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Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

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Forest and Rangeland Birds of the United States

Natural History and Habitat Use

Hooded Warbler -- Wilsonia citrina

RANGE: Breeds from southeastern Iowa, northern Illinois, and extreme southern Michigan and Ontario, southern New York, and New England south to eastern Texas, the Gulf of Mexico, and northern Florida. Winters from Mexico to Panama.

STATUS: Common.

HABITAT: Generally inhabits moist, forested regions of mixed hardwoods of beech, maple, hickory, and oak with dense undergrowth. In the Southeast, also inhabits cypress-gum swamplands.

SPECIAL HABITAT REQUIREMENTS: Low, dense, deciduous woody vegetation.

NEST: Builds a cuplike nest, usually in a fork of saplings, shrubs, or in herbaceous vegetation, less than 5 feet above the ground.

FOOD: Primarily eats insects, and some spiders. Is an expert "flycatcher."

REFERENCES: Armistead in Farrand 1983c, Bent 1953b, Griscom and Sprunt 1979, Odum 1931.

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