Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
HABITAT: Inhabits shrubby woodland borders and the understory of damp or shady deciduous woods, favoring moist ravines and bottomlands. Often found near water and at low elevations.
NEST: Generally builds nest on the ground among plants at the base of shrubs and trees, or under branches of fallen limbs. Occasionally places nest near the ground in shrubs. Commonly victimized by brown-headed cowbirds.
FOOD: Gleans most food from leaves on the ground, but occasionally catches insects from low leaves and branches. Mostly eats spiders and insects.
REFERENCES: DeGaris 1936, Griscom and Sprunt 1979, Sykes in Farrand 1983c.