Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
STATUS: Locally common.
HABITAT: Generally inhabits thickets along edges of swamps, ponds, and wooded streams with numerous fallen trees. Prefers woodlands and shrubs around standing water rather than moving streams.
SPECIAL HABITAT REQUIREMENTS: Cool, shady, wet, brushy areas with open pools.
NEST: Builds nests on the ground among fallen trees, at the base of living trees, in cavities of rotten stumps, and under overhanging banks or cuts.
FOOD: Gleans food from moist soil and litter, consuming aquatic and terrestrial insects, small crustaceans, mollusks, and some minnows and worms.
REFERENCES: Griscom and Sprunt 1979, Johnsgard 1979, Petersen in Farrand 1983c.