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Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

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Forest and Rangeland Birds of the United States

Natural History and Habitat Use

Red-whiskered Bulbul -- Pycnonotus jocosus

RANGE: Introduced in 1960 and established in Dade County, southern Florida. Native to India and southern China.

STATUS: Locally common; there are no apparent ecological factors to hinder the spread of this species along coastal, tropical, southeastern Florida.

HABITAT: Has adapted well to exotic trees and shrubs in large suburban yards around Kendall, Florida. Generally stays under cover of vegetation, but occasionally perches in the open. Flocks together in the nonbreeding season and begins roosting assemblages in July and August.

SPECIAL HABITAT REQUIREMENTS: Ornamental trees and shrubs old enough to bear berries and fruits for food.

NEST: Currently nests only within suburbs, using virtually any shrub, hedge, or small tree. Builds nest in the crotch of a low shrub or small tree 2 to 8 feet above the ground.

FOOD: Eats fruits, berries, flowers, nectar, and some insects. The fruit of the Brazil peppertree is a very important food item during winter months.

REFERENCES: Carleton and Owre 1975, Fisk 1966, Sykes in Farrand 1983b.

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