119-131 in H. Kallman, ed. Restoring America's wildlife 1937-1987. U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. Sup. Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. 394pp.

  45. Herkert, J.R. ed. 1992. Endangered and threatened species of Illinois: status and distribution, Part 2 - Animals. Illinois Endangered Species Protection Board, Springfield. 142pp.

  46. Warner, R.E. and S.L. Etter. 1989. Hay cutting and the survival of pheasants: a long-term perspective. Journal of Wildlife Management 53:455-461.

  47. Brennan, L.A. 1991. How can we reverse the northern bobwhite population decline. Wildlife Society Bulletin 19:544-555.

  48. Herkert, J.R. 1991. Study suggests increases in restored prairie fragments to conserve breeding bird communities (Illinois). Restoration and Management Notes 9:107.

  49. Kahl, R.B., T.S. Baskett, J.A. Ellis, and J.N. Burroughs. 1985. Characteristics of summer habitats of selected nongame birds in Missouri. University of Missouri-Columbia, College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station, Research Bulletin 1056. 155pp.

  50. Zimmerman, J.L. 1988. Breeding season habitat selection by the Henslow's sparrow (Ammodramus henslowii) in Kansas. Wilson Bulletin 100:17-24.

  51. Ryan, M.R. 1990. A dynamic approach to the conservation and management of the prairie ecosystem in the Midwest. pp 93-106 in J.M. Sweeney, ed. Management of dynamic ecosystems. North Central Section, The Wildlife Society, West Lafayette, IN.

  52. Ratti, J.T. and K.P. Reese. 1988. Preliminary test of the ecological trap hypothesis. Journal of Wildlife Management 52:484-491.

  53. Burger, L.D. 1988. Relations between forest and prairie fragmentation and depredation of artificial nests in Missouri. M.S. thesis, University of Missouri, Columbia.

  54. Skinner, R.M., T.S. Baskett, and M.D. Blenden. 1984. Bird habitat on Missouri prairies. Terrestrial Series #14. Missouri Department of Conservation. Jefferson City, MO. 42p.

  55. Bollinger, E.K., P.B. Bollinger, and T.A. Gavin. 1990. Effects of hay-cropping on eastern populations of the bobolink. Wildlife Society Bulletin 18:142-150.

  56. Frawley, B.J. and L.B. Best. 1991. Effects of mowing on breeding bird abundance and species composition in alfalfa fields. Wildlife Society Bulletin 19:135-142.

  57. Launchbaugh, J.L. and C.E. Owensby. 1978. Kansas rangelands: their management based on a half century of research. Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin No. 622. 56pp.

  58. Blake, J.G. and J.R. Karr. 1984. Species compositions of bird communities and the conservation benefit of large versus small forests. Biological Conservation 30:173-187.

  59. Hayden, T.J., J. Faaborg, and R.L. Clawson. 1985. Estimates of minimum area requirements for Missouri forest birds. Transactions of the Missouri Academy of Science 19:11-22.

  60. Temple, S.A. 1986. Predicting impacts of habitat fragmentation on forest birds: A comparison of two models. Pp 301-304 in Wildlife 2000; Modeling habitat relationships of terrestrial vertebrates. J. Verner, M.L. Morrison and C.J. Ralph (eds.). University of Wisconsin Press, Madison

  61. Whitcomb, R.F., C.S. Robbins, J.F. Lynch, B.L. Whitcomb, M.K. Kliemkiewicz and D. Bystrak. 1981. Effects of forest fragmentation on avifauna of the eastern deciduous forest. Pp. 125-205 in Forest island dynamics in man-dominated landscapes. R.L. Burgess and D.M. Sharpe (eds). Springer-Verlag, New York.

  62. Tilghman, N.G. 1987. Characteristics of urban woodlands affecting breeding bird diversity and abundance. Landscape and Urban Planning 14:481-495.

  63. Robbins, C.S., D.K. Dawson, and B.A. Dowell. 1989. Habitat area requirements of breeding forest birds of the middle Atlantic states. Wildlife Monographs. No. 103. 34 p.

  64. Hayden, T.J. 1985. Minimum area requirements of some breeding bird species in fragmented habitats in Missouri. M.S. thesis, University of Missouri-Columbia.

  65. Iverson, L.R. and M. Joselyn. 1990. Forest cover in Illinois 1820-1980 (map). Illinois Natural History Survey, Champaign.

  66. Robbins, C.S. 1979. Effects of forest fragmentation on bird populations. p. 198-212 in R.M. Degraaf and N. Tilghman eds. Proceedings of the Workshop on Management of North-Central and Northeastern Forests for Nongame Birds. United States Forest Service General Technical Report NC-51.

  67. Anderson, R.C. 1970. Prairies in the prairie state. Illinois State Academy of Science Transactions. 63:214-221.

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