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Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

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Forest and Rangeland Birds of the United States

Natural History and Habitat Use

Bridled Titmouse -- Parus wollweberi

RANGE: Resident from central and southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico, south locally to Mexico.

STATUS: Common.

HABITAT: Generally found in oak woodlands and pine-oak associations from 5,000 to 7,000 feet in elevation. In winter, may move down slope along streams where cottonwoods are present.

SPECIAL HABITAT REQUIREMENTS: Natural cavities in living or dead oaks.

NEST: Usually builds nest in natural cavities of dead and living oak, but will also use cavities in cottonwood, willow, and mesquite.

FOOD: Spends much of its time foraging in crevices in bark, on tree trunks, and on branches, presumably for adults, larvae, and eggs of insects.

REFERENCES: Bent 1946, Phillips et al. 1964, Terres 1980.

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