USGS - science for a changing world

Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

  Home About NPWRC Our Science Staff Employment Contacts Common Questions About the Site

Density and Fledging Success of Grassland Birds in Conservation Reserve Program Fields in North Dakota and West-central Minnesota

Literature Cited

Askins, R. A. 1993.  Population trends in grassland, shrubland, and forest 
     birds in eastern North America.  Current Ornithology 11:1-34.
Bart, J.  1977.  Impact of human visitations on avian nesting success.  Living 
     Bird 16:187-192.
Basore, N. S., L. B. Best, and J. B. Wooley, Jr.  1986.  Bird nesting in Iowa 
     no-tillage and tilled cropland.  Journal of Wildlife Management 50:19-28.
Bent, A. C.  1942.  Life histories of North American flycatchers, larks, 
     swallows, and their allies.    U.S. National Museum Bulletin 179.
Bent, A. C.  1968.  Life histories of North American cardinals, grosbeaks, 
     buntings, towhees, finches, sparrows, and allies.  U.S. National Museum 
     Bulletin 237.
Best, L. B.  1978.  Field Sparrow reproductive success and nesting ecology.  
     Auk 95:9-22.
Best, L. B., K. E. Freemark, J. J. Dinsmore, and M. Camp.  1995.  A review and 
     synthesis of bird habitat use in agricultural landscapes of Iowa.  
     American Midland Naturalist 134:1-29.
Bollinger, E. K. 1995.  Successional changes and habitat selection in hayfield 
     bird communities.  Auk 112:720-730.
Bollinger, E. K., P. B. Bollinger, and T. A. Gavin. 1990.  Effects of hay-
     cropping on eastern populations of the Bobolink.  Wildlife Society 
     Bulletin 18:142-150.
Bollinger, E. K., T. A. Gavin, and D. C. McIntyre. 1988.  Comparison of 
     transects and circular-plots for estimating Bobolink densities.  Journal 
     of Wildlife Management 52:777-786.
Bowen, B. S., and A. Kruse.  1993.  Effects of grazing on nesting by Upland 
     Sandpipers in southcentral North Dakota.  Journal of Wildlife Management 
Buckland, S. T., D. R. Anderson, K. P. Burnham, and J. L. Laake. 1993.  
     Distance sampling:  estimating abundance of biological populations.  
     Chapman and Hall, London, U.K.
Burnham, K. P., D. R. Anderson, and J. L. Laake.  1980.  Estimation of density 
     from line transect sampling of biological populations.  Wildlife 
     Monographs no. 72.
Dawson, D. G.  1981.  Counting birds for a relative measure (index) of density.  
     Studies in Avian Biology 6:12-16.
Ehrlich, P. R., D. S. Dobkin, and D. Wheye.  1988.  The birder's handbook:  a 
     field guide to the natural history of North American birds.  Simon & 
     Schuster, New York, NY.

Elliott, P. F.  1978.  Cowbird parasitism in the Kansas tallgrass prairie.  Auk 
Fairfield, G. M.  1968.  Calcarius ornatus (Townsend) Chestnut-collared 
     Longspur.  U.S. National Museum Bulletin 237, pt. 3:1635-1652.
Gates, J. E., and L. W. Gysel.  1978.  Avian nest dispersion and fledging 
     success in field-forest ecotones.  Ecology 59:871-883.
Graber, R. R., and J. W. Graber  1983.  The declining grassland birds.  
     Illinois Natural History Survey Reports no. 227.
Granfors, D. A.  1992.  The impact of the Conservation Reserve Program on 
     Eastern Meadowlark production and validation of the Eastern Meadowlark 
     habitat suitability index model.  M.S. thesis.  Texas Tech University, 
     Lubbock, TX.
Herkert, J. R.  1991.  Prairie birds of Illinois:  population response to two 
     centuries of habitat change.  Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin 
Herkert, J. R.  1994.  The effects of habitat fragmentation on midwestern 
     grassland bird communities.  Ecological Applications 4:461-471.
Herkert, J. R.  1995.  An analysis of midwestern breeding bird population 
     trends: 1966-1993.  American Midland Naturalist 134:41-50.
Herkert, J. R., D. W. Sample, and R. E. Warner.  1996.  Management of 
     midwestern grassland landscapes for the conservation of migratory birds.  
     Pp. 89-116, in F. R. Thompson III (editor).  Management of midwestern 
     landscapes for the conservation of neotropical migratory birds.  USDA 
     Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-187.  USDA Forest Service North Central 
     Forest Experiment Station, St. Paul, MN.
Johnson, D. H., and L. D. Igl. 1995.  Contributions of the Conservation Reserve 
     Program to populations of breeding birds in North Dakota.  Wilson Bulletin 
Johnson, D. H., and M. D. Schwartz.  1993.  The Conservation Reserve Program 
     and grassland birds.  Conservation Biology 7:934-937. 
Johnson, R. G., and S. A. Temple.  1986.  Assessing habitat quality for birds 
     nesting in fragmented tallgrass prairies.  Pp. 245-249, in J. Verner, 
     M. L. Morrison, and C. J. Ralph (editors).  Wildlife 2000:  modeling 
     habitat relationships of terrestrial vertebrates.  University of Wisconsin 
     Press, Madison WI.
Johnson, R. G., and S. A. Temple.  1990.  Nest predation and brood parasitism 
     of tallgrass prairie birds.  Journal of Wildlife Management 54:106-111.
Kantrud, H. A.  1981.  Grazing intensity effects on the breeding avifauna of 
     North Dakota native grasslands.  Canadian Field-Naturalist 95:404-417.
Kantrud, H. A.  1993.  Duck nest success on Conservation Reserve Program land 
     in the prairie pothole region.  Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 
Kantrud, H. A., and R. L. Kologiski.  1982.  Effects of soils and grazing on 
     breeding birds of uncultivated upland grasslands of the northern Great 
     Plains. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Wildlife Research Report 15:1-33, 
     Washington, D.C.
King, J. W., and J. A. Savidge.  1995.  Effects of the Conservation Reserve 
     Program on wildlife in southeast Nebraska.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 
Klute, D. S.  1994.  Avian community structure, reproductive success, 
     vegetation structure, and food availability in burned CRP fields and 
     grazed pastures in northeastern Kansas.  M.S. thesis.  Kansas State 
     University, Manhattan, KS.
Knopf, F. L.  1994.  Avian assemblages on altered grasslands.  Studies in Avian 
     Biology 15:247-257.

