Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
STATUS: Common throughout most its range.
HABITAT: Mainly limited to semiarid sagebrush plains, but may extend into junipers and mountain-mahogany habitats near sagebrush.
SPECIAL HABITAT REQUIREMENTS: Sagebrush.
NEST: Sometimes nests on the ground under sagebrush, but usually in branches near the main stem of sagebrush plants, 1 to 3 feet above ground. May also nest in other low-growing shrubs such as greasewood, horsebrush, rabbitbrush, and saltbush.
FOOD: Gleans food from the ground, including great numbers of grasshoppers, Mormon crickets, and other insects. Also eats fruits and berries in the fall.
REFERENCES: Reynolds 1981, Reynolds and Rich 1978, Rich 1978, Terres 1980, Webster in Farrand 1983c.