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Bird Checklists of the United States

Turtle Mountain

Bottineau, North Dakota


The Turtle Mountains is an area of rolling hills covered with aspen, oak, paper birch, elm, and ash trees dotted with a variety of lakes and marshes. It is a summer breeding haven for many species of birds and migrating stopover for others.
The red-necked grebe is probably the most popular breeding bird in the park. Red-neck grebes are rare breeders in the lower 48 states but are at home in the sheltered bays of School Section Lake. Other birds of interest are the other four species of grebe, white pelicans, common loons, herons, red-eyed and Philadelphia vireos, hawks and grouse. Over 100 species are known to nest here.

* - species nesting within the area.

Sp - March-May
S - June-August
F - September-November
W - December-February

a - abundant: numerous, readily seen
c - common: fair numbers, should be seen
u - uncommon: present, but not certain to be seen
o - occasional: seen only a few times during a season
r - rare: seldom seen


LOONS AND GREBES Sp S F W ___ Common Loon* u u u - ___ Red-necked Grebe* o c c - ___ Horned Grebe* u u u - ___ Eared Grebe* u u u - ___ Western Grebe o o o - ___ Pied-billed Grebe* u u u -
PELICANS AND CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican* c c c - ___ Double-crested Cormorant* c c c -
HERONS AND IBISES Sp S F W ___ Great Blue Heron* u u u - ___ Green Heron - r r - ___ Great Egret - r r - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron* u u u - ___ American Bittern* u u u -
WATERFOWL Sp S F W ___ Canada Goose o c c r ___ Mallard* c c c u ___ American Black Duck o r r - ___ Gadwall* u c c - ___ Northern Pintail - c c - ___ Green-winged Teal* u u c - ___ Blue-winged Teal* c a a - ___ Cinnamon Teal r r - - ___ American Wigeon* u u c - ___ Northern Shoveler* u c a - ___ Wood Duck* u c c - ___ Redhead* o c c - ___ Canvasback* c u c - ___ Lesser Scaup* c u a - ___ Ring-necked Duck* c - c - ___ Common Goldeneye* u - u r ___ Bufflehead* c - c - ___ White-winged Scoter r - r - ___ Ruddy Duck* c c c - ___ Hooded Merganser o - u - ___ Common Merganser r - c r
VULTURES AND HAWKS Sp S F W ___ Turkey Vulture o o o - ___ Northern Goshawk o o o o ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk* o o o - ___ Cooper's Hawk* o o o - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* c c c - ___ Broad-winged Hawk* c c c - ___ Golden Eagle o o - - ___ Bald Eagle o o - - ___ Osprey o o - - ___ Northern Harrier (Marsh Hawk)* u u u - ___ Merlin r r r - ___ American Kestrel* u u u -
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS Sp S F W ___ Ruffed Grouse* u u u u ___ Ring-necked Pheasant u u u u
CRANES AND RAILS Sp S F W ___ Sandhill Crane o - o - ___ Virginia Rail o o o - ___ Sora* u u u - ___ American Coot* c c c -
PLOVERS AND STILTS Sp S F W ___ Killdeer* c c c -
SANDPIPERS, SNIPES AND PHALAROPES Sp S F W ___ Woodcock o o o - ___ Common Snipe* c o o - ___ Solitary Sandpiper o o - - ___ Willet r r r - ___ Wilson's Phalarope* o o o -
GULLS AND TERNS Sp S F W ___ Herring Gull o o o - ___ Ring-billed Gull u u u - ___ Franklin's Gull* c c c - ___ Common Tern* c c c - ___ Black Tern* c c c -
PIGEONS AND CUCKOOS Sp S F W ___ Mourning Dove* u u u - ___ Black-billed Cuckoo* u u u -
OWLS AND GOATSUCKERS Sp S F W ___ Screech-Owl* o o o o ___ Great Horned Owl* u u u u ___ Snowy Owl o o o o ___ Long-eared Owl o o o o ___ Common Nighthawk* u u u -
SWIFTS, HUMMINGBIRDS AND KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird* u u u - ___ Belted Kingfisher* u u u -
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Northern Flicker (Yellow-shafted)* u u u - ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker* u u u - ___ Hairy Woodpecker* u u u - ___ Downy Woodpecker* c c c -
FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Kingbird* c c c - ___ Western Kingbird* u u u - ___ Great Crested Flycatcher* u u u - ___ Eastern Phoebe* c c c - ___ Least Flycatcher* c c a - ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee o o o -