Koford, R. R, and L. B. Best.  1996.  Management of agricultural landscapes for 
     the conservation of neotropical migratory birds.  Pp. 68-88, in F. R. 
     Thompson III (editor).  Management of midwestern landscapes for the 
     conservation of neotropical migratory birds.  USDA. Forest Service Gen. 
     Tech. Rep. NC-187.  USDA Forest Service North Central Forest Experiment 
     Station, St. Paul, MN.
Koford, R. R, B. S. Bowen, J. L. Lokemoen, and A. Kruse.  In press.  Cowbird 
     parasitism in grassland and cropland in North Dakota.  In T. Cook, S. K. 
     Robinson, S. I. Rothstein, S. G. Sealy, and J. N. M. Smith (editors).  The 
     ecology and management of cowbirds.  University of Texas Press, Austin, TX.
Major, R. E.  1990.  The effect of human observers on the intensity of nest 
     predation.  Ibis 132:608-612.
Mayfield, H.  1975.  Suggestions for calculating nest success.  Wilson Bulletin 
Millenbah, K. F.  1993.  The effects of different age classes of fields 
     enrolled in the Conservation Reserve Program in Michigan on avian 
     diversity, density, and productivity.  M.S. thesis.  Michigan State 
     University, East Lansing, MI.
Milliken, G. A., and D. E. Johnson.  1984.  Analysis of messy data.  Van 
     Nostrand Reinhold, New York, NY.

Patterson, M. P., and L. B. Best.  1996.  Bird abundance and nest success in 
     Iowa CRP fields:  the importance of vegetation structure and composition.  
     American Midland Naturalist 135:153-167.
Peterjohn, B. G., J. R. Sauer, and W. A. Link.  1994.  The 1992 and 1993 
     summary of the North American Breeding Bird Survey.  Bird Populations 
Renken, R. B., and J. J. Dinsmore.  1987.  Nongame bird communities on managed 
     grasslands in North Dakota.  Canadian Field-Naturalist 101:551-557.
Reynolds, R. E., T. L. Shaffer, J. R. Sauer, and B. G. Peterjohn. 1994.  
     Conservation Reserve Program:  benefit for grassland birds in the northern 
     plains.  Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources 
     Conference 59:328-336.
Rodenhouse, N. L., L. B. Best, R. J. O'Connor, and E. K. Bollinger.  1995.  
     Effects of agricultural practices and farmland structures on neotropical 
     migratory birds.  Pp. 269-293 in T. E. Martin and D. M. Finch (editors).  
     Ecology and management of neotropical migratory birds:  a synthesis and 
     review of critical issues.  Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K.
Samson, F., and F. Knopf.  1994.  Prairie conservation in North America.  
     BioScience 44:418-421.
SAS Institute.  1987.  SAS/STAT Guide for personal computers, version 6 edition. 
     SAS Institute, Cary, NC.
Sherry, T. W., and R. T. Holmes.  1995.  Summer versus winter limitation of 
     populations:  what are the issues and what is the evidence?  Pp. 85-120 in 
     T. E. Martin and D. M. Finch (editors).  Ecology and management of 
     neotropical migratory birds:  a synthesis and review of critical issues.  
     Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K.
Smith, R. L.  1968.  Ammodramus savannarum (Gmelin) Grasshopper Sparrow.  U.S. 
     National Museum Bulletin 237, pt. 2:725-745.
Steel, R. G. D., and J. H. Torrie.  1980.  Principles and procedures of 
     statistics, 2d ed.  McGraw-Hill, New York, NY. 
Vickery, P. D., M. L. Hunter, Jr., and S. M. Melvin. 1994.  Effects of habitat 
     area on the distribution of grassland birds in Maine.  Conservation 
     Biology 8:1087-1097.
Warner, R. E.  1994.  Agricultural land use and grassland habitat in Illinois:  
     future shock for midwestern birds?  Conservation Biology 8:147-156.
Westmoreland, D., and L. B. Best.  1985.  The effect of disturbance on Mourning 
     Dove nesting success.  Auk 102:774-780.

Previous Section -- Acknowledgments
Return to Contents

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
Page Contact Information: Webmaster
Page Last Modified: Friday, 01-Feb-2013 19:09:24 EST
Sioux Falls, SD [sdww54]