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The Cranes

Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan

Introduction to Global and Regional Recommendations

In this section, the conservation needs of the world’s cranes are identified on a global and regional basis. "Recommended Actions at the Global Level" outlines recommended crane conservation actions that pertain to the family as a whole. "Recommended Actions at the Regional Level" outlines recommended actions within nine regions around the world. The recommendations are derived from the priority conservation measures described in the species accounts in Section 2.

A regional, rather than national, approach has been adopted in this section for several reasons (see Table 3.1 for the distribution of cranes by region). Cranes are found in more than 100 countries on five continents. Some countries, such as China, Russia, India, and Ethiopia, harbor several species over the course of a year; others support only a single species during migration. Presenting detailed action plans for each country would thus be cumbersome and uneven. Each of the species occurs in more than one country, and populations of the migratory species of Europe and Asia cross many national boundaries during migration. Thus, in most cases conservation actions for cranes have required, and will continue to require, cooperation on a regional basis. Especially in the case of the endangered taxa, regional coordination is essential to successful conservation. Finally, many of recommended actions benefit two or more species simultaneously. Regional-scale approaches thus allow for more efficient planning and implementation of crane conservation measures.

Although the actions recommended in this section are not defined at the national level, they do contain and reflect country-specific priorities (many of which are also included in the species accounts). In addition, many countries, especially in Europe and Africa, have developed national-level action plans. Information from these plans has been taken into account in preparing the regional recommendations. Existing national action plans are available upon request from the various Crane Working Groups and from the International Crane Foundation. (For the benefit of countries that have not yet developed national-level action plans, Appendix 4 provides a basic format).

Table 3.1 Distribution of cranes by region
Region Species
1. West Africa Black Crowned Crane
Demoiselle Crane
Eurasian Crane
2. East Africa Black Crowned Crane
Grey Crowned Crane
Demoiselle Crane
Wattled Crane
Eurasian Crane
3. Southern Africa Grey Crowned Crane
Blue Crane
Wattled Crane
4. Western Palearctic Demoiselle Crane
Siberian Crane (?)
Eurasian Crane
5. Central Asia Demoiselle Crane
Siberian Crane
Sarus Crane
Eurasian Crane
Black-necked Crane
6. East Asia Demoiselle Crane
Siberian Crane
Sandhill Crane
White-naped Crane
Eurasian Crane
Hooded Crane
Red-crowned Crane
7. Southeast Asia Sarus Crane
8. Australia/New Guinea     Sarus Crane
9. North America Sandhill Crane
Whooping Crane

Previous Section--Red-crowned Crane
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Next Section--Recommended Actions at the Global Level

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