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U.S. Prairie Pothole Joint Venture
Implementation Plan

Financing PPJV Implementation Strategies

Funding is essential to PPJV success. Efforts of the best waterfowl managers and access to valuable habitat means little without funding to implement management.

Securing funding to implement PPJV management strategies remains the shared responsibility of Joint Venture principal partners, including Federal and state governments and private conservation organizations. Additional PPJV funding must be through other organizations and individuals who enjoy, benefit from, and engage in consumptive and non-consumptive uses of wildlife.

In the first 6 years, 1987-1993, the PPJV made significant progress towards identifying funding sources outside the state and Federal agency budget process. (See PPJV Accomplishment Report). While the Service and state Fish and Wildlife agencies remain the largest contributors, there was a significant influx of funding from other sources. During that period, $139,386,609 were generated by PPJV partners in support of population and habitat projects.

Currently, spending by the USDA in programs such as the CRP, WRP, and WBP contributes significantly to achieving the goals of the PPJV. The NAWCA has been a major source of funding for PPJV projects. Ducks Unlimited, Inc. is an integral supporter and implementer of wetland projects in the PPJV. Other conservation organizations such as The Nature Conservancy, National Audubon Society, the National Wildlife Federation, Pheasants Forever, the Fish and Wildlife Foundation, and numerous sports clubs are active participants in projects that address the goals and objectives of the PPJV.

Agricultural interests, including local soil conservation districts, are recognizing the value of the partnerships developed through the PPJV and are providing direct support for habitat projects. County Conservation Boards, Land Trusts, Wildlife Trusts, Native American Tribes, and county governments, are likewise providing support. While agency budgets are getting tighter, unique and innovative partnerships keep the future of the PPJV relatively bright.

The PPJV funding strategy can be condensed into a single word, "partnerships." The Joint Venture will continue to promote partnerships (particularly in the agricultural and agency sector) to support habitat protection, restoration, and management activities. PPJV partners will become more active in identifying and pursuing "non-traditional" outside funding sources and looking for matching funds to provide maximum leverage with those sources. Local support, corporate sponsorship, foundation grants, Federal grants, and direct fund raising are all viable options that need to be aggressively explored by PPJV partners.

State and Federal agencies must pursue new funding to enhance existing budgets for their respective existing and new programs. Private organizations must assist with promoting these budgets through Congress and State legislatures, and strengthen private fund raising capabilities to generate new dollars or matching funds.

A major effort is required on all fronts to capture public support for soil, water, and wildlife conservation measures, and provide the funding support that will guarantee success for the NAWMP and the PPJV. (See Table 3).

Table 3.  PPJV Implementation Cost Projections (1994-2001)
                Numbers Taken from PPJV Accomplishments Report (1987-1993)
Acres Protected Restored Enhanced
Habitat Objective 1,891,315 744,898 3,664,500
Habitat Accomplishment 1,413,982 125,272 357,066
Remaining Habitat Balance Acres Cost
PROTECTED             477,333

Cost/Acre                      $1,000

FWS 160,000 160,000,000
USDA * 80,000 80,000,000
States 100,000 100,000,000
Other Federal 50,000 50,000,000
NGO   87,333   87,333,000
477,333 $477,333,000
RESTORED               619,626

Cost/Acre                         $500

FWS 160,000 80,000,000
USDA *  ** 190,000 95,000,000
States 120,000 60,000,000
Other Federal 30,000 15,000,000
NGO   119,626   59,813,000
619,626 $309,813,000
ENHANCED           3,307,434

Cost/Acre                        $500

FWS 800,000 400,000,000
USDA ** 1,850,000 925,000,000
States 500,000 250,000,000
Other Federal 100,000 50,000,000
NGO   57,434   28,717,000
3,307,434 $1,653,171,000
  *   Includes estimated Wetland Reserve Program Contributions
**   Assumes extension of Conservation Reserve Program contracts and/or creation of an upland easement program

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