USGS - science for a changing world

Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

  Home About NPWRC Our Science Staff Employment Contacts Common Questions About the Site

Wildlife Monographs

Determinants of Breeding Distributions of Ducks

Literature Cited

Alliston, W. G. 1979. The population ecology of an isolated nesting population of redheads
     (Aythya americana). Ph.D. Thesis, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y. 211pp.

Anderson, D. R., and C. J. Henny. 1972. Population ecology of the mallard: I. A review of
     previous studies and the distribution and migration from breeding areas. U.S. Fish 
     and Wildl. Serv. Resour. Publ. 105. 166pp.

Anderson, M. G. 1985. Social behavior of breeding canvasbacks (Aythya valisineria): male 
     and female strategies of reproduction. Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. Minnesota, Minneapolis. 

Anonymous. 1977. Standard operating procedures for aerial waterfowl breeding ground 
     population and habitat surveys. U.S. Fish and Wildl. Serv., Off. of Migr. Bird 
     Manage. 81pp.

Bailey, R. O. 1981. A theoretical approach to problems in waterfowl management. Trans. 
     North Am. Wildl. and Nat. Resour. Conf. 46:58-71.

Bellrose, F. C. 1980. Ducks, geese and swans of North America, Third ed. Stackpole Books,
     Harrisburg, Pa. 540pp.

Bellrose, F. C. and R. D. Crompton. 1970. Migrational behavior of mallards and black ducks 
     as determined from banding. III. Nat. Hist. Surv. Bull. 30: 167-234.

Bishop, R. A., D. D. Homburg, and R. D. Andrews. 1978. Survival and homing of female 
     mallards. J. Wildl. Manage. 42:192-196.

Blancher, P. J., and R. J. Robertson. 1985. Site consistency in kingbird breeding 
     performance: implications for site fidelity. J. Anim. Ecol. 54: 1017-1027.

Blohm, R. J. 1978. Migrational homing of male gadwalls to breeding grounds. Auk 95:763-766.

Blohm, R. J. 1979. The breeding ecology of the gadwall in southern Manitoba. Ph.D. Thesis, 
     Univ. Wisconsin, Madison. 177pp.

Boyce, M. S. 1984. Restitution of r- and K-selection as a model of 
     density-dependent natural selection. Annul Rev. Ecol. Syst. 15:427-447.

Boyd, H. 1983. Intensive regulation of duck hunting in North America: its purpose and
     achievements. Can. Wildl. Serv. Occas. Pap. 50. 24pp.

Calverley, B. K, and D. A. Boag. 1977. Reproductive potential in parkland and arctic-
     nesting populations of mallards and pintails (Anatidae). Can. J. Zool. 55:1242-1251.

Coulter, M. W. and W. R. Miller. 1968. Nesting biology of black ducks and mallards in 
     northern New England. Vermont Fish and Game Dep. Bull. 68-2. 74pp.

Crissey, W. F. 1969. Prairie potholes from a continental viewpoint. Pages 161-171 in 
     Saskatoon wetlands seminar. Can. Wildl. Serv. Rep. Ser. 6.

Derksen, D. V., and W. D. Eldridge. 1980. Drought-displacement of pintails to the Arctic 
     coast plain, Alaska. J. Wildl. Manage. 44:224229.

Doty, H. A., and F. B. Lee. 1974. Homing to nest baskets by wild female mallards. J. Wildl.
     Manage. 38:714-719.

Dow, H., and S. Fredga. 1983. Breeding and natal dispersal of the goldeneye, Bucephala 
     clangula. J. Anim. Ecol. 52:681-695.

Dwyer, T. J., G. L. Krapu, and D. M. Janke. 1979. Use of prairie pothole habitat by 
     breeding mallards. J. Wildl. Manage. 43:526-531.

Dzubin, A. 1969. Comments on carrying capacity of small ponds for ducks and possible effects 
     of density on mallard production. Pages 138-160 in Saskatoon wetlands seminar. Can. 
     Wildl. Serv. Rep. Ser. 6.

Fretwell, S. D., and H. L. Lucas, JR. 1969. On territorial behavior and other factors
     influencing habitat distribution in birds: I. Theoretical development. Acta 
     Biotheoret. 19:17-36.

Gates, J. M. 1962. Breeding biology of the gadwall in northern Utah. Wilson Bull. 74:43-67.

Gauthreaux, S. A., JR. 1980. The influences of long-term and short-term climatic changes 
     on the dispersal and migration of organisms. Pages 103-174 in S. A. Gauthreaux, Jr., 
     ed. Animal migration, orientation, and navigation. Academic Press, New York, N.Y.

