USGS - science for a changing world

Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

  Home About NPWRC Our Science Staff Employment Contacts Common Questions About the Site

Forest and Rangeland Birds of the United States

Natural History and Habitat Use

Indigo Bunting -- Passerina cyanea


RANGE: Breeds from southeastern Saskatchewan and northern Minnesota to southern New Brunswick, south to southern New Mexico, central and southeastern Texas, the Gulf Coast, and central Florida; locally in central Colorado, southwest Utah, central Arizona, and southern California. Winters primarily in southern Mexico, Cuba, and the West Indies south to Panama; also in southern Florida and infrequently in coastal Texas.

STATUS: Common in eastern range.

HABITAT: Generally associated with edges of woods, old burns, open brushy fields, roadside thickets, and brushy ravines. Tends to be more numerous along streams, and avoids deep woods.

SPECIAL HABITAT REQUIREMENTS: Forest edges.

NEST: Builds a cup nest 1 to 12 feet above the ground in a crotch of a bush, shrub, or low tree, in a tangle of berry vines, or in canebrakes. Frequently parasitized by brown-headed cowbird.

FOOD: Forages on or near the ground in shrubs, and eats a variety of foods, including insects, weed seeds, berries, and fruits.

REFERENCES: Bent 1968a, DeGraff et al. 1980, Forbush and May 1955, Harrison 1975.


Previous Section -- Family Emberizidae
Return to Family List
Return to Contents

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo USA.gov logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
URL: http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/birds/forest/species/passcyan.htm
Page Contact Information: Webmaster
Page Last Modified: Friday, 01-Feb-2013 19:26:45 EST
Sioux Falls, SD [sdww55]