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Bird Checklists of the United States

Birds of The Palmer Area

Palmer, Alaska


The following codes accompany each species on the list:

Time of year the species is most common:

P - permanent; year-round
S - summer
M - migration
W - winter

Ease of finding the species at a time of year:

1 - Most easily seen.  The birds occupy much of a widespread habitat, or they are abundant
seasonally.

2 - Seen with moderate effort.  The birds occur regularly in restricted areas, or they 
occur in low numbers in widespread habitat, or they arrive in moderate numbers seasonally.

3 - Seen with substantial effort or good luck.  Individuals are scarce, but within the species'
geographic range.

4 - Seen with luck.  The birds are irregular visitors outside the species' normal geographic
range.

___ Red-throated loon S 3 ___ Pacific loon S 2 ___ Common loon S 2
___ Horned Grebe S 2 ___ Red-necked Grebe S 1
___ Great blue heron S 4
___ Tundra swan M 2 ___ Trumpeter swan M;2 S;2 ___ Greater White-fronted Goose M 2 ___ Snow Goose M 2 ___ Brant M 3 ___ Canada Goose M;1 S;3 ___ Green-winged Teal S 1 ___ Mallard S 1 ___ Northern Pintail S 1 ___ Blue-winged Teal S 4 ___ Northern Shoveler S 2 ___ Gadwall M 3 ___ Eurasian Wigeon M 4 ___ American Wigeon S 1 ___ Canvasback S 2 ___ Redhead M 4 ___ Ring-necked Duck S 3 ___ Greater Scaup S 2 ___ Lesser Scaup S 2 ___ Harlequin Duck S 3 ___ Oldsquaw M 3 ___ Surf Scoter S 3 ___ White-winged Scoter M 3 ___ Common Goldeneye S 2 ___ Barrow's Goldeneye S 2 ___ Bufflehead S 2 ___ Common Merganser P 2 ___ Red-breasted Merganser S 3 ___ Ruddy Duck M 4
___ Osprey M 3 ___ Bald Eagle P 2 ___ Northern Harrier M 2 ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk S 2 ___ Northern Goshawk P 2 ___ Swainson's Hawk S 3 ___ Red-tailed Hawk, incl. Harlan's phase S 2 ___ Rough-legged Hawk M 2 ___ Golden Eagle S 3
___ American Kestrel S 2 ___ Merlin S 2 ___ Peregrine Falcon P 3 ___ Gyrafalcon P 3
___ Spruce Grouse P 2 ___ Willow Ptarmigan P 2 ___ Rock Ptarmigan P 2 ___ White-tailed Ptarmigan P 2
___ American Coot M 4
___ Sandhill Crane M;1 S;3
___ Black-bellied Plover M 3 ___ Lesser Golden-plover M;3 S;3 ___ Semi-palmated Plover S 2
___ Greater Yellowlegs S 1 ___ Lesser Yellowlegs S 1 ___ Solitary Sandpiper S 3 ___ Wandering Tattler S 3 ___ Spotted Sandpiper S 2 ___ Upland Sandpiper M 4 ___ Whimbrel M;2 S;3 ___ Hudsonian Godwit M 3 ___ Semi-palmated Sandpiper M 1 ___ Western Sandpiper M 2 ___ Least Sandpiper M 1 ___ Baird's Sandpiper M 3 ___ Pectoral Sandpiper M 1 ___ Dunlin M 4 ___ Short-billed Dowitcher M 2 ___ Long-billed Dowitcher M 2 ___ Common Snipe S 1 ___ Red-necked Phalarope S 1
___ Long-tailed Jaeger S 3 ___ Bonaparte's Gull S 2 ___ Mew Gull S 1 ___ Herring Gull S 1 ___ Glaucous-winged Gull S 2 ___ Artic Tern S 2
___ Rock Dove P 2
___ Great Horned Owl P 2 ___ Snowy Owl W 4 ___ Northern Hawk-owl P 3 ___ Great Gray Owl P 3 ___ Short-eared Owl M 2 ___ Boreal Owl P 3 ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl P 4 ___ Rufous Hummingbird S 4
___ Belted Kingfisher S 2
___ Downy Woodpecker P 2 ___ Hairy Woodpecker P 2 ___ Three-toed Woodpecker P 3 ___ Black-backed Woodpecker P 3 ___ Northern Flicker S 3
___ Olive-sided Flycatcher S 2 ___ Western Wood-pewee S 2 ___ Alder Flycatcher S 1
___ Horned Lark S 3
___ Tree Swallow S 1 ___ Violet-green Swallow S 1 ___ Bank Swallow S 2 ___ Cliff Swallow S 2
___ Gray Jay P 2 ___ Steller's Jay P 4 ___ Black-billed Magpie P 1 ___ Common Raven P 1
___ Black-capped Chickadee P 1 ___ Boreal Chickadee P 2
___ Red-breasted Nuthatch P 3
___ Brown Creeper P 3
___ American Dipper P 3
___ Golden-crowned Kinglet S 2 ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet S 1 ___ Northern Wheatear S 3 ___ Townsend's Solitaire S 3 ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush S 2 ___ Swainson's Thrush S 1 ___ Hermit Thrush S 2 ___ American Robin S 1 ___ Varied Thrush S 1
___ Water Pipit S 1
___ Bohemian Waxwing P 2
___ Northern Shrike P 2
___ European Starling P 2
___ Orange-crowned Warbler S 1 ___ Yellow Warbler S 1 ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler S 1 ___ Townsend's Warbler S 3 ___ Blackpoll Warbler S 1 ___ Northern Waterthrush S 1 ___ Wilson's Warbler S 1 ___ American Tree Sparrow S 2 ___ Savannah Sparrow S 2 ___ Fox Sparrow S 1 ___ Song Sparrow S 2 ___ Lincoln's Sparrow S 3 ___ Golden-crowned Sparrow S 1 ___ White-crowned Sparrow S 1 ___ Dark-eyed Junco S 1 ___ Lapland Longspur M 1 ___ Snow Bunting W 3 ___ Rusty Blackbird S 1
___ Rosy Finch S 3 ___ Pine Grosbeak P 2 ___ White-winged Crossbill P 3 ___ Common Redpoll P 1 ___ Hoary Redpoll P 3 ___ Pine Siskin P 2
The following species have been reported by more than one observer, but during a single season only: ___ Barnacle Goose April, 1985 ___ Wood Duck October, 1985 ___ Bar-tailed Godwit May, 1987 ___ Surfbird June, 1985 ___ Glaucous Gull May, 1986 ___ Say's Phoebe July, 1986 ___ Brown-headed Cowbird June, 1983 The following species have been reported as single birds on one occasion by a single observer: ___ Western Grebe 1983 ___ Fork-tailed Storm-petrel 1970's ___ Double-crested Cormorant 1987 ___ Killdeer 1986 ___ Spotted Redshank 1987 ___ Sanderling 1987 ___ Mourning Dove mid-1960's ___ Anna's Hummingbird 1983 ___ Northwestern Crow 1987 ___ Mountain Bluebird late-1970's ___ Red-crossbill 1985

This resource is based on the following source:
Bronson, Michael T.  1988.  "Birds of the Palmer Area.  Palmer, Alaska. 
     Media North Printing.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
Bronson, Michael T.  1988.  "Birds of the Palmer Area.  Palmer, Alaska. 
     Media North Printing.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: 
     Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.   
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govpalmer.htm. 
     (Version 1988) 

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