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Forest and Rangeland Birds of the United States

Natural History and Habitat Use

Curve-billed Thrasher -- Toxostoma curvirostre

RANGE: Resident from central and southeastern Arizona, central and northeastern New Mexico, southeastern Colorado, northwestern Oklahoma, southwestern Kansas, and western and central Texas south to southern Mexico.

STATUS: Common to abundant.

HABITAT: Inhabits deserts with extensive thickets of thorny shrubs (paloverde and mesquite) and dense large cactus (saguaro and cholla), and in brushy riparian and residental areas. Prefers areas with thorny shrubs and thickets at the edge of woodlands.


NEST: Usually builds nest in the fork of cholla cactus but may be in yucca, clumps of mistletoe in mesquite and cottonwood, or in mesquite or similar thickets. Favors nest sites at the edge of woodlands or in cultivated areas.

FOOD: Digs in the soil with its curved bill searching for food, and eats beetles, other insects, seeds of cacti, berries, and other fruit.

REFERENCES: Oberholser 1974b, Terres 1980, Terrill in Farrand 1983c.

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