Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
STATUS: Fairly common.
HABITAT: Associated with arid woodland and brushy areas, where it inhabits tall sagebrush plains, pinyon-juniper woodlands, and arid, very open pine woods. During migration and in winter it occurs in arid scrub, riparian, and mesquite woodlands.
NEST: Nests in a crotch of a thornbush, juniper, or sagebrush, 2 to 5 feet above the ground, sometimes in loose colonies.
FOOD: Does most of its foraging in the spaces between bushes, and often flies to snatch insects from the ground. Catches insects from the size of tiny beetles to butterflies.
REFERENCES: Bailey in Farrand 1983b, Phillips et al. 1964, Russell and Woodbury 1941, Terres 1980.