LARKS AND SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Tree Swallow* c a u - ___ Bank Swallow* c c a - ___ Barn Swallow* c c a - ___ Purple Martin* u u u -
JAYS, CROWS AND MAGPIES Sp S F W ___ Blue Jay* u u c c ___ Black-billed Magpie* u u u u ___ Raven - - - u ___ American Crow* c c c c
CHICKADEES, NUTHATCHES, CREEPERS AND WRENS Sp S F W ___ Black-capped Chickadee* c c c c ___ White-breasted Nuthatch* u c c o ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch* o o o o ___ House Wren* c c c - ___ Long-billed Marsh Wren* u u u - ___ Short-billed Marsh Wren* u u u -
KINGLETS, THRUSHES AND THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird* c c c - ___ Brown Thrasher* o o o - ___ American Robin* c c c o ___ Swainson's Thrush o o o - ___ Veery* c c c - ___ Mountain Bluebird* o o o - ___ Eastern Bluebird* u u u - ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet o o o -
PIPITS, WAXWINGS AND SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Cedar Waxwing* u u u - ___ Bohemian Waxwing u - u u
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ Yellow-throated Vireo* u u u - ___ Red-eyed Vireo* c a a - ___ Philadelphia Vireo* c c c - ___ Warbling Vireo* c c c -
WOOD WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Black-and-white Warbler* u u u - ___ Tennessee Warbler* u u - - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler r r r - ___ Yellow Warbler* c a a - ___ Magnolia Warbler r r r - ___ Cape May Warbler r r r - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler (Myrtle & Audubon's) c r c - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler* o o o - ___ Blackpoll Warbler c - u - ___ Ovenbird* c c c - ___ Northern Waterthrush* c c c - ___ Mourning Warbler* c c c - ___ Common Yellowthroat* c c c - ___ American Redstart* c c c -
WEAVER FINCHES Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow* c c c c
MEADOWLARKS, BLACKBIRDS AND ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink* u u u - ___ Western Meadowlark* u u u - ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird* c a a - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* a a a - ___ Baltimore Oriole c c c - ___ Brewer's Blackbird* u u u - ___ Common Grackle* c c c - ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* c c c -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Scarlet Tanager - o o -
GROSBEAKS, BUNTINGS, AND SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Northern Cardinal - r r - ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak* u u u - ___ Indigo Bunting* u u u - ___ Rufous-sided Towhee* u u u - ___ Savannah Sparrow* u u u - ___ Grasshopper Sparrow* u u u - ___ Baird's Sparrow* u u u - ___ Le Conte's Sparrow - r r - ___ Sharp-tailed Sparrow* u u u - ___ Vesper Sparrow* u u u - ___ Dark-eyed Junco (Slate-colored) u - u r ___ Chipping Sparrow* u u u - ___ Clay-colored Sparrow* c c c - ___ White-throated Sparrow* c c c - ___ Song Sparrow* c c c - ___ Snow Bunting u - u u
FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Evening Grosbeak u - u u ___ Purple Finch* o o o - ___ Pine Grosbeak o o - - ___ Common Redpoll u - u u ___ Pine Siskin u o u u ___ American Goldfinch* c c c - ___ White-winged Crossbill* u u u -

For additional information contact:
                 Superintendent
                 North Dakota Parks & Recreation Department
                 1835 Bismarck Expressway
                 Bismarck, North Dakota 58504
This resource is based on the following source:
North Dakota Parks and Recreation Department.  No date.  Turtle Mountain bird 
     checklist.  North Dakota Parks and Recreation Department.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
North Dakota Parks and Recreation Department.  No date.  Turtle Mountain bird 
     checklist.  North Dakota Parks and Recreation Department.  Unpaginated.  
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govturtle.htm   
     (Version 22MAY98).

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