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Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

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Forest and Rangeland Birds of the United States

Natural History and Habitat Use

Ruby-crowned Kinglet -- Regulus calendula

RANGE: Breeds from northwestern and north-central Alaska, northern Saskatchewan, northern Ontario, and Newfoundland south to southern Alaska, in the mountains to southern California, southern Arizona, south-central New Mexico, and east-central Colorado, and east of the Rockies to central Alberta, southern Manitoba, northeastern Minnesota, northern Michigan, northern New York, northern Maine, and Nova Scotia. Winters from southern British Columbia, Idaho, northern Arizona, Nebraska, southern Ontario, and New Jersey south to Baja California, southern Texas, southern Florida, and through Mexico to Guatemala.

STATUS: Locally common.

HABITAT: Generally inhabits coniferous forests or coniferous-deciduous woodlands during the summer breeding season. In migration and during winter also found in deciduous forests, open woodlands, brush, and scrub.

NEST: Usually attaches nest to pendent twigs beneath a horizontal spruce branch (occasionally fir or pine), generally from 15 to 60 feet above the ground.

FOOD: Gleans or hawks its food, which consists mainly of insects and spiders. Also eats some elderberries and weed seeds.

REFERENCES: Beal and McAtee 1912, DeGraff et al. 1980, Forbush and May 1955, Terres 1980.

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