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Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

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Forest and Rangeland Birds of the United States

Natural History and Habitat Use

Mangrove Cuckoo -- Coccyzus minor

RANGE: Breeds in southern Florida from Tampa Bay and Miami southward in coastal areas, including the Florida Keys through Mexico to South America. Winters throughout the breeding range, but mostly south of Florida.

STATUS: Rare and local.

HABITAT: Inhabits red and black mangrove thickets and swamps near saltwater, and upland hardwood hummocks.

NEST: Typically builds nest on a horizontal mangrove branch, that is indistinguishable from the nest of the yellow-billed cuckoo.

FOOD: Often feeds in open fields and clearings near thickets on caterpillars and other insects, spiders, and a few small fruits and wild berries.

REFERENCES: Bent 1940a, Harrison 1975, Sykes in Farrand 1983b, Terres 1980.

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