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Forest and Rangeland Birds of the United States

Natural History and Habitat Use

Hutton's Vireo -- Vireo huttoni


RANGE: Resident from southwestern British Columbia south through western Washington, Oregon, and California to Baja California, and from central Arizona, southwestern New Mexico, and western Texas south to Guatemala.

STATUS: Fairly common.

HABITAT: Primarily inhabits live oak forests but also pine-oak communities; mountain canyons with sycamores, maples, and tall chaparral; or streamside willows. Prefers tree stands with open canopies.

SPECIAL HABITAT REQUIREMENTS: Live oaks.

NEST: Builds a hanging cup nest that is anchored to horizontal twigs and usually near the tips of the branches, mostly in oaks. Locates nest 7 to 25 feet above the ground.

FOOD: Gleans food from foliage and small twigs, and occasionally hawks flying insects. Mostly eats insects, plus some spiders and small berries.

REFERENCES: Chapin 1925, Harrison 1979, Verner and Boss 1980, Terrill in Farrand 1983c.


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