Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
HABITAT: Favors bottomland forests with moss-covered logs and rank undergrowth along rapidly moving streams. Also sometimes inhabits shrub-grown bogs or areas near swamp pools or lake edges.
SPECIAL HABITAT REQUIREMENTS: Woodlands with flowing water.
NEST: Typically builds nest on the ground under roots, or in cavities in steep banks along streams. Also nests in cavities of upturned roots of fallen trees over or near water.
FOOD: Searches for food along sandy margins of streams, where it eats aquatic and terrestrial insects, spiders, small mollusks, killifishes, and snails.
REFERENCES: Eaton 1958, Griscom and Sprunt 1979, Petersen in Farrand 1983c.