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Forest and Rangeland Birds of the United States

Natural History and Habitat Use

White-eyed Vireo -- Viroe griseus


RANGE: Breeds from southeastern Nebraska and central Iowa to southern Michigan, southern Ontario, and southern Massachusetts, south through eastern Texas and Florida into eastern Mexico. Winters from southern Texas south to Central America and east across the Gulf Coast to Florida, north to central coastal North Carolina.

STATUS: Common.

HABITAT: Inhabits deciduous thickets, woodland edges, brambles, undergrowth, hedgerows, and the dense understory of bottomland woodlands, generally favoring thickets near water. May inhabit highlands in the South.

SPECIAL HABITAT REQUIREMENTS: Low shrubby vegetation.

NEST: Builds a cone-shaped cup nest that is suspended from forked twigs of a low shrub or tree, usually well concealed, 1 to 8 feet above the ground.

FOOD: Gleans its food, primarily insects, from branches and leaves. Eats mostly animal matter (90 percent of diet), but eats some berries and small fruits in winter.

REFERENCES: Chapin 1925, Forbush and May 1955, Johnsgard 1979, Nolan and Wooldridge 1962, Sykes in Farrand 1983c.


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