USGS - science for a changing world

Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

  Home About NPWRC Our Science Staff Employment Contacts Common Questions About the Site

Temporal Flexibility of Reproduction in
Temperate-breeding Dabbling Ducks

Literature Cited

Bataille, K. J., and G. A. Baldassarre.  1993.  Distribution and abundance of 
     aquatic macro-invertebrates in three prairie pothole wetlands. Wetlands 

Bellrose, F. C.  1979.  Species distributions, habitats, and characteristics 
     of breeding dabbling ducks in North America. Pages 1-15 in Waterfowl and 
     wetlands—An integrated review (T. A. Bookhout, Ed.). North Central Section 
     of The Wildlife Society, Madison, Wisconsin.

Bellrose, F. C.  1980.  Ducks, geese, and swans of North America. Stackpole 
     Books, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.   

Bluhm, C. K.  1992.  Environmental and endocrine control of waterfowl 
     reproduction.  Pages 323-364 in Ecology and management of breeding 
     waterfowl (B. D. J. Batt, A. D. Afton, M. G. Anderson, C. D. Ankney, D. H. 
     Johnson, J. A. Kadlec, and G. L. Krapu, Eds.). University of Minnesota 
     Press, Minneapolis. 

Cowardin, L. M., D. S. Gilmer, and C. W. Shaiffer.  1985.  Mallard recruitment 
     in the agricultural environment of North Dakota. Wildlife Monographs No. 

Cox, R. R., Jr., M. A. Hanson, C. C. Roy, N. H. Euliss, Jr., D. H. Johnson, 
     and M. G. Butler.  1998.  Mallard duckling growth and survival in relation 
     to aquatic invertebrates. Journal of Wildlife Management 62:124-133. 

Cunningham, E. J. A.  1997.  Forced copulation and sperm competition in the 
     Mallard Anas platyrhynchos. Ph.D. thesis, University of Sheffield, 
     Sheffield, United Kingdom.    

Derrickson, S. R.  1978.  The mobility of breeding pintails. Auk 95:104-114. 

Donham, R. S.  1979.  Annual cycle of plasma luteinizing hormone and sex 
     hormones in male and female Mallards (Anas platyrhynchos). Biology of 
     Reproduction 21:1273-1285.

Drewien, R. C., and P. F. Springer.  1969.  Ecological relationships of 
     breeding Blue-winged Teal to prairie potholes. Pages 102-115 in Saskatoon
     wetlands seminar.  Canadian Wildlife Report Series No. 6.

DuBowy, P. J.  1988.  Waterfowl communities and seasonal environments: Temporal
     variability in interspecific competition. Ecology 69:1439-1453. 

Dzubin, A., and J. B. Gollop.  1972.  Aspects of Mallard breeding ecology in 
     Canadian parkland and grassland.  Pages 113-152 in Population ecology of 
     migratory birds (R. I. Smith, J. R. Palmer, and T. S. Baskett, Eds.). United 
     States Fish and Wildlife Service Wildlife Report No. 2.    

Elder, W. H., and M. W. Weller.  1954.  Duration of fertility in the domestic 
     Mallard hen after isolation from the drake.  Journal of Wildlife Management 

Eldridge, J. L., and G. L. Krapu.  1988.  The influence of diet quality on clutch 
     size and laying pattern in Mallards. Auk 105:102-110.

Esler, D., and J. B. Grand.  1994.  The role of nutrient reserves for clutch 
     formation by Northern Pintails in Alaska. Condor 96:422-432.    

Euliss, N. H., Jr., D. A. Wrubleski, and D. M. Mushet.  1999.  Wetlands of the 
     prairie pothole region: Invertebrate species composition, ecology, and 
     management.  Pages 471-514 in Invertebrates in freshwater wetlands of 
     North America: Ecology and management (D. P. Batzer, R. B. Rader, and S. A. 
     Wissinger, Eds.). John Wiley and Sons, New York.   

Farner, D. S., R. S. Donham, K. S. Matt, P. W. Mattocks, Jr., M. C. Moore, and 
     J. C. Wingfield.  1983.  The nature of photorefractoriness.  Pages 149-166 
     in Avian endocrinology: Environmental and ecological perspectives (S. 
     Mikami, K. Homma, and M. Wada, Eds.). Spring-Verlag, Berlin.

Gollop, J. B., and W. H. Marshall.  1954.  A guide for aging duck broods in the 
     field. Report of the Mississippi Flyway Council Technical Section.

Greenwood, R. G., A. B. Sargeant, D. H. Johnson, L. M. Cowardin, and T. L. 
     Shaffer.  1995.  Factors associated with duck nest success in the prairie 
     pothole region of Canada. Wildlife Monographs No. 128. 

Haase, E.  1983.  The annual reproductive cycle in Mallards.  Journal of 
     Steroid Biochemistry 19:731-737. 

Haase, E., P. J. Sharp, and E. Paulke.  1985.  Seasonal changes in the 
     concentrations of plasma gonadotropins and prolactin in wild Mallard 
     drakes. Journal of Experimental Zoology 234:301-305. 

Hahn, T. P., T. Boswell, J. C. Wingfield, and G. F. Ball.  1997.  Temporal
     flexibility in avian reproduction. Current Ornithology 14:39-80.

Hall, D. J.  1964.  An experimental approach to the dynamics of a natural 
     population of Daphnia galeata mendotae. Ecology 45:94-112. 

Hohn, E. O.  1947.  Sexual behaviour and seasonal changes in the gonads and 
     adrenals of the Mallard. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 

Johnson, D. H. 1979.  Estimating nest success: The Mayfield method and an 
     alternative. Auk 96:651-661. 

