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Effects of Weather on Breeding Ducks in North Dakota

References


Batt, B. D. J., and H. H. Prince. 1979. Laying dates, clutch size, and egg weight 
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Bengtson, S. A. 1972. Reproduction and fluctuations in the size of duck populations 
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Boyd, H., and C. R. G. Campbell. 1967. A survey of the ducks breeding at Loch Leven 
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Coulter, N. W., and W. R. Miller. 1968. Nesting biology of black ducks and mallards 
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Dane, C. W. 1966. Some aspects of breeding biology of bluewinged teal. Auk 83:389-402.

Dane, C. W., and G. L. Pearson. 1971. Effect of spring storm on waterfowl mortality 
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Dzubin, A. 1969. Comments on carrying capacity of small ponds for ducks and possible 
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Dzubin, A., and J. B. Gollop. 1972. Aspects of mallard breeding ecology in Canadian 
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Evans, C. D., and K. E. Black. 1956. Duck production studies on the prairie potholes 
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Gollop, J. B., and W. H. Marshall. 1954. A guide for aging duck broods in the field. 
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Hammond, M. C. 1969. Notes on conducting waterfowl breeding population surveys 
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Hammond, M. C. 1970. Waterfowl brood survey manual. U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv. 44 pp. 
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Harris, S. W. 1954. An ecological study of the waterfowl of the Potholes Area, 
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Hildën, O. 1964. Ecology of duck populations in the island group of Valassaaret, 
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Jensen, R. E. 1972. Climate of North Dakota. North Dakota State University, Fargo. 
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Keith, L. B. 1961. A study of waterfowl ecology on small impoundments in southeastern 
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Koskimies, J., and L. Lahti. 1964. Cold-hardiness of the newly hatched young in 
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Krapu, G. L. 1981. The role of nutrient reserves in mallard reproduction. Auk 
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Krapu, G. L., and H. A. Doty. 1979. Age-related aspects of mallard reproduction. 
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Langford, W. A., and E. A. Driver. 1979. Quantification of the relationship between 
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Lensink, C. J. 1973. Population structure and productivity of whistling swans on 
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MacInnes, C. D., R. A. Davis, R. N. Jones, B. C. Lieff, and A. J. Pakulak. 1974. 
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Milne, H. 1976. Some factors affecting egg production in waterfowl populations. 
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Nilsson, L. 1974. Annual fluctuations among Swedish mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) 
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Seymour, N. R. 1982. Mortality of duckling attributed to separation from mother and subsequent protracted exposure to low ambient temperature. Auk 99:383-384. Smith, A. G. 1971. Ecological factors affecting waterfowl production in the Alberta parklands. U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv., Resour. Publ. 98.49 pp. Sorensen, M. F. 1978. Observations of mallards in the parkland of Alberta. Can. Wildl. Serv., Occas. Pap. 36. 22 pp. Sowls, L. K. 1955. Prairie ducks. Stackpole Co., Harrisburg, Pa. 193 pp. Spurr, E. B., and H. Milne. 1976. Factors affecting laying date in the common eider. Wildfowl 27:107-109. Stewart, R. E., and H. A. Kantrud. 1971. Classification of natural ponds and lakes in the glaciated prairie region. U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv., Resour. Publ. 92. 57 pp. Stoudt, J. H. 1971. Ecological factors affecting waterfowl production in the Saskatchewan parklands. U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv., Resour. Publ. 99. 58 pp. Väisänen, R. A. 1974. Timing of waterfowl breeding on the Krunnit Islands, Gulf of Bothnia. Ornis Fenn. 51:61-84. Yocom, C. F. 1950. Weather and its effect on hatching of waterfowl in eastern Washington. Trans. N. Am. Wildl. Conf. 15:309-319. Yocom, C. F., and H. A. Hansen. 1960. Population studies of waterfowl in eastern Washington. J. Wildl. Manage. 24:237-250.


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