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Anchorage Area Military Reservations
Elmendorf Air Force Base
Fort Richardson


Fort Richardson & Elmendorf AFB

Established in 1939, by Executive Order, Fort Richardson and Elmendorf Field were formally designated on 12 November 1940. In 1950, the Army moved its operations to the east; Elmendorf Air Force Base (EAFB) was established on the original site.

Fort Richardson was named for pioneer Alaska explorer, Brigadier General W.P. Richardson, who was responsible for surveying and building early railroads, road systems, and bridges in Alaska. The fort's first mission was establishment of a permanent air base, supply depot and garrison for defense of Alaska at the onset of WWII. It expanded to become the logistics base for numerous Army garrisons and the Air Corps. Now encompassing 62,100 acres, Fort Richardson is home to Headquarters United States Army Alaska (USARAK). Their mission is to maintain a light, deployable force capable of defending United States interests across the globe. Facilities are airborne and airlift operations drop zone, heliport, firing ranges, and infantry training areas. Soldiers learn arctic survival skills and standard military specialties.

Elmendorf Air Force Base, (EAFB) is named for Capt. Hugh M. Elmendorf, killed in 1933 while flight testing an experimental fighter. EAFB's 13,095 acres are home to these headquarters: 3rd Wing, 11th Air Force, Alaskan Command and Alaskan NORAD Region. The 3rd Wing's mission is to train and equip an Air Expeditionary Force lead wing comprised of 6,900 personnel and F-15C and F-15E fighters, E-3 Airborne Warning Command planes, C-130 transport and C-12 aircraft. The wing provides air superiority, surveillance, tactical airlift, and agile combat support forces for global deployment. The wing maintains the installation for critical force staging and throughout operations in support of worldwide contingencies and provides medical care for forces in Alaska

The installations are northeast of Anchorage, between the Knik Arm of Cook Inlet to the northwest and the Chugach Mountains to the southeast. Bird habitat is primarily boreal forest; white spruce and birch, on a gravelly glacial moraine, interspersed with black spruce and sedge wetlands. Glacial pothole lakes and artificial waterbodies provide waterfowl habitat. In addition, Fort Richardson has a large saltwater marsh. Eagle River Flats, and mountainous habitat. Several species, unusual in urban Anchorage, occur in the relatively undisturbed forests and lakes on the bases: Common Loon, Gadwall, Ring-necked Duck, Bald Eagle, Red-tailed Hawk, Three-toed and Black-backed Woodpeckers, and Bohemian Waxwing. Recommended Fort Richardson viewing areas include Otter, Gwen, Clunie, and Waldon Lakes, McVeigh Marsh, Eagle River Flats and Arctic Valley Road. For EAFB, see Upper and Lower Six Mile Lakes, Green Lake, Knik Bluff nature trail, and state hatchery pond just outside the Post Road gate. For information about access to the installations, contact Fort Richardson, 907-384-2072, or EAFB, 907-552-2436.