Johnson, D. H., and J. W. Grier.  1988.  Determinants of breeding distributions
     of ducks. Wildlife Monographs 100. 

Johnson, O. W.  1961.  Reproductive cycle of the Mallard duck. Condor 63:351-364.  

Johnson, O. W.  1966.  Quantitative features of spermatogenesis in the Mallard 
     (Anas platyrhynchos). Auk 83:233-239. 

Klett, A. T., H. F. Duebbert, C. A. Faanes, and K. F. Higgins.  1986.  
     Techniques for studying nest success of ducks in upland habitats in the 
     prairie pothole region. United States Fish and Wildlife Service Resource 
     Publication No. 158. 

Krapu, G. L.  1974.  Feeding ecology of Pintail hens during reproduction. 
     Auk 91:278-290.

Krapu, G. L.  1981.  The role of nutrient reserves in Mallard reproduction.
     Auk 98:29-38.  

Krapu, G. L., R. J. Greenwood, C. P. Dwyer, K. M. Kraft, and L. M. Cowardin.
     1997.  Wetland use, settling patterns and recruitment in Mallards. Journal
     of Wildlife Management 61:736-746.

Krapu, G. L., A. T. Klett, and D. G. Jorde.  1983.  The effect of variable water
     conditions on Mallard reproduction. Auk 100:689-698.     

Krapu, G. L., P. J. Pietz, D. A. Brandt, and R. R. Cox, Jr.  2000.   Factors 
     limiting Mallard brood survival in prairie pothole landscapes. Journal
     of Wildlife Management 64:153-161.

Krapu, G. L., and K. J. Reinecke.  1992.  Foraging ecology and nutrition.  
     Pages 1-29 in Ecology and management of breeding waterfowl (B. D. J. Batt, 
     A. D. Afton, M. G. Anderson, C. D. Ankney, D. H. Johnson, J. A. Kadlec, 
     and G. L. Krapu, Eds.). University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.

Lofts, B., and C. J. F. Coombs.  1965.  Photoperiodism and testicular refractory
     period in the Mallard. Journal of Zoology (London) 146:44-54. 

Lokemoen, J. T., H. F. Duebbert, and D. E. Sharp.  1990.  Homing and 
     reproductive habits of Mallards, Gadwalls, and Blue-winged Teal. Wildlife
     Monographs No. 106. 

Mathsoft.  1997.  S-Plus 4. Mathsoft, Seattle, Washington.

Murton, R. K., and J. Kear.  1976.  The role of day-length in regulating the
     breeding seasons and distribution of wildfowl. Pages 337-360 in Light as 
     an ecological factor, vol. 2 (R. Bainbridge, Ed.). Blackwell Scientific 
     Publishers, Oxford.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.  1892-1996.  Climatological 
     data: North Dakota, monthly summaries.  National Climatic Center, 
     Asheville, North Carolina. 

Nudds, T. D., and J. N. Bowlby.  1984.  Predator-prey size relationships in 
     North American dabbling ducks. Canadian Journal of Zoology 62:2002-2008.

Pospahala, R. S., D. R. Anderson, and C. J. Henny.  1974.  Population 
     ecology of the Mallard. II. Breeding habitat conditions, size of 
     breeding populations, and production indices. U.S. Fish and Wildlife 
     Service Resource Publication No. 115. 

Poston, H. J.  1969.  Relationships between the shoveler and its breeding 
     habitat at Strathmore, Alberta.  Pages 132-137 in Saskatoon wetlands 
     seminar. Canadian Wildlife Report Series No. 6.         

Reynolds, R. E., T. L. Shaffer, J. R. Sauer, and B. G. Peterson.  1994.  
     Conservation Reserve Program: Benefit for grassland birds in the Northern 
     Plains. Transactions North American Wildlife and Natural Resources 
     Conference 59:328-336.

Runfeldt, S., and J. C. Wingfield.  1985.  Experimentally prolonged sexual 
     activity in female sparrows delays termination of reproductive activity 
     in their untreated mates. Animal Behaviour 33:403-410.

Serie, J. R., and G. A. Swanson.  1976.  Feeding ecology of breeding Gadwalls 
     on saline wetlands. Journal of Wildlife Management 40:69-81. 

Smith, A. G.  1971.  Ecological factors affecting waterfowl production in the 
     Alberta parklands. United States Fish and Wildlife Service Resource 
     Publication No. 98.

Smith, R. I.  1970.  Response of Pintail breeding populations to drought. 
     Journal of Wildlife Management 34:943-946.  

Swanson, G. A., G. L. Krapu, and J. R. Serie.  1979.  Foods of laying female 
     dabbling ducks on the breeding grounds.  Pages 47-57 in Waterfowl and 
     wetlands: An integrated review (T. A. Bookhout, Ed.). North Central 
     Section of The Wildlife Society, Madison, Wisconsin.

United States Army Corps of Engineers.  1994.  The great flood of 1993: Post-
     flood report, Upper Mississippi River Basin. United States Army Corps of 
     Engineers, St. Paul, Minnesota.

United Staes Fish and Wildlife Service.  1998.  Waterfowl population status, 
     1998. United States Department of the Interior, Washington.  

Weller, M. W.  1956.  A simple field candler for waterfowl eggs.  Journal of 
     Wildlife Management 20:111-113. 

Previous Section -- Acknowledgments
Return to Contents

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
Page Contact Information: Webmaster
Page Last Modified: Friday, 01-Feb-2013 19:08:50 EST
Sioux Falls, SD [sdww55]