Gauthreaux, S. A. 1982. The ecology and evolution of avian migration systems. Pages 93-168 
     in D. S. Farner, J. R. King, and K. C. Parkes, eds. Avian biology. Vol. 6. Academic 
     Press, New York, N.Y.

Greenwood, P. J. 1980. Mating systems, philopatry and dispersal in birds and mammals. 
     Anim. Behav. 28:1140-1162.

Greenwood, P. J. and P. H. Harvey. 1982. The natal and breeding dispersal of birds. Annul 
     Rev. Ecol. Syst. 13:1-21.

Hansen, H. A. 1960. Changed status of several species of waterfowl in Alaska. Condor 62:136-137.

Hansen, H. A. and D. E. McKnight. 1964. Emigration of drought-displaced ducks to the Arctic.
     Trans. North Am. Wildl. Conf. 29:119-127.

Henny, C. J. 1973. Drought displaced movement of North American pintails into Siberia. J. 
     Wildl. Manage. 37:23-29.

Hochbaum, G. S. and E. F. Bossenmaier. 1972. Response of pintails to improved breeding habitat 
     in southern Manitoba. Can. Field-Nat. 86: 79-81.

Hochbaum, H. A. 1946. Recovery potentials in North American waterfowl. Trans. North Am. 
     Wildl. Conf. 11:403-418.

Holm, E. R., and M. L. Scott. 1954. Studies on the nutrition of wild waterfowl. N.Y. Fish 
     and Game J. 1:171-187.

Immelmann, K. 1973. Role of the environment in reproduction as source of "predictive"
     information. Pages 121-147 in D. S. Farner, ed. Breeding biology of birds. Nat. Acad. 
     Sci., Washington, D.C.

Johnsgard, P. A. 1975. Waterfowl of North America. Indiana Univ. Press, Bloomington. 575pp.
Johnson, D. H. 1980. The comparison of usage and availability measurements for evaluating 
     resource preference. Ecology 61:65-71.

Johnson, D. H. 1981. improved population estimates through the use of auxiliary information.
     Pages 436-440 in C. J. Ralph and J. M. Scott, eds. Estimating numbers of terrestrial 
     birds. Studies in avian biology No. 6. Cooper Ornithological Soc. and Allen Press, 
     Inc., Lawrence, Ks.

Johnson, D. H. 1986. Empirical Bayes estimates of breeding populations of North American 
     ducks. Ph.D. Thesis, North Dakota State Univ., Fargo. 187pp.

Johnson, D. H., and A. B. Sargeant. 1977. Impact of red fox predation on the sex ratio of
     prairie mallards. U.S. Fish and Wildl. Serv. Wildl. Res. Rep. 6. 56pp.

Johnson, D. H., and T. L. Shaffer. 1987. Are mallards declining in North America? Wildl. 
     Soc. Bull. 15:340- 345.

Johnson, D. J. 1978. Age-related breeding biology of the redhead duck in southwestern 
     Manitoba. M.S. Thesis, Texas A&M Univ., College Station. 47pp.

Keith, L. B. 1961. A study of waterfowl ecology on small impoundments in southeastern 
     Alberta. Wildl. Monogr. 6. 88pp.

Krapu, G. L. 1979. Nutrition of female dabbling ducks during reproduction. Pages 59-70 in 
     T. A. Bookhout, ed. Proc. 1977 Symp. Midwest Fish and Wildl. Conf., Madison, Wis. 
     North Cent. Sect., The Wildl. Soc.

Leitch, W. G., and R. M. Kaminski. 1985. Long-term wetland-waterfowl trends in Saskatchewan
     grassland. J. Wildl. Manage. 49:212-222.

MacArthur, R. H., and E. O. Wilson. 1967. The theory of island biogeography. Princeton Univ.
     Press, Princeton, N.J. 203pp.

Martin, F. W., R. S. Pospahala, and J. D. Nichols. 1979. Assessment and population management 
     of North American migratory birds. Pages 187239 in J. Cairns, Jr., G. P. Patil, and 
     W. E. Waters, eds. Environmental biomonitoring, assessment, prediction, and 
     managementócertain case studies and related quantitative issues. Statistical ecology. 
     Vol. 11. International Cooperative Pub House, Fairland, Md.

Martinson, R. K., and C. F. Kaczyski. 1967. Factors influencing waterfowl counts on aerial
     surveys, 1961-66. U.S. Fish and Wildl. Serv. Spec. Sci. Rep. Wildl. 105. 78pp.

McHenry, M. G. 1971. Breeding and post-breeding movements of blue-winged teal (Anas 
     discors) in southwestern Manitoba. Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. Oklahoma, Norman. 76pp.

