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Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

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Forest and Rangeland Birds of the United States

Natural History and Habitat Use

Eurasian Tree Sparrow -- Passer montanus

RANGE: Introduced from Europe and established in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1870; now also found in east-central Missouri and western Illinois.

STATUS: Locally common.

HABITAT: Occurs in residential areas, farmlands, fields, and open woodland around St. Louis, where it was introduced in 1870. It is far less agressive than its relative the house sparrow, but has slowly expanded its range to western Illinois.

NEST: Nests in natural cavities, crevices, and woodpecker holes, but appears to be a weak competitor for available nesting sites.

FOOD: Feeds primarily on the ground on weed seeds, insects, and waste grain. (Little information is available on food habits.)

REFERENCES: Bent 1958, Scott et al. 1977, Van Benthuysen in Farrand 1983c.

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