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Bird Checklists of the United States

Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve

Copper Center, Alaska


KEY TO SYMBOLS:

* - Positive identification made in the Park/Preserve
C - Common
U - Uncommon
R - Rare
+ - Casual or accidental vagrants
(--) - Not known to occur within the region

Parenthesed numbers represent season:
1 - Spring
2 - Summer
3 - Fall
4 - Winter

The two biogeographic regions considered are:
Interior - North of the Bagley Ice Field
Coastal - South of the Bagley Ice Field


LOONS Interior Coastal ___ Common Loon *C(1,2) *C(1) ___ Yellow-billed Loon + (1,3) *R(1,2) ___ Pacific Loon *C(1,3) *C(1,3,4) ___ Red-throated Loon *U(1,2,3) C(1,2,3)
GREBES Interior Coastal ___ Red-necked Grebe *C(1,2,3) *C(1,3) ___ Horned Grebe *C(1,2,3) C(1,3,4)
TUBENOSES Interior Coastal ___ Black-footed Albatross -- C(1,2,3) ___ Laysan Albatross -- R(1,2,3) ___ Northern Fulmar -- C(1,2,3) ___ Pink-footed Shearwater -- R(1,2,3) ___ Sooty Shearwater -- C(1,2,3) ___ Short-tailed Shearwater -- C(2) ___ Mottled Shearwater -- U(1,2,3) ___ Fork-tailed Storm-petrel + (3) C(1,2,3) ___ Leach's Storm-petrel -- R(1,2,3)
CORMORANTS Interior Coastal ___ Double-crested Cormorant + (2) *C(1,2,3) ___ Pelagic Cormorant -- *C(1,2,3,4) ___ Red-faced Cormorant -- U(1,2,3,4)
HERONS Interior Coastal ___ Great Blue Heron -- *U(1,2,3,4)
SWANS, GEESE, DUCKS Interior Coastal ___ Tundra Swan *C(1,3) *C(1,3) ___ Trumpeter Swan *C(1,2,3) C(1,2,3) ___ Canada Goose *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Brant + (1) *C(2) ___ Emporer Goose -- R(4) ___ Snow Goose *C(1,3) C(1,3) ___ Greater White-fronted Goose *C(1,3) *C(1,3) ___ Mallard *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3,4) ___ Gadwall R(1,2,3) C(1,3) ___ Northern Pintail *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Green-winged Teal *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Blue-winged Teal *U(1,3) *R(1,2,3) ___ Northern Shoveler *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ American Wigeon *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Eurasian Wigeon *R(1) R(1) ___ Canvasback *U(1,2,3) U(1,2,3) ___ Ring-necked Duck *U(1,2,3) R(1,2,3,4) ___ Greater Scaup *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3,4) ___ Lesser Scaup *C(1,2,3) R(1,3,4) ___ Redhead *U(1,3) *R(1,2,3) ___ Common Goldeneye *C(1,2,3) *C(1,3,4) ___ Barrow's Goldeneye *C(1,2,3) C(1,2,3,4) ___ Bufflehead *C(1,2,3) C(1,2,3) ___ Harlequin Duck *U(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3,4) ___ Common Eider -- R(1,2,3,4) ___ King Eider -- R(4) ___ Steller's Eider -- R(4) ___ Oldsquaw *C(1,3) *C(1,3,4) ___ Black Scoter R(1,2,3) *C(1,3,4) ___ White-winged Scoter *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3,4) ___ Surf Scoter *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3,4) ___ Hooded Merganser R(1,2,3) R(1,2,3) ___ Red-breasted Merganser *U(1,2,3,4) *C(1,2,3,4) ___ Common Merganser *R(1,2,3,4) *C(1,2,3,4)
HAWKS, EAGLES Interior Coastal ___ Bald Eagle *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3,4) ___ Northern Harrier *U(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Northern Goshawk *U(1,2,3,4) *U(1,2,3,4) ___ Red-tailed Hawk *C(1,2,3,4) *R(1,2,3) ___ Swainson's Hawk R(1,2,3) + (1,3) ___ Rough-legged Hawk *C(1,3,4) *R(1,3) ___ Golden Eagle *C(1,2,3,4) R(1,2,3,4)
FALCONS Interior Coastal ___ American Kestrel *U(1,2,3) *R(1,3) ___ Merlin *U(1,2,3) *R(1,2,3,4) ___ Peregrine Falcon *R(1,2,3) *R(1,2,3,4) ___ Gyrfalcon *U(1,2,3,4) R(1,2,3,4)
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS Interior Coastal ___ Spruce Grouse *C(1,2,3,4) R(1,2,3,4) ___ Ruffed Grouse R(1,2,3,4) -- ___ Willow Ptarmigan *C(1,2,3,4) *U(1,2,3,4) ___ Rock Ptarmigan *C(1,2,3,4) C(1,2,3,4) ___ White-tailed Ptarmigan *U(1,2,3,4) R(1,2,3,4) ___ Sharp-tailed Grouse *C(1,2,3,4) --
CRANES Interior Coastal ___ Sandhill Crane *C(1,3) C(1,3)
RAILS, COOTS Interior Coastal ___ American Coot R(1,2,3) + (1,2,3)