McKinney, F. 1965. Spacing and chasing in breeding ducks. Wildfowl 16:92-106.

McKnight, D. E. 1974. Dry-land nesting by redheads and ruddy ducks. J. Wildl. Manage. 

Mihelsons, H., A. Mednis, and P. Blums. 1986. Population ecology of migratory ducks in 
     Latvia. Zinatne Publ. House, Riga, Latvia, U.S.S.R. 112pp.

Murdy, H. W. 1966. When the prairies go dry. Naturalist 17:8-13.

Nudds T. D. 1978. Comments on Calverley and Boag's (1977) hypothesis on displaced ducks 
     and an evolutionary alternative. Can. J. Zool. 56:2239-2241.

Nudds, T. D. 1983. Niche dynamics and organization of waterfowl guilds in variable 
     environments. Ecology 64:319-330.

Palmer, R. S. 1976. Handbook of North American birds. Vols. 2 and 3. Yale Univ. Press, New 
     Haven, Conn. 521 and 560pp.

Patterson, J. H. 1979. Can ducks be managed by regulation? Experiences in Canada. Trans. 
     North Am. Wildl. and Nat. Resour. Conf. 44:130-139.

Pianka, E. R. 1974. Evolutionary ecology. Harper & Row, New York, N.Y. 356 pp. 

Pospahala, R. S., D. R. Anderson, and C. J. Henny. 1974. Population ecology of the mallard: 
     II. Breeding habitat conditions, size of the breeding populations, and production 
     indices. U.S. Fish and Wildl. Serv. Resour. Publ. 115. 73pp.

Poston, H. J. 1969. Home range and breeding biology of the shoveler. M.S. Thesis, Utah 
     State Univ., Logan. 86pp.

Pulliam, H. R., and T. A. Parker, III. 1979. Population regulation of sparrows. Fortschr. 
     Zool. 25:137-147.

Rohwer, F. C., and M. G. Anderson. 1988. Female-biased philopatry, monogamy, and the timing 
     of pair formation in migratory waterfowl. Current Ornithol. 5:187-221.

Sargeant, A. B. 1972. Red fox spatial characteristics in relation to waterfowl predation. 
     J. Wildl. Manage. 36:225-236.

Sargeant, A. B., S. H. Allen, and R. T. Eberhardt. 1984. Red fox predation on breeding ducks 
     in midcontinent North America. Wildl. Monogr. 89. 41pp.

SAS Institute, INC. 1982. SAS users guide: statistics. SAS Inst., Inc., Cary, N.C. 584pp.

Shaw, S. P., and C. G. Fredine. 1956. Wetlands of the United States. U.S. Fish and Wildl. 
     Serv. Circ. 39. 67pp.

Smith, A. G. 1971. Ecological factors affecting waterfowl production in the Alberta 
     parklands. U.S. Fish and Wildl. Serv. Resour. Publ. 98. 49pp.

Smith, R. I. 1970. Response of pintail breeding populations to drought. J. Wildl. Manage. 
     34: 943-946.

Sowls, L. K. 1955. Prairie ducks. Stackpole Co. Harrisburg, Pa., and Wildl. Manage. Inst., 
     Washington, D.C. 193pp.

Stearns, S. C. 1977. The evolution of life history traits: a critique of the theory and a 
     review of the data. Annul Rev. Ecol. Syst. 8:145-171.

Stewart, R. E., A. D. Geis, and C. D. Evans. 1958. Distribution of populations and hunting 
     kill of the canvasback. J. Wildl. Manage. 22:333-370.

Stewart, R. E., and H. A. Kantrud. 1973. Ecological distribution of breeding waterfowl
     populations in North Dakota. J. Wildl. Manage. 37:39-50.

Stoudt, J. H. 1971. Ecological factors affecting waterfowl production in the Saskatchewan
     parklands. U.S. Fish and Wildl. Serv. Resour. Publ. 99. 58pp.

Trauger, D. L. 1971. Population ecology of lesser scaup (Aythya affinis) in subarctic
     taiga. Ph.D. Thesis, lowa State Univ., Ames. 118pp.

Vickery, W. L., and T. D. Nudds. 1984. Detection of density-dependent effects on annual 
     duck censuses. Ecology 65:96-104.

Wetmore, A. 1920. Observations on the habits of birds at Lake Burford, New Mexico. Auk 

Wiens, J. A. 1976. Population responses to patchy environments. Annul Rev. Ecol. Syst. 

Previous Section -- Relations to Life History Characteristics
Return to Contents

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
Page Contact Information: Webmaster
Page Last Modified: Friday, 01-Feb-2013 19:11:56 EST
Sioux Falls, SD [sdww54]