Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
STATUS: Locally common to rare.
HABITAT: Inhabits wooded hillsides and ravines with medium-sized stands of deciduous trees and undergrowth, often near streams or swampy bogs rimmed by shrubs and vines.
SPECIAL HABITAT REQUIREMENTS: Dense undergrowth.
NEST: Builds nest on the ground at the base of a tree or sapling, usually well concealed under dead leaves. Generally locates nest on a hillside or bank of a ravine, but sometimes in a bank cavity or under shrubbery.
FOOD: Gleans its food from the ground; mostly eats insects but some spiders and a few worms.
REFERENCES: DeGraff et al. 1980, Griscom and Sprunt 1979.