PLOVERS Interior Coastal ___ Semipalmated Plover *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Killdeer *R(1,2,3) R(1,2,3) ___ American Golden-Plover *C(1,2,3) C(1,3) ___ Black-bellied Plover R(1,2,3) C(1,3)
OYSTERCATCHERS Interior Coastal ___ American Black Oystercatcher -- *C(1,2,3)
SANDPIPERS Interior Coastal ___ Hudsonian Godwit R(1) U(1,2,3) ___ Whimbrel *U(1,2,3) C(1,3) ___ Greater Yellowlegs *U(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Lesser Yellowlegs *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Solitary Sandpiper *U(1,2,3) U(1,3) ___ Upland Sandpiper *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Wandering Tattler *U(1,2,3) C(1,3) ___ Short-billed Dowitcher -- C(1,2,3) ___ Long-billed Dowitcher *C(1,3) C(1,3) ___ Red Phalarope + (1,2) C(1,3) ___ Red-necked Phalarope *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Common Snipe *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Surfbird *U(1,2,3) C(1,3) ___ Ruddy Turnstone R(1) C(1) ___ Black Turnstone + (2,3) C(1,3) ___ Rock Sandpiper -- C(1,3,4) ___ Pectoral Sandpiper *C(1,3) C(1,3) ___ Red Knot + (1) C(1) ___ Dunlin + (1,2,3) C(1,3) ___ Sanderling R(1,3) *U(1,2,3) ___ Baird's Sandpiper *U(1,2,3) U(1,3) ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper *C(1,3) *U(1,3) ___ Least Sandpiper *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Western Sandpiper *R(1,3) *C(1,3)
JAEGERS, GULLS, TERNS Interior Coastal ___ Parasitic Jaeger R(2) *C(2,3) ___ Pomarine Jaeger + (2) C(1,3) ___ Long-tailed Jaeger *C(1,2,3) R(1,2,3) ___ Glaucous Gull R(1,2,3) R(1,2,3,4) ___ Glaucous-winged Gull R(2,3) *C(1,2,3,4) ___ Herring Gull *U(1,2,3) *C(1,3) ___ Thayer's Gull -- R(1,2,3,4) ___ Ring-billed Gull *R(1,2,3) R(1,2,3,4) ___ Mew Gull *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3,4) ___ Black-legged Kittiwake + (3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Bonaparte's Gull *U(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Sabine's Gull + (2) U(1,3) ___ Arctic Tern *U(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Aleutian Tern -- *U(1,2,3)
ALCIDS Interior Coastal ___ Common Murre + (4) *C(1,2,3,4) ___ Thick-billed Murre -- R(1,2,3,4) ___ Pigeon Guillemot -- *C(1,2,3,4) ___ Horned Puffin -- U(1,2,3) ___ Tufted Puffin -- C(1,2,3) ___ Rhinocerus Auklet -- R(1,2,3,4) ___ Crested Auklet + (3) R(4) ___ Cassin's Auklet -- R(1,2,3) ___ Marbled Murrelet -- *C(1,2,3,4) ___ Kittlitz's Murrelet -- *C(1,2,3) ___ Ancient Murrelet -- *R(1,2,3,4) ___ Parakeet Auklet -- R(1,2,3)
DOVES Interior Coastal ___ Mourning Dove + (1,2,3) R(3)
OWLS Interior Coastal ___ Great Horned Owl *C(1,2,3,4) C(1,2,3,4) ___ Snowy Owl *R(1,4) U(4) ___ Northern Hawk Owl *C(1,2,3,4) *C(4) ___ Great Gray Owl *R(1,2,3,4) R(1,2,3,4) ___ Short-eared Owl *U(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Boreal Owl *C(1,2,3,4) U(1,2,3,4)
HUMMINGBIRDS Interior Coastal ___ Rufous Hummingbird *R(2) *C(1,2,3)
KINGFISHERS Interior Coastal ___ Belted Kingfisher *C(1,2,3) *U(1,2,3,4)
WOODPECKERS Interior Coastal ___ Northern Flicker *C(1,2,3) *U(3) ___ Hairy Woodpecker *C(1,2,3,4) *U(1,2,3,4) ___ Downy Woodpecker *U(1,2,3,4) *U(1,2,3,4) ___ Black-backed Woodpecker R(1,2,3,4) + (1,2,3) ___ Three-toed Woodpecker *U(1,2,3,4) *R(1,2,3,4) ___ Red-breasted Sapsucker *+(2) + (1,3,4)
FLYCATCHERS Interior Coastal ___ Say's Phoebe *U(1,2,3) R(1,2,3) ___ Alder Flycatcher *C(1,2,3) R(1,2,3) ___ Hammond's Flycatcher *U(1,2,3) -- ___ Western Wood-Pewee *U(1,2,3) R(2,3) ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher *U(1,2,3) R(1,2,3)
LARKS Interior Coastal ___ Horned Lark *C(1,2,3) R(1,2,3)
SWALLOWS Interior Coastal ___ Violet-green Swallow *C(1,2,3) C(1,2,3) ___ Tree Swallow *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Bank Swallow *C(1,2,3) *U(1,2,3) ___ Cliff Swallow *C(1,2,3) U(1,2,3) ___ Barn Swallow *R(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3)
CORVIDS Interior Coastal ___ Gray Jay *C(1,2,3,4) *R(1,2,3,4) ___ Steller's Jay + (3) *C(1,2,3,4) ___ Common Raven *C(1,2,3,4) *C(1,2,3,4) ___ Northwestern Crow -- *C(1,2,3,4) ___ Black-billed Magpie *C(1,2,3,4) *C(1,2,3,4)
