Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
STATUS: Rare and local.
HABITAT: Inhabits mature groves of trees situated near flowing water, preferably stands of sycamore, cottonwood, and willow.
NEST: Builds an immense bushel-basket nest of strips of fibrous plant stems, suspending it from twigs at the end of a drooping branch 30 to 60 feet above the ground. Often places nests in sycamores but also uses cottonwoods, baldcypress, and willows. Will often build in the same site as the previous year's nest, or very close to the site.
FOOD: Perches on interior branches rather than exposed perches while feeding. Eats insects and some wild fruit.
REFERENCES: Oberholser 1974b, Phillips 1949, Phillips et al. 1964, Terres 1980, Terrill in Farrand 1983b.