Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
HABITAT: Typically inhabits grasslands, savannahs, cultivated fields, and pastures, preferring open fields with perch sites such as fences, old logs, or dead trees.
SPECIAL HABITAT REQUIREMENTS: Open grasslands.
NEST: Builds nest in a shallow depression on dry ground in open grassland, often in grass or a small grass tuft, sometimes in rocky areas. Usually uses grasses for nest material.
FOOD: Gleans food from the ground or low vegetation. Eats both animal and vegetable material; about 70 percent animal material, mainly beetles, but also a variety of other insects and invertebrates; and a variety of grains and seeds.
REFERENCES: Lanyon 1957.