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Duck Populations as Indicators of Landscape
Condition in the Prairie Pothole Region

References


Anderson, M. G., Emery, R. B. and Arnold, T. W.:  1997, 'Reproductive success 
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Batt, B. D. J., Anderson, M. G., Anderson, C. D. and Caswell, F. D.: 1989, 
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Bethke, R. W. and Nudds, T. D.: 1995, 'Effects of climate change and land use 
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Cowardin, L. M.: 1997, 'Design methods', in S. A. Peterson, L. Carpenter, G. R. 
      Guntenspergen and L. M. Cowardin (eds), Pilot Test of the Wetland 
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Cowardin, L. M., Johnson, D. H., Frank, A. M. and Klett, A. T.: 1988a, 
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Cowardin, L. M., Johnson, D. H., Shaffer, T. L. and Sparling, D. W.: 1988b, 
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Cowardin, L. M. and Peterson, S. A.: 1997. 'Introduction', in  S. A. Peterson,
     L. Carpenter, G. R. Guntenspergen and L. M. Cowardin (eds), Pilot Test of 
     the Wetland Condition Indicators in the Prairie Pothole Region of the 
     United States,  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research 
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Cowardin, L. M., Shaffer, T. L. and Arnold, P. M.:  1995, 'Evaluations of duck 
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Cowardin, L. M., and Sklebar, H. T.: 1997, 'Tests of Selected Landscape 
     Indicators of Wetland Condition',  in S. A. Peterson, L. Carpenter, G. R.
     Guntenspergen and L. M. Cowardin (eds), Pilot Test of Wetland Condition 
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Greenwood, R. J., Sargeant, A. B., Johnson, D. H., Cowardin, L. M. and Shaffer, 
     T. L.: 1995, 'Factors associated with duck nest success in the prairie 
     pothole region of Canada', Wildlife Monographs 128, 57 pp.

Johnson, D. H.: 1996, 'Waterfowl communities in the Northern Great Plains', in M. 
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Johnson, D. H., Sparling, D. W. and Cowardin, L. M.: 1987, 'A model of the 
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Kantrud, H. A., Krapu, G. L., and Swanson, G. L.: 1989, 'Prairie basin wetlands 
     of the Dakotas: A community profile', U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 
     Biological Report 85(7.28), 111 pp.

Klett, A. T. , Shaffer, T. L. and Johnson, D. H.: 1988, 'Duck nest success in 
     the Prairie Pothole Region', Journal of Wildlife Management 52, 431-440.

Milliken, G. A. and Johnson, D.E.: 1992, Analysis of Messy Data.  Volume 1: 
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Myers, R. H.: 1990, Classical and modern regression with applications, PWS-Kent 
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National Climate Data Center: 1998, 'Climate Division Precipitation, Temperature
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Naugle, D. E., Higgins, K. F., Nusser, S.M. and Johnson, W. C.: 1999, 'Scale-
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Neter, J., Wasserman, W. and Kutner, M. H.: 1990, Applied linear statistical 
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Peterson, S. A.: 1994, 'The Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program 
     (EMAP): Its Objectives, Approach and Status Relative to Wetlands', in G. 
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Peterson, S. A., Carpenter, L., Guntenspergen, G. R. and Cowardin L. M. (eds):
     1997, 'Pilot test of the wetland condition indicators in the prairie 
     pothole region of the United States',  U.S. Environmental Protection 
     Agency, Office of Research Development  EPA/620/R-97/002.

SAS Institute, Inc.: 1997, SAS user's guide, Version 6, 5th edition, SAS 
     Institute, Inc., Cary, NC.

Serie, J. R., Trauger, D. L. and Austin, J. E.:  1992, 'Influence of age and 
     selected environmental factors on reproductive performance of canvasbacks',
     Journal of Wildlife Management 56, 546-556.
 
Sorenson, M. D.: 1991, 'The functional significance of parasitic egg laying and 
     typical nesting in redhead ducks: An analysis of individual behavior', 
     Animal Behaviour 42, 771-796.

Stewart, R. E. and Kantrud, H. A.: 1971, 'Classification of natural ponds and 
     lakes in the glaciated prairie region', U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 
     Resource Publication 92, 57 pp.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service:  1997, 'Status of waterfowl and fall flight 
     forecast', U.S. Department of Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service,
     Washington, D.C.

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