Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
STATUS: Abundant within its range.
HABITAT: Inhabits the brush country of southern Texas, especially dense mesquite. Also found among bottomland willow, huisache, condalia, and various other shrubs.
SPECIAL HABITAT REQUIREMENTS: Dense shrubs.
NEST: Nests in pricklypear, yucca, mesquite, or other shrubby plants, usually 4 to 8 feet above the ground, and near the center of the plant.
FOOD: Uncovers food in debris on the ground and in loose soil; mostly eats antlions, ants, beetles, bugs, termites, spiders, and hackberries.
REFERENCES: Cottam and Knappen 1939, Kaufman in Farrand 1983c, Oberholser 1974b, Terres 1980.