Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
STATUS: Common; population is declining slightly throughout the breeding range.
HABITAT: In the East, prefers open hardwood or mixed woodlands of pine, oak, and beech, particularly younger stands in fairly dry habitats; also favors stands with scattered clearings. In the Southwest, frequents densely wooded slopes of oak and pine in canyons and mountains.
NEST: Lays eggs on dead leaves on well-drained ground, usually in areas of partial shade where there is no undergrowth. Often nests among trees at the edge of a clearing or path, sometimes laying eggs in the shade of a small bush.
FOOD: Feed nocturnally, often pursuing insects attracted to lights near buildings in rural areas. Feeds in flight on moths, beetles, mosquitoes, ants, grasshoppers, June bugs, gnats, and other insects.
REFERENCES: DeGraff et al. 1980, Forbush and May 1955, Johnsgard 1979, Raynor 1941, Tate and Tate 1982, Terres 1980.