Legend

Abundant - 1
Common - 2
Uncommon - 3
Rare - 4
Accidental - 5


Species LOONS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Red-throated Loon |---|---|---|---|444|444|444|44-|---|---|---|---| Pacific Loon |---|---|---|--4|333|333|333|333|44-|---|---|---| Common Loon |---|---|---|---|433|333|333|333|44-|---|---|---|
GREBES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Horned Grebe |---|---|---|-43|333|333|333|333|333|444|---|---| Red-necked Grebe |---|---|---|-42|222|222|222|222|223|444|---|---|
CORMORANTS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Pelagic Cormorant 11.15.86 |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|-5-|---|
DUCKS, GEESE, AND SWANS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Greater White-fronted Goose |---|---|---|--3|333|344|---|---|444|4--|---|---| Snow Goose |---|---|---|-33|33-|---|---|555|555|555|5--|---| Canada Goose |---|---|---|432|111|111|111|111|112|34-|---|---| Brant |---|---|---|---|555|555|---|---|---|---|---|---| Trumpeter Swan |---|---|---|333|333|555|555|555|555|333|444|---| Tundra Swan |---|---|---|-32|233|---|---|--3|333|3--|---|---| Gadwall |---|---|---|-44|333|444|444|444|444|44-|---|---| Eurasian Wigeon |---|---|---|554|444|5--|---|---|---|---|---|---| American Wigeon |555|555|555|432|222|222|222|222|233|334|555|555| Mallard |222|222|222|111|111|111|111|111|111|222|222|222| Blue-winged Teal |---|---|---|---|-44|444|444|444|44-|---|---|---| Northern Shoveler |---|---|---|-43|333|333|333|333|333|334|4--|---| Northern Pintail |555|555|554|332|222|222|222|222|234|444|555|555| Green-winged Teal |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Canvasback |---|---|---|553|333|333|333|333|333|335|55-|---| Redhead |---|---|---|443|333|445|555|555|555|5--|---|---| Ring-necked Duck |---|--5|555|555|222|222|222|222|222|455|5--|---| Greater Scaup |---|---|--4|333|222|222|222|222|233|333|44-|---| Lesser Scaup |555|555|555|544|333|333|333|333|344|444|555|555| Steller's Eider |---|---|---|---|--5|555|555|555|---|---|---|---| Harlequin Duck |---|---|---|---|444|444|444|444|---|---|---|---| Surf Scoter |---|---|---|---|--4|444|444|444|444|---|---|---| White-winged Scoter |---|---|---|---|---|444|444|444|444|444|---|---| Oldsquaw |---|---|---|---|444|455|555|555|554|444|---|---| Bufflehead |333|333|333|334|44-|---|---|-44|433|333|333|333| Common Goldeneye |444|444|444|444|433|333|333|333|444|444|444|444| Barrow's Goldeneye |444|444|444|444|333|333|333|333|333|344|444|444| Common Merganser |444|444|444|444|333|333|333|333|334|444|444|444|
OSPREY |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Osprey |---|---|---|--4|333|333|333|345|555|5--|---|---|
HAWKS, EAGLES, AND KITES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Bald Eagle |444|444|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|344|444| Northern Harrier |---|---|---|432|223|333|333|333|333|444|---|---| Sharp-shinned Hawk |555|555|553|333|333|333|333|333|445|555|555|555| Northern Goshawk |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Red-tailed Hawk |---|---|---|443|333|333|333|333|334|---|---|---| Rough-legged Hawk |555|555|444|333|333|333|333|333|344|444|455|555| Golden Eagle |555|555|444|333|333|333|333|333|344|444|455|555|
FALCONS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| American Kestrel |---|---|---|-44|444|444|444|444|455|555|5--|---| Merlin |444|444|444|433|333|333|333|333|444|444|444|444| Gyrfalcon |444|444|555|555|555|555|555|555|555|554|444|444| Peregrine Falcon |---|---|---|443|333|333|333|334|444|444|444|444|
PTARMIGANS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Spruce Grouse |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| Willow Ptarmigan |222|222|223|333|444|444|444|444|444|433|333|222| Rock Ptarmigan |444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444| White-tailed Ptarmigan |444|444|444|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|444|444|
CRANE |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Sandhill Crane |---|---|---|432|223|444|444|444|322|233|---|---|
PLOVERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Black-bellied Plover |---|---|---|---|444|--5|544|445|555|---|---|---| American Golden-Plover |---|---|---|-55|555|---|---|555|555|---|---|---| Pacific Golden-Plover |---|---|---|-44|444|---|---|444|444|---|---|---| Semipalmated Plover |---|---|---|-43|333|333|333|333|445|5--|---|---| Killdeer |---|---|--5|555|555|555|555|555|555|555|5--|---|
SANDPIPERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Greater Yellowlegs |---|---|---|433|333|333|333|333|333|444|---|---| Lesser Yellowlegs |---|---|---|-43|333|333|333|333|455|---|---|---| Solitary Sandpiper |---|---|---|---|433|333|333|335|5--|---|---|---| Wandering Tattler |---|---|---|---|-43|344|444|444|4--|---|---|---| Spotted Sandpiper |---|---|---|---|433|333|333|333|344|---|---|---| Whimbrel |---|---|---|---|444|444|444|444|---|---|---|---|
DOWITCHERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Hudsonian Godwit |---|---|---|---|444|444|444|444|444|---|---|---| Ruddy Turnstone |---|---|---|---|444|---|---|---|---|---|---|---| Surfbird |---|---|---|---|444|444|444|44-|---|---|---|---| Semipalmated Sandpiper |---|---|---|---|444|444|444|444|---|---|---|---| Western Sandpiper |---|---|---|---|424|444|323|444|---|---|---|---| Least Sandpiper |---|---|---|---|222|222|222|223|4--|---|---|---| Baird's Sandpiper |---|---|---|---|444|555|555|555|---|---|---|---| Pectoral Sandpiper |---|---|---|---|444|---|555|544|444|---|---|---| Dunlin |---|---|---|---|444|---|---|---|---|---|---|---| Short-billed Dowitcher |---|---|---|-44|444|444|444|444|44-|---|---|---| Long-billed Dowitcher |---|---|---|---|444|444|444|444|444|---|---|---| Common Snipe |555|555|555|444|222|222|222|222|244|445|555|555|
PHALAROPES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Wilson's Phalarope 6.92 |---|---|---|---|---|666|---|---|---|---|---|---| Red-necked Phalarope |---|---|---|-33|222|222|222|233|---|---|---|---|
GULLS AND TERNS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Bonaparte's Gull |---|---|---|-32|222|222|222|223|334|555|---|---| Mew Gull |---|---|---|331|111|111|111|111|123|333|334|555| Herring Gull |555|555|333|222|222|333|333|333|333|333|333|555| Thayer's Gull |---|---|---|-44|44-|---|---|---|444|444|---|---| Glaucous-winged Gull |555|555|432|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|233|555| Caspian Tern 7.97 |---|---|---|---|---|---|777|---|---|---|---|---| Arctic Tern |---|---|---|--3|322|222|222|344|---|---|---|---|
DOVES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Rock Dove |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|
OWLS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Great Horned Owl |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Northern Hawk Owl |444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444| Great Gray Owl |555|555|555|555|555|555|555|555|555|555|555|555| Short-eared Owl |---|---|---|443|333|---|---|---|---|444|4--|---| Boreal Owl |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Northern Saw-whet Owl |444|433|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|444|444|444|
WOODPECKERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Belted Kingfisher |444|444|444|443|333|333|333|333|334|444|444|444| Downy Woodpecker |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Hairy Woodpecker |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Three-toed Woodpecker |444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444| Black-backed Woodpecker |555|555|555|555|555|555|555|555|555|555|555|555| Northern Flicker |555|555|555|555|443|333|333|344|444|455|555|555|
FLYCATCHERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Olive-sided Flycatcher |---|---|---|---|-44|444|444|44-|---|---|---|---| Western Wood-Pewee |---|---|---|---|-44|444|444|445|5--|---|---|---| Alder Flycatcher |---|---|---|---|--4|333|333|334|---|---|---|---| Say's Phoebe |---|---|---|---|555|---|---|---|555|555|555|555|
SHRIKES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Northern Shrike |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|
JAYS AND CROWS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Gray Jay |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Steller's Jay |333|333|344|444|444|444|444|444|444|333|333|333| Black-billed Magpie |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Northwestern Crow |---|---|---|---|555|555|---|555|555|5--|---|---| Common Raven |222|222|223|333|332|222|222|233|333|333|333|222|
LARKS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Horned lark |---|---|---|--4|333|333|333|334|---|---|---|---|
SWALLOWS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Tree Swallow |---|---|---|-33|222|222|222|33-|---|---|---|---| Violet-green Swallow |---|---|---|-33|222|222|222|334|444|---|---|---| Bank Swallow |---|---|---|---|433|333|333|333|---|---|---|---| Cliff Swallow |---|---|---|---|433|333|333|334|---|---|---|---|
