Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
STATUS: Locally common.
HABITAT: Inhabits coastal salt marshes, and occasionally inland freshwater marshes and wet meadows. Uses grainfields and hay meadows to some extent. Prefers higher portions of a marsh, where vegetation is rank and dense and the ground is damp. Life history poorly known; spends much of its time under matted grasses in high salt marshes.
SPECIAL HABITAT REQUIREMENTS: Marshes with areas of dense, but not necessarily tall, cover and damp soil.
NEST: Completely hides nest in clumps of marsh grass or at the base of glasswort, in or along the edge of a marsh. Usually places nest on matted dead grass, but sometimes directly on damp ground.
FOOD: Probably feeds mainly on invertebrates.
REFERENCES: DeGraff et al. 1980, Pough 1951, Terres 1980, Todd 1977.