Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
STATUS: Common within much of its limited United States range.
HABITAT: Lives mostly in mangroves along the coasts of Florida and the Florida Keys.
SPECIAL HABITAT REQUIREMENTS: Dense mangroves.
NEST: Suspends deep cup nest between twigs (usually in red mangroves but occasionally in other trees or shrubs) as high as 15 feet above the ground or water.
FOOD: Gleans food, primarily spiders, from foliage. Also eats insects, fruits of barberries, and ragweed seeds.
REFERENCES: Bent 1950, Chapin 1925, Sykes in Farrand 1983c, Terres 1980.