CHICKADEES AND TITMICE |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Black-capped Chickadee |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111| Boreal Chickadee |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|
NUTHATCHES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Red-breasted Nuthatch |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|
CREEPERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Brown Creeper |444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|
WRENS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Winter Wren 7.97 |---|---|---|---|---|---|666|---|---|---|---|---|
DIPPERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| American Dipper |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|
THRUSHES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Golden-crowned Kinglet |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Ruby-crowned Kinglet |555|555|555|533|222|222|222|222|233|333|344|444| Arctic Warbler 6.20.97 |---|---|---|---|---|-6-|---|---|---|---|---|---| Northern Wheatear |---|---|---|---|---|--4|444|444|---|---|---|---| Townsend's Solitaire |---|---|---|---|--4|444|444|444|444|---|---|---| Gray-cheeked Thrush |---|---|---|---|443|555|555|334|---|---|---|---| Swainson's Thrush |---|---|---|---|332|222|233|333|334|---|---|---| Hermit Thrush |---|---|---|---|422|222|222|222|244|---|---|---| American Robin |444|444|444|443|222|222|222|222|233|333|344|444|
WAXWINGS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Bohemian Waxwing |333|333|344|444|333|333|333|444|444|433|222|222|
WARBLERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Orange-crowned Warbler |---|---|---|---|322|222|222|233|344|445|5--|---| Yellow Warbler |---|---|---|---|-43|333|333|333|34-|---|---|---| Yellow-rumped Warbler |---|---|---|-43|222|222|222|233|344|---|---|---| Townsend's Warbler |---|---|---|---|-43|333|333|34-|---|---|---|---| Blackpoll Warbler |---|---|---|---|-43|333|333|334|555|---|---|---| Northern Waterthrush |---|---|---|---|-42|222|333|334|4--|---|---|---| Wilsons's Warbler |---|---|---|---|432|222|222|222|344|555|---|---|
SPARROWS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| American Tree Sparrow |555|555|555|555|333|444|444|443|333|344|444|555| Savannah Sparrow |---|---|---|-43|322|222|222|222|334|---|---|---| Fox Sparrow |555|5--|---|--4|322|222|222|223|334|555|555|555| Song Sparrow |---|---|---|---|555|555|555|5--|---|---|---|---| Lincoln's Sparrow |---|---|---|--4|332|222|222|334|---|---|---|---| White-crowned Sparrow |333|333|333|333|322|222|222|233|333|333|333|333| Golden-crowned Sparrow |555|555|5--|--4|322|222|222|223|344|555|555|555| Dark-eyed Junco |333|333|333|332|111|111|111|111|123|333|333|333| Lapland Longspur |---|---|--4|432|23-|---|---|-42|244|---|---|---|
BLACKBIRDS AND ORIOLES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Red-winged Blackbird |---|---|---|---|555|555|555|555|555|---|---|---| Rusty Blackbird |555|555|555|553|332|222|222|222|333|333|344|444|
FINCHES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch |---|---|---|-44|444|433|334|444|555|---|---|---| Pine Grosbeak |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Red Crossbill |---|---|---|---|--5|555|555|555|555|555|555|---| White-winged Crossbill |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Common Redpoll |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111| Pine Siskin |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|

Department of Defense and Partners in Flight are cooperating on an international program to promote conservation of resident and Neotropical migratory birds. For information visit http://www.dodpif.org or call Department of Defense Partners in Flight at 540-253-5675.
This resource is based on the following source:
Department of Defense. No date. Bird Checklist, Anchorage Area Military 
     Reservations.  Department of Defense. Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
Department of Defense. No date. Bird Checklist, Anchorage Area Military 
     Reservations.  Department of Defense. Unpaginated.  Jamestown, 
     ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.   
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govr1/elmendor.htm 
     (Version 26JUN00)

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