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Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

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Forest and Rangeland Birds of the United States

Natural History and Habitat Use

Plain Titmouse -- Parus inornatus

RANGE: Resident from southern Oregon, northeastern Nevada, southern Wyoming, and western Oklahoma, south to Baja California, central and southeastern Arizona, southern New Mexico, and extreme western Texas.

STATUS: Common.

HABITAT: In California, prefers oak woodlands; in the Great Basin and desert mountain ranges, occurs in pinyon-juniper woodlands. Greatest numbers inhabit evergreen trees in dry woodlands of the Southwest.

SPECIAL HABITAT REQUIREMENTS: Nest and roost cavities.

NEST: Usually builds nest in natural cavities or old woodpecker holes, primarily in oak trees; will also use nest boxes if available. Is capable of excavating its own cavity in rotted wood.

FOOD: Gleans much of its food, which is predominantly insects, from limbs, twigs, and from the ground. Also eats leaf galls, weed seeds, pinyon nuts, acorns, oats, and cherries.

REFERENCES: Bent 1946, Dixon 1949, Johnspard 1979, Root 1964, Terres 1980, Wetmore 1964.

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