TITMICE Interior Coastal ___ Black-capped Chickadee *C(1,2,3,4) *U(1,2,3,4) ___ Chestnut-backed Chickadee -- *C(1,2,3,4) ___ Siberian Tit + (1,2,3,4) -- ___ Boreal Chicakadee *C(1,2,3,4) R(1,2,3,4)
NUTHATCHES Interior Coastal ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch *+(1,2,3,4) *U(3)
CREEPERS Interior Coastal ___ Brown Creeper R(1,2,3,4) *U(1,2,3,4)
WRENS Interior Coastal ___ Winter Wren -- *U(1,2,3,4)
DIPPERS Interior Coastal ___ American Dipper *U(1,2,3,4) *C(1,2,3,4)
MUSCICAPIDS Interior Coastal ___ American Robin *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Varied Thrush *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Townsend's Solitaire *U(1,2,3) R(1,2,3) ___ Hermit Thrush *U(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Swainson's Thrush *C(1,2,3) U(1,2,3) ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush *C(1,2,3) U(1,2,3) ___ Mountain Bluebird *R(1,2,3) + (3) ___ Northern Wheatear *U(1,2,3) R(1,2,3) ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet R(2,3) *U(1,2,3,4) ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Arctic Warbler *R(1,2,3) --
PIPITS Interior Coastal ___ American Pipit *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3)
WAXWINGS Interior Coastal ___ Bohemian Waxwing *C(1,2,3) U(1,2,3)
SHRIKES Interior Coastal ___ Northern Shrike *U(1,2,3) *U(1,2,3)
STARLINGS Interior Coastal ___ European Starling R(1,2,3) R(1,3,4)
WARBLERS Interior Coastal ___ Orange-crowned Warbler *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Yellow Warbler *U(1,2,3) *U(1,2,3) ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler *C(1,2,3) *U(1,2,3) ___ Townsend's Warbler *R(1,2,3) *U(1,2,3) ___ Blackpoll Warbler *U(1,2,3) R(1,2,3) ___ Northern Waterthrush *C(1,2,3) R(1,2,3) ___ Wilson's Warbler *C(1,2,3) *R(1,2,3) ___ Rusty Blackbird *U(1,2,3) *R(1,2,3)
BLACKBIRDS Interior Coastal ___ Red-winged Blackbird R(1,2,3) *R(1,2,3) ___ Brown-headed Cowbird + (1,2,3) + (1,2,3)
SPARROWS Interior Coastal ___ Savannah Sparrow *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Dark-eyed Junco *C(1,2,3) *U(1,2,3,4) ___ American Tree Sparrow *C(1,2,3) U(1,3) ___ Chipping Sparrow R(1,2,3) + (1,2,3) ___ Brewer's Sparrow *+(1,2) -- ___ White-crowned Sparrow *C(1,2,3) *U(1,2,3) ___ Golden-crowned Sparrow *U(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Fox Sparrow *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Lincoln's Sparrow *C(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Song Sparrow R(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3,4) ___ Lapland Longspur *C(1,2,3) U(1,3) ___ Smith's Longspur *R(1,2,3) -- ___ Snow Bunting *C(1,3) *U(1,3)
FINCHES Interior Coastal ___ Pine Grosbeak *U(1,2,3,4) *U(1,2,3,4) ___ Rosy Finch *U(1,2,3) *U(1,2,3) ___ Common Redpoll *C(1,2,3,4) *R(1,4) ___ Hoary Redpoll *C(1,4) *R(1,4) ___ Pine Siskin *U(1,2,3) *C(1,2,3) ___ Red Crossbill -- *R(1,2,3,4) ___ White-winged Crossbill *C(1,2,3,4) *U(1,2,3,4) ___ Brambling *+(1,3,4) + (3,4)

If you observe birds that are not on this checklist please notify Park headquarters. For more information, contact:
                    Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve
                    P.O. Box 439
                    Copper Center, AK 99573
                    Telephone: 907/822-5234
This resource is based on the following source:
Alaska Natural History Association.  1993.  Checklist of the birds in Wrangell-
     St. Elias National Park and Preserve.  Alaska Natural History Association.  
     Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
Alaska Natural History Association.  1993.  Checklist of the birds in Wrangell-
     St. Elias National Park and Preserve.  Alaska Natural History Association. 
     Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.  
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govwrangell.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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