Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
STATUS: Locally common.
HABITAT: Occurs in almost any habitat with conifers up to 7,000 to 8,000 feet in elevation, even where trees are sparse, but prefers pine-oak woodlands and montane pine and spruce-fir forests, primarily in mesic habitats. Outside the breeding season, may also be found in groves of Arizona cypress at lower elevations.
SPECIAL HABITAT REQUIREMENTS: Dead trees for cavity nest.
NEST: Excavates its own cavity in a dead stub, tree trunk, or branch.
FOOD: Probably eats insects and seeds similar to other chickadees. (No specific information is available on food habits).
REFERENCES: Bent 1946, Harrison 1979, Phillips et al. 1964, Terres 1980.