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Bird Checklists of the United States

Birds of Northwest Alaska

Cape Krusenstern National Monument
Kobuk Valley National Park
Noatak National Preserve

Kotzebue, Alaska


Northwestern Alaska: Birds and their habitats
The Artic and migratory birds
Abbreviations and Codes

CAKR = Cape Krusenstern National Monument
KOVA = Kobuk Valley National Park
NOAT = Noatak National Preserve

A = Abundant
F = Fairly Common
C = Common
U = Uncommon
O = Occasional
R = Rare

x = Not known to occur
* = Nests in unit


LOONS                          CAKR     KOVA     NOAT     Eskimo Name

___ Red-throated Loon          F*       U        F*       qaqsrauq
___ Arctic Loon                R*       C*       R*       malgi
___ Common Loon                R*       R        R        taatchiniq
___ Pacific Loon               F*       O        O*       -
___ Yellow-billed Loon         R*       x        F*       tuulik

GREBES CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Horned Grebe R O R sugliq ___ Red-necked Grebe O* O O* suglitchauraq
SHEARWATERS CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Short-tailed Shearwater R x x -
CORMORANTS CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Pelagic Cormorant R x x -
SWANS & GEESE CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Tundra Swan U* U U* kugruk ___ Trumpeter Swan R x x - ___ G. White-fronted Goose U* U* R kigiyuk ___ Snow Goose R R x kanug ___ Emperor Goose R x x nasrauthik ___ Canada Goose O O* O* iqsragutilik ___ Brant O* x x niglignaq
WATERFOWL CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Green-winged Teal C* U* C* quinniq ___ Mallard O O R ivugasrugruk ___ Northern Pintail F* C* F* ivugak ___ Northern Shoveler C* U x alluutaq ___ Eurasian Wigeon R x x - ___ American Wigeon C* C* C* ugiihiq ___ Canvasback O* O R - ___ Redhead R x x - ___ Ring-necked Duck R x x - ___ Greater Scaup C* U C* qaqlukpalik ___ Lesser Scaup O U x qaqlutuuq ___ Common Eider C* x R - ___ Steller's Eider R x x - ___ King Eider O x x - ___ Spectacled Eider R x x - ___ Harlequin Duck O R R sagvak tinmiaq ___ Oldsquaw A* C A* ahaaliq ___ Black Scoter U* U U* uvinauyuk ___ Surf Scoter O* C O* tuungaagruk ___ White-winged Scoter R x U* killalik ___ Goldeneye Spp R R R - ___ Bufflehead R x x nunuqsigiilaq ___ Common Merganser U x x - ___ Red-breasted Merganser U* U* U* paisugruk
HAWKS & EAGLES CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Osprey R R R* qaluksiigayuk ___ Bald Eagle R x x tinmaiqpuk ___ Northern Harrier C C U* - ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk R R R - ___ Northern Goshawk R R R - ___ Red-tailed Hawk R x x - ___ Rough-legged Hawk O* O* O* kilgiq ___ Golden Eagle O* R O* -
FALCONS CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ American Kestrel R* R R - ___ Merlin O O O kingavaichaiq ___ Peregrine Falcon R* R x - ___ Gyrfalcon O* O O* -
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Spruce Grouse R O* U* napaaqtuum ___ Willow Ptarmigan F* C* F* aqargiq ___ Rock Ptarmigan U* U U* niqsaaqtuniq
CRANES CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Sandhill Crane F* U U* tattirgaq
PLOVERS CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Black-bellied Plover R* x x - ___ American Golden-Plover F* O U* tullik ___ Pacific Golden Plover R x U* - ___ Semipalmated Plover R* R C* - ___ Killdeer R x x -
SHOREBIRDS CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Greater Yellowlegs R x x - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs R U R* tinmiam qipmia ___ Wandering Tattler R R R* - ___ Spotted Sandpiper R R O* - ___ Solitary Sandpiper x U R* - ___ Upland Sandpiper R x U* - ___ Whimbrel O* O U* - ___ Bristle-thighed Curlew R x x - ___ Hudsonian Godwit R x x - ___ Bar-tailed Godwit F* x x - ___ Ruddy Turnstone R x x - ___ Black Turnstone U* x O - ___ Surfbird R R x - ___ Red Knot O x x - ___ Sanderling R R x - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper C* R C* - ___ Western Sandpiper C* R x - ___ Rufous-necked Stint R x x - ___ Temminck's Stint R x x - ___ Least Sandpiper R R R* - ___ Baird's Sandpiper O* R O - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper C* C C - ___ Sharp-tailed Sandpiper R x x - ___ Rock Sandpiper R x x - ___ Dunlin F* x x - ___ Stilt Sandpiper R x x - ___ Buff-breasted Sandpiper R x R - ___ Ruff R x x - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher F* R C* - ___ Common Snipe U* O* U* - ___ Red Phalarope O x x - ___ Red-necked Phalarope F* U C* saavauraq
JAEGERS, GULLS, & TERNS CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Parasitic Jaeger F* x C isrunaq ___ Long-tailed Jaeger F* F C* - ___ Pomarine Jaeger F U x - ___ Bonaparte's Gull R U x tigitigaq ___ Mew Gull F* U C* nauyatchiaq ___ Herring Gull O R O - ___ Thayer's Gull R x x - ___ Slaty-backed Gull R x x - ___ Glaucous-winged Gull R* O x - ___ Glaucous Gull F* U* C* nauyasugruk ___ Black-legged Kittiwake O O x - ___ Ross's Gull R x x - ___ Sabine's Gull O R x aqargiyiaq ___ Ivory Gull R x x - ___ Arctic Tern F* U F* mitqutailaq ___ Aleutian Tern R* x x -
AUKS & PUFFINS CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Common Murre R x x - ___ Thick-billed Murre R x x - ___ Black Gullimot R x x - ___ Kittlitz's Murrelet R x x - ___ Horned Puffin R x x -
OWLS CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Great Horned Owl R O* R nukisagaq ___ Snowy Owl R R x ukpik ___ Northern Hawk-Owl R U R - ___ Great Gray Owl R x x - ___ Short-eared Owl U O U - ___ Boreal Owl R R x -
NIGHTJARS CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Lesser Nighthawk R x x -
WOODPECKERS CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Northern Flicker R R R* - ___ Three-toed Woodpecker U O O* tuuyuq
KINGFISHERS CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Belted Kingfisher x O C* nakuutchiqiq
FLYCATCHERS CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher x R R - ___ Western Wood Pewee x x R - ___ Alder Flycatcher R R R - ___ Say's Phoebe R* R R* - ___ Eastern Kingbird R x x -
LARKS CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Horned Lark O* x C* -
SWALLOWS CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Tree Swallow U* O* U* tulugagnauraq ___ Violet-green Swallow R x x - ___ Bank Swallow O* O* O* - ___ Cliff Swallow R R U* -
JAYS, CROWS, & MAGPIES CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Gray Jay U* C* O* kiiriq ___ Common Raven C* C C* tulugaq
TITMICE & CHICKADEES CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Black-capped Chickadee R R x - ___ Siberian Tit R R* R - ___ Boreal Chickadee O U* R* - ___ American Dipper x U x -
THRUSHES CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Arctic Warbler R* R R* - ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet R U R - ___ Bluethroat R x R* - ___ Northern Wheatear R O C* - ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush O C* O* - ___ Swainson's Thrush R R R - ___ Hermit Thrush R x x kanayuq ___ American Robin R* R R* - ___ Varied Thrush x F C* -
WAGTAILS & PIPITS CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Yellow Wagtail C R C* pigaq ___ White Wagtail R x x - ___ Black-backed Wagtail R x x - ___ Red-throated Pipit R x x - ___ American Pipit R* O C* -
WAXWINGS CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Bohemian Waxwing R U U* -
SHRIKES CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Northern Shrike O* U* O* iraiyaruuq
WARBLERS, SPARROWS, BUNTINGS, & BLACKBIRDS CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Orange-crowned Warbler R R U* - ___ Yellow Warbler O C O* sunaqpaluktuuraq ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler R C O* - ___ Blackpoll Warbler R C C* - ___ Northern Waterthrush R* R O* - ___ Wilson's Warbler O U O* - ___ American Tree Warbler F* F A* - ___ Savannah Sparrow A* A A* - ___ Fox Sparrow U U C* - ___ Lincoln's Sparrow x R x - ___ Golden-crowned Sparrow R U O* - ___ White-crowned Sparrow C C* C* - ___ Dark-eyed Junco R U* R* - ___ Lapland Longspur A* O* A* - ___ Snow Bunting R R R amautlikauraq ___ McKay's Bunting R x x - ___ Rusty Blackbird R U R tulukkam ittuq
FINCHES CAKR KOVA NOAT Eskimo Name ___ Rosy Finch R x U - ___ Pine Grosbeak R U* R* qayuttaaq ___ White-winged Crossbill R F* x - ___ Common Redpoll F* F* F* saksakiiraq ___ Hoary Redpoll F* F* F* -

Information in this checklist is based on scientific literature published by scientists over several decades. Equally important are contemporary observations by local birders, particularly Robert Uhl and Jean Robb. Local Eskimo names are included through the efforts of Jonas Ramoth. This checklist was compiled and edited by Mark Schroeder.

We need your help:

The status of each species listed on this checklist is based on available information concerning the abundance and distribution of coastal birds in the northwest arctic region. If you observe any birds in the areas identified that are listed as rare or that are not listed on this checklist, please send your sighting along with complete field observation notes to:

          Biologist
          Northwest Alaska Areas
          National Park Service
          Post Office Box 1029
          Kotzebue, AK 99752
This resource is based on the following source:
Schroeder, Mark. 1996.  Birds of the Northwest Alaska areas.  National 
     Park Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
Schroeder, Mark. 1996.  Birds of the Northwest Alaska areas.  National 
     Park Service.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: 
     Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.  
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govnoalaska.htm 
     (Version 01SEPT98).

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