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Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

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Forest and Rangeland Birds of the United States

Natural History and Habitat Use

Canada Warbler -- Wilsonia canadensis

RANGE: Breeds from central Alberta east to southern Quebec and Nova Scotia south to southern Manitoba, central Minnesota, central Michigan, and through the Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia. Winters in South America.

STATUS: Locally common.

HABITAT: Inhabits a variety of vegetative types from lowlands to uplands and coniferous to deciduous. Favors shrubby undergrowth in cool, moist, mature woodlands, streamside thickets, and weedy ravines. In the southern highlands, lives in rhododendron thickets.

NEST: Builds nest on or near the ground on mossy logs or stumps, in cavities in banks, among roots of fallen trees, or in mossy hummocks.

FOOD: Mostly eats insects and spiders caught by flycatching or gleaned from the ground.

REFERENCES: Bent 1953b, Griscom and Sprunt 1979, Krause 1965, Petersen in Farrand